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PAPER 126 - THE TWO CRUCIAL YEARS

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 126 - THE TWO CRUCIAL YEARS

 

 

[introduction]

 

 

P.1386 - §1 Of all Jesus' earth-life experiences, the fourteenth and fifteenth years were the most crucial. These two years, after he began to be self-conscious of divinity and destiny, and before he achieved a large measure of communication with his indwelling Adjuster, were the most trying of his eventful life on Urantia. It is this period of two years which should be called the great test, the real temptation. No human youth, in passing through the early confusions and adjustment problems of adolescence, ever experienced a more crucial testing than that which Jesus passed through during his transition from childhood to young manhood.

 

P.1386 - §2 This important period in Jesus' youthful development began with the conclusion of the Jerusalem visit and with his return to Nazareth. At first Mary was happy in the thought that she had her boy back once more, that Jesus had returned home to be a dutiful son--not that he was ever anything else--and that he would henceforth be more responsive to her plans for his future life. But she was not for long to bask in this sunshine of maternal delusion and unrecognized family pride; very soon she was to be more completely disillusioned. More and more the boy was in the company of his father; less and less did he come to her with his problems, while increasingly both his parents failed to comprehend his frequent alternation between the affairs of this world and the contemplation of his relation to his Father's business. Frankly, they did not understand him, but they did truly love him.

 

 

P.1386 - §3 As he grew older, Jesus' pity and love for the Jewish people deepened, but with the passing years, there developed in his mind a growing righteous resentment of the presence in the Father's temple of the politically appointed priests. Jesus had great respect for the sincere Pharisees and the honest scribes, but he held the hypocritical Pharisees and the dishonest theologians in great contempt; he looked with disdain upon all those religious leaders who were not sincere. When he scrutinized the leadership of Israel, he was sometimes tempted to look with favor on the possibility of his becoming the Messiah of Jewish expectation, but he never yielded to such a temptation.

 

 

P.1386 - §4 The story of his exploits among the wise men of the temple in Jerusalem was gratifying to all Nazareth, especially to his former teachers in the synagogue school. For a time his praise was on everybody's lips. All the village recounted his childhood wisdom and praiseworthy conduct and predicted that he was destined to become a great leader in Israel; at last a really great teacher was to come out of Nazareth in Galilee. And they all looked forward to the time when he would be fifteen years of age so that he might be permitted regularly to read the Scriptures in the synagogue on the Sabbath day.

 

 

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Welcome Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Guests...

 

...to the opening presentation of Paper 126. This Paper is relatively short, just eight pages. Papers 121-196 were compiled by the Midwayers who are supervised by the Melchizedek in charge. In 126 the story of Jesus' life takes a tragic turn, not only does his father die at age 37, he left 15 year old Jesus with a pregnant wife and seven prepubescent siblings. Thus can the Midwayers make this unique declaration without reservation or qualification:

...No human youth, in passing through the early confusions and adjustment problems of adolescence, ever experienced a more crucial testing than that which Jesus passed through during his transition from childhood to young manhood.... P.1386 - 1

 

But for now his mother was more confident than ever that he would become the political redeemer she longed, perhaps even prayed, for. The Midwayers probably weren't trying to evoke humor when they wrote:

...she was not for long to bask in this sunshine of maternal delusion.... P.1386 - 2

 

...but it is funny put that way, no? Poor prideful, material minded Mary, she was bound to be disappointed.

 

 

***

 

 

...he held the hypocritical Pharisees and the dishonest theologians in great contempt; he looked with disdain upon all those religious leaders who were not sincere.... P.1386 - 3

 

Interesting to note this contempt eventually caused him to "cleanse the temple" of commerce and sacrificial animals, which in turn certified and assured his death sentence.

 

 

***

 

 

There was never a sliver of a chance that he would give into this temptation:

...he was sometimes tempted to look with favor on the possibility of his becoming the Messiah of Jewish expectation, but he never yielded to such a temptation.... P.1386 - 3

 

...what a different world we might be living in if he had. I can't even imagine it, you?

 

 

Overview of Paper 126. The Two Crucial Years

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

Synopsis of Paper 126:

 

The story of Jesus' experience in the temple at Jerusalem gratified the people of Nazareth, especially his former teachers. By now Jesus had become adept at yoke making and leather work. He was learning carpentry and cabinet making. The family finances were improving; Jesus was permitted to resume his music lessons. During this year Joseph and Mary began to entertain doubts about Jesus' destiny-he was so difficult to understand, and nothing miraculous had happened.

 

In September, 8 AD, Joseph was killed at work by a falling derrick. Mary and the children were overcome with sadness. Jesus, just fourteen years old, became the sole support and guardian of his father's family. The youngest of the children, Ruth, was born the following April, and Jesus took his father's place in the delivery and care of the child.

 

Family responsibility removed all thought in Jesus' mind of immediate plans to be about his Father's business. He understood that the welfare of his earthly family took priority over all other duties; the support of his family became his first obligation.

 

During his fifteenth year, Jesus became convinced that he was not to be the Jewish Messiah. He was impressed by the phrase "Son of Man" in the book of Enoch, and decided to adopt it as his title when he began his public work.

 

The greatest confusion of his youth arose when he tried to understand the Scriptural reference to the coming Messiah. Would he recognize this messiah? What would his relationship be to him? Jesus thought through these and many other problems as he worked at the carpenter's bench. Mary was alarmed at his strange ideas and his frequent trips to the hilltops for meditation and prayer.

 

Jesus worked long hours, faithfully fulfilling the responsibilities of his immediate situation. Each passing month necessitated the practice of greater frugality. Jesus donated his copy of the Greek scriptures to the Nazareth synagogue rather than risk its confiscation by tax collectors. He rented a piece of land where the other children each planted a vegetable garden. Jesus gave serious thought to purchasing a small farm, but when their claim for Joseph's back pay was denied, the family's dream of a life in the country ended.

 

Source

 

 

In tomorrow's reading, Section 1: HIS FOURTEENTH YEAR (A.D. 8) Jesus enjoys his last days as a son, free to roam the hills and talk with his heavenly Father, as his parents begin to wonder why he doesn't do something miraculous. Soon, very soon, the life of the Nazareth family will become very different and difficult, especially for Mary who never in her earth life understood her first born, or his mission.

 

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

 

 

 

***

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 126 - THE TWO CRUCIAL YEARS

 

 

1. HIS FOURTEENTH YEAR (A.D. 8)

 

 

P.1387 - §1 This is the calendar year of his fourteenth birthday. He had become a good yoke maker and worked well with both canvas and leather. He was also rapidly developing into an expert carpenter and cabinetmaker. This summer he made frequent trips to the top of the hill to the northwest of Nazareth for prayer and meditation. He was gradually becoming more self-conscious of the nature of his bestowal on earth.

 

P.1387 - §2 This hill, a little more than one hundred years previously, had been the "high place of Baal," and now it was the site of the tomb of Simeon, a reputed holy man of Israel. From the summit of this hill of Simeon, Jesus looked out over Nazareth and the surrounding country. He would gaze upon Megiddo and recall the story of the Egyptian army winning its first great victory in Asia; and how, later on, another such army defeated the Judean king Josiah. Not far away he could look upon Taanach, where Deborah and Barak defeated Sisera. In the distance he could view the hills of Dothan, where he had been taught Joseph's brethren sold him into Egyptian slavery. He then would shift his gaze over to Ebal and Gerizim and recount to himself the traditions of Abraham, Jacob, and Abimelech. And thus he recalled and turned over in his mind the historic and traditional events of his father Joseph's people.

 

P.1387 - §3 He continued to carry on his advanced courses of reading under the synagogue teachers, and he also continued with the home education of his brothers and sisters as they grew up to suitable ages.

 

P.1387 - §4 Early this year Joseph arranged to set aside the income from his Nazareth and Capernaum property to pay for Jesus' long course of study at Jerusalem, it having been planned that he should go to Jerusalem in August of the following year when he would be fifteen years of age.

 

P.1387 - §5 By the beginning of this year both Joseph and Mary entertained frequent doubts about the destiny of their first-born son. He was indeed a brilliant and lovable child, but he was so difficult to understand, so hard to fathom, and again, nothing extraordinary or miraculous ever happened. Scores of times had his proud mother stood in breathless anticipation, expecting to see her son engage in some superhuman or miraculous performance, but always were her hopes dashed down in cruel disappointment. And all this was discouraging, even disheartening. The devout people of those days truly believed that prophets and men of promise always demonstrated their calling and established their divine authority by performing miracles and working wonders. But Jesus did none of these things; wherefore was the confusion of his parents steadily increased as they contemplated his future.

 

P.1387 - §6 The improved economic condition of the Nazareth family was reflected in many ways about the home and especially in the increased number of smooth white boards which were used as writing slates, the writing being done with charcoal. Jesus was also permitted to resume his music lessons; he was very fond of playing the harp.

 

 

P.1387 - §7 Throughout this year it can truly be said that Jesus "grew in favor with man and with God." The prospects of the family seemed good; the future was bright.

 

 

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings Menno, Carolyn, NelsonG, Carola Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors :D

 

Old Nazareth was nestled on a hillside with a road running by. Of course everyone in the town had climbed to the top of the hill for the spectacular view. Young Jesus found peace and perspective there as well:

...This summer he made frequent trips to the top of the hill to the northwest of Nazareth for prayer and meditation. He was gradually becoming more self-conscious of the nature of his bestowal on earth.... P.1387 - 1

 

Nazareth_the_holy_land_1842.jpg

NAZARETH 1842

 

Image Source

 

 

...This hill, a little more than one hundred years previously, had been the "high place of Baal," and now it was the site of the tomb of Simeon, a reputed holy man of Israel.... P.1387 - 2

 

Evidently there was more than one "high place":

 

A High Place, was a raised altar or hilltop shrine in ancient Israelite and Canaanite times described as existing from the patriarchs period through at least the sixth century B.C.E. and beyond. High places consisted of a stone or earthen altar, often accompanied by a stone or wooden pillar symbolizing the presence of a deity, and sometimes a sacred tree. High places near major settlements sometimes evolved into formal temples.

 

Source/More

 

From the Bible's Old Testament:

 

Numbers 22:41 (reference) "And it came to pass on the morrow, that Balak took Balaam, and brought him up into the high places of Baal, that thence he might see the utmost part of the people. "

 

About Simeon:

 

According to the Book of Genesis, Simeon was, the second son of Jacob and Leah, and the founder of the Israelite Tribe of Simeon.

 

The Midwayers use the word "reputed" which could indicate Simeon was less than holy:

 

The classical rabbinical sources argue that Simeon was very fearless, but also was particularly envious, and so had always been antagonistic and spiteful towards Joseph, owing to Joseph being Jacob's favourite son.[3] The midrashic book of Jasher argues that Simeon was the one who proposed that the brothers should kill Joseph, and other classical sources argue that it was Simeon who threw Joseph into a pit, and became furious when he found out that Judah had sold Joseph rather than killed him;[15] according to the classical sources, Simeon suffered divine punishment for this inhumanity, with his right hand withered, but this caused Simeon to repent, and so his hand was restored a week later.

 

Source/More

 

***

 

 

 

 

...He would gaze upon Megiddo and recall the story of the Egyptian army winning its first great victory in Asia....
P.1387 - 2

 

This Battle of Megiddo is recorded as having taken place in 609 BC with Necho II of Egypt leading his army to Carchemish to fight with his allies the Assyrians against the Babylonians at Carchemish in northern Syria.

 

703px-Tel_megido.JPG

Modern Megiddo Source/More

 

 

...and how, later on, another such army defeated the Judean king Josiah....
P.1387 - 2

 

...Josiah refused to let the Egyptians pass for reasons discussed by the talmud and a battle took place in which Josiah was killed. The battle is recorded in the Bible, 1 Esdras, and the writings of Josephus.

 

 

The Biblical account:

 

2 Kings 23:29-30 "In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him. And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead."

 

 

***

 

Few people know that the US president's first name is of biblical origin, and now appears in the UB:

...Not far away he could look upon Taanach, where Deborah and Barak defeated Sisera....
P.1387 - 2

 

The Israelites marched to Mount Tabor. Their movements were reported to Sisera, who hastened to the Wadi Kishon, near Mount Tabor.[1] However, a downpour had soaked the ground in the area, significantly slowing the Canaanite chariots in the ensuing mud. The chariots were now almost useless and, when Barak's army attacked from Mount Tabor, the Canaanites faltered.

 

Sisera, despite falling from his chariot, was among the Canaanites to escape the battle. Barak was determined not to let them get far, however, and pursued them so thoroughly that, among the Canaanites, "not even one man" survived. Sisera staggered into the tent of Yael, wife of Heber the Kenite, and begged for protection, as the Kenites were not at war with the Hazor Canaanites.[1] Yael hid Sisera and gave him some milk to drink and killed him shortly after by knocking a tent peg through his skull after he had fallen asleep. Thus, when Barak arrived in pursuit of Sisera, he found that Deborah's prophecy had been fulfilled.

 

Source/More

 

Biblical reference:

 

Judges 4:10-16
"And Barak called Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh; and he went up with ten thousand men at his feet: and Deborah went up with him.

 

Now Heber the Kenite, which was of the children of Hobab the father in law of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent unto the plain of Zaanaim, which is by Kedesh.

 

And they shewed Sisera that Barak the son of Abinoam was gone up to mount Tabor.

And Sisera gathered together all his chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him, from Harosheth of the Gentiles unto the river of Kishon.

And Deborah said unto Barak, Up; for this is the day in which the Lord hath delivered Sisera into thine hand: is not the Lord gone out before thee?

 

So Barak went down from mount Tabor, and ten thousand men after him.

 

And the Lord discomfited Sisera, and all his chariots, and all his host, with the edge of the sword before Barak; so that Sisera lighted down off his chariot, and fled away on his feet.

 

But Barak pursued after the chariots, and after the host, unto Harosheth of the Gentiles: and all the host of Sisera fell upon the edge of the sword; and there was not a man left."

 

 

 

About Taanach:

 

An ancient royal city of the Canaanites, on the south-western border of the plain of Esdraelon, 4 miles south of Megiddo. Its king was conquered by Joshua (12:21). It was assigned to the Levites of the family of Kohath (17:11-18; 21:25). It is mentioned in the song of Deborah (Judg. 5:19).

 

Source

 

 

About Dothan and Joseph:

 

...In the distance he could view the hills of Dothan, where he had been taught Joseph's brethren sold him into Egyptian slavery....
P.1387 - 2

 

[Dothan] is first mentioned (
Genesis
37:17) in connection with the history of
Joseph
where, at the suggestion of
Judah
, the brothers sold Joseph to the Ishmaelite merchants (Gen. 37:17). It later appears as the residence of
Elisha
(
2 Kings
6:13) and the scene of a vision of chariots and horses of fire surrounding the mountain on which the city stood.

 

Source/More

 

 

...He then would shift his gaze over to Ebal and Gerizim and recount to himself the traditions of Abraham, Jacob, and Abimelech....
P.1387 - 2

 

Abraham repeated the scam he played on pharaoh, this time with King Abimelech. Believing Abraham that Sarah is his sister, Abimelech takes old Sarah for a little play. Before Abimelech had the chance to have his fun, God came to him in a dream to tell him he is about to die for taking a married woman. Abimelech pleaded his case for his life that he was deceived and God agrees. Abimelech was a God fearing man, so he gave Sarah two livestock, two slaves, a 1000 pieces of silver and an offer to live anywhere they want. In anger over Sarah, God made Abimelech’s wives and female slaves sterile until God granted Abraham’s prayers to forgive Abimelech. The two made a covenant, promising to be fair and honest with each other.

 

 

Source/More

 

***

 

During his 14th year young Joshua simply carried on with his duties and education, no miracles, no great deeds or political leanings were in evidence, much to the dismay of his miracle minded mother and father:

...Jesus did none of these things; wherefore was the confusion of his parents steadily increased as they contemplated his future....
P.1387 - 5

 

 

Here, the Midwayers quote the Gospel of Luke:

...Throughout this year it can truly be said that Jesus "grew in favor with man and with God." The prospects of the family seemed good; the future was bright....
P.1387 - 7

 

Luke 2:52 "And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man. "

 

 

But the future was not bright. In tomorrow's reading, Section 2: THE DEATH OF JOSEPH, a "cruel hand" strikes the Nazareth family and prosperity quickly becomes poverty.

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

Overview of Paper 126.
The Two Crucial Years

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

***

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Old Nazareth was nestled on a hillside with a road running by. Of course everyone in the town had climbed to the top of the hill for the spectacular view. Young Jesus found peace and perspective there as well:

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Certainly perspective, but peace? I wonder.

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Old Nazareth was nestled on a hillside with a road running by. Of course everyone in the town had climbed to the top of the hill for the spectacular view. Young Jesus found peace and perspective there as well:

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Certainly perspective, but peace? I wonder.

 

Thanks NelsonG,

 

The Midwayers used the words "prayer and meditation". You're right, and it's a good point, those words don't necessarily translate as peace. I was projecting I guess, because nature is so conducive to peace, prayer and worship. Which brings up the question: has he experienced worship at 14...?

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Dear Rick,

 

Once again, I get lost in the photos and the descriptions of events found in the old Hebrew scriptures and the Bible; all of which add so much to the UB quotations.

 

Thank you!

 

On this Easter Sunday may peace and love abide with all who read here. :wub:

 

Carolyn

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Dear Rick,

 

Once again, I get lost in the photos and the descriptions of events found in the old Hebrew scriptures and the Bible; all of which add so much to the UB quotations.

 

Thank you!

 

On this Easter Sunday may peace and love abide with all who read here. :wub:

 

Carolyn

 

Amen Carolyn, thanks~

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 126 - THE TWO CRUCIAL YEARS

 

 

2. THE DEATH OF JOSEPH

 

 

P.1388 - §1 All did go well until that fateful day of Tuesday, September 25, when a runner from Sepphoris brought to this Nazareth home the tragic news that Joseph had been severely injured by the falling of a derrick while at work on the governor's residence. The messenger from Sepphoris had stopped at the shop on the way to Joseph's home, informing Jesus of his father's accident, and they went together to the house to break the sad news to Mary. Jesus desired to go immediately to his father, but Mary would hear to nothing but that she must hasten to her husband's side. She directed that James, then ten years of age, should accompany her to Sepphoris while Jesus remained home with the younger children until she should return, as she did not know how seriously Joseph had been injured. But Joseph died of his injuries before Mary arrived. They brought him to Nazareth, and on the following day he was laid to rest with his fathers.

 

 

P.1388 - §2 Just at the time when prospects were good and the future looked bright, an apparently cruel hand struck down the head of this Nazareth household, the affairs of this home were disrupted, and every plan for Jesus and his future education was demolished. This carpenter lad, now just past fourteen years of age, awakened to the realization that he had not only to fulfill the commission of his heavenly Father to reveal the divine nature on earth and in the flesh, but that his young human nature must also shoulder the responsibility of caring for his widowed mother and seven brothers and sisters--and another yet to be born. This lad of Nazareth now became the sole support and comfort of this so suddenly bereaved family. Thus were permitted those occurrences of the natural order of events on Urantia which would force this young man of destiny so early to assume these heavy but highly educational and disciplinary responsibilities attendant upon becoming the head of a human family, of becoming father to his own brothers and sisters, of supporting and protecting his mother, of functioning as guardian of his father's home, the only home he was to know while on this world.

 

P.1388 - §3 Jesus cheerfully accepted the responsibilities so suddenly thrust upon him, and he carried them faithfully to the end. At least one great problem and anticipated difficulty in his life had been tragically solved--he would not now be expected to go to Jerusalem to study under the rabbis. It remained always true that Jesus "sat at no man's feet." He was ever willing to learn from even the humblest of little children, but he never derived authority to teach truth from human sources.

 

P.1388 - §4 Still he knew nothing of the Gabriel visit to his mother before his birth; he only learned of this from John on the day of his baptism, at the beginning of his public ministry.

 

 

P.1388 - §5 As the years passed, this young carpenter of Nazareth increasingly measured every institution of society and every usage of religion by the unvarying test: What does it do for the human soul? does it bring God to man? does it bring man to God? While this youth did not wholly neglect the recreational and social aspects of life, more and more he devoted his time and energies to just two purposes: the care of his family and the preparation to do his Father's heavenly will on earth.

 

P.1389 - §1 This year it became the custom for the neighbors to drop in during the winter evenings to hear Jesus play upon the harp, to listen to his stories (for the lad was a master storyteller), and to hear him read from the Greek scriptures.

 

P.1389 - §2 The economic affairs of the family continued to run fairly smoothly as there was quite a sum of money on hand at the time of Joseph's death. Jesus early demonstrated the possession of keen business judgment and financial sagacity. He was liberal but frugal; he was saving but generous. He proved to be a wise and efficient administrator of his father's estate.

 

P.1389 - §3 But in spite of all that Jesus and the Nazareth neighbors could do to bring cheer into the home, Mary, and even the children, were overcast with sadness. Joseph was gone. Joseph was an unusual husband and father, and they all missed him. And it seemed all the more tragic to think that he died ere they could speak to him or hear his farewell blessing.

 

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings Carolyn, NelsonG, Carola Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Guests,

 

It's interesting to note how history and the church treat Joseph. He simply vanishes in the Bible. First he is betrothed to Mary, they all three travel to Egypt and back, and he is present at the Passover where Jesus is left behind. But Joseph isn't heard from after that.

 

The Catholics did however make him a saint:

 

482px-Vitrail_Florac_010609_02_Mort_de_Joseph.jpg

Death of Joseph, St. Martin's at Florac

 

The world knows so little about this great man, and what is believed is sometimes erroneous:

 

Joseph is venerated as a saint in the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican, and Lutheran faiths. In Catholic and other traditions, Joseph is the patron saint of workers and has several feast days. He was also declared to be the patron saint and protector of the Catholic Church by Pope Pius IX in 1870, and is the patron of several countries and regions. With the growth of Mariology, the theological field of Josephology has also grown and since the 1950s centres for studying it have been formed.

 

...None of the Gospels mentions Joseph as present at any event during Jesus' adult ministry. The synoptic Gospels, however, share a scene in which the people of Nazareth, Jesus' hometown, doubt Jesus' status as a prophet because they know his family. In Mark 6:3, they call Jesus "Mary's son" instead of naming his father. In Matthew, the townspeople call Jesus "the carpenter's son," again without naming his father, and again he has brothers named James, and Joses (i.e., Joseph), and Simon, and Judas (Matthew 13:53-58). In Luke 3:23 "And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was [the son] of Heli," and Luke makes no mention of any brothers (Luke 4:16-30). In Luke the tone is positive, whereas in Mark and Matthew it is disparaging.[9] This incident does not appear at all in John, but in a parallel story the disbelieving Jews refer to "Jesus the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know" (John 6:41-51).

 

Joseph is not mentioned as being present at the Wedding at Cana at the beginning of Jesus' mission, nor at the Passion at the end. If he had been present at the Crucifixion, he would under Jewish custom have been expected to take charge of Jesus' body, but this role is instead performed by Joseph of Arimathea. Nor would Jesus have entrusted his mother to John's care had her husband been alive.

 

 

Text/Image Source

 

488px-Saint_Joseph_with_the_Infant_Jesus_by_Guido_Reni,_c_1635.jpg

 

Holy Family with the Holy Spirit by Murillo, 1675-1682.

 

Image Source

 

***

 

Now we know how Joseph was employed, he was a government contractor:

...a runner from Sepphoris brought to this Nazareth home the tragic news that Joseph had been severely injured by the falling of a derrick while at work on the governor's residence.... P.1388 - 1

 

It is possible that Joseph worked here:

 

Sepphoris,_apercu_du_Cardo_romain_tb040200.jpg

Source

 

 

In this photo the governor's residence is center left:

sepphoris_google.jpg

Photo Source

 

 

***

 

The use of the word "apparently" here is very telling:

...an apparently cruel hand struck down the head of this Nazareth household....
P.1388 - 2

 

If Joseph hadn't died Jesus would never have had to be a father to eight, he would have to attend the rabbi's college in Jerusalem. And he never would have known what is means to bear the responsibility and management of a large household and multiple properties.

 

In a divine sense, this 'apparent' accident ensured Jesus would be tested in the ways we all are, and probably many more since he didn't have the solace or comfort of marriage. He had to become brother, husband and father at the unripe age of 14 years and one month.

 

So, did the hand of Providence swoop down and kill Joseph in order to give Jesus the experiences necessary to fulfill his mission to replete perfection? It certainly worked out well in the cosmic sense. And it must be noted that Jesus didn't seem overly or adversely affected by his father's unexpected demise. Perhaps he saw an inevitability about this accident?

...Jesus cheerfully accepted the responsibilities so suddenly thrust upon him, and he carried them faithfully to the end....
P.1388 - 3

 

***

 

If these quoted words appear in the Bible or elsewhere, I can't find them:

...It remained always true that Jesus "sat at no man's feet...."
P.1388 - 3

 

***

 

These questions are a valid test of the efficacy of service and truth-teaching even today, aren't they?!

...What does it do for the human soul? does it bring God to man? does it bring man to God?
P.1388 - 5

 

***

 

 

What do people do in a world without ready-made entertainment, the internet, television and radio? Visit the neighborhood raconteur and musician!

...This year it became the custom for the neighbors to drop in during the winter evenings to hear Jesus play upon the harp, to listen to his stories (for the lad was a master storyteller), and to hear him read from the Greek scriptures....
P.1389 - 1

 

Surely the angels were there gathered, listening and enjoying along with the humans.

 

***

 

 

No doubt the loss of their father left a gigantic hole in their lives, emotional and financial. And of course the pain of never having a chance to say goodbye always lingers in the heart of a loved one:

...Joseph was gone. Joseph was an unusual husband and father, and they all missed him. And it seemed all the more tragic to think that he died ere they could speak to him or hear his farewell blessing....
P.1389 - 3

 

 

In tomorrow's reading, part 1 of Section 3: THE FIFTEENTH YEAR (A.D. 9), Joshua welcomes his last blood sibling, Ruth, to the family. He creates the "Lord's Prayer" and adopts an official title after reading about Enoch.

 

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

Overview of Paper 126.
The Two Crucial Years

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

***

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P.1388 - §5 As the years passed, this young carpenter of Nazareth increasingly measured every institution of society and every usage of religion by the unvarying test: What does it do for the human soul? does it bring God to man? does it bring man to God?

 

A very profound standard of measure for a very young man to have developed.

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[in a divine sense, this 'apparent' accident ensured Jesus would be tested in the ways we all are, and probably many more since he didn't have the solace or comfort of marriage. He had to become brother, husband and father at the unripe age of 14 years and one month.

 

So, did the hand of Providence swoop down and kill Joseph in order to give Jesus the experiences necessary to fulfill his mission to replete perfection? It certainly worked out well in the cosmic sense. And it must be noted that Jesus didn't seem overly or adversely affected by his father's unexpected demise. Perhaps he saw an inevitability about this accident?] Rick's thoughts

 

Dear Rick,

 

An excellent question and answer. I have often played out the same thoughts on the death of Joseph.

 

Thank you for your insight, :wub:

 

Carolyn

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Hi Rick and Carolyn;

 

There is another way to view this; Instead of the hand of Providence swooping down and killing Joseph; maybe the hand of Providence simply held back any attempts being made to spare Joseph from this life ending accident.

 

And maybe this "accident" (which killed his earth father) was foreseen by Michael before he came to Urantia and incarnated as a baby born to Joseph and Mary.

 

The Urantia Book tells us that it was known for many thousands of years, before Jesus was born here, that Michael would be coming here for his 7th Bestowal.

 

And in the part where the UB shares "Morantia Mota" there is a piece which says; "the are no unforeseen accidents in the cosmos"

 

Menno

Edited by menno
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Thank you, Carolyn. We could have a similar discussion about his death, eh?

 

Yeah, Menno. In another place we read:

 

...Most of what a mortal would call providential is not; his judgment of such matters is very handicapped by lack of farsighted vision into the true meanings of the circumstances of life....
(1305:4) 118:10.9

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 126 - THE TWO CRUCIAL YEARS

 

 

3. THE FIFTEENTH YEAR (A.D. 9)

 

 

[Part 1 of 2]

 

 

P.1389 - §4 By the middle of this fifteenth year--and we are reckoning time in accordance with the twentieth-century calendar, not by the Jewish year--Jesus had taken a firm grasp upon the management of his family. Before this year had passed, their savings had about disappeared, and they were face to face with the necessity of disposing of one of the Nazareth houses which Joseph and his neighbor Jacob owned in partnership.

 

P.1389 - §5 On Wednesday evening, April 17, A.D. 9, Ruth, the baby of the family, was born, and to the best of his ability Jesus endeavored to take the place of his father in comforting and ministering to his mother during this trying and peculiarly sad ordeal. For almost a score of years (until he began his public ministry) no father could have loved and nurtured his daughter any more affectionately and faithfully than Jesus cared for little Ruth. And he was an equally good father to all the other members of his family.

 

 

P.1389 - §6 During this year Jesus first formulated the prayer which he subsequently taught to his apostles, and which to many has become known as "The Lord's Prayer." In a way it was an evolution of the family altar; they had many forms of praise and several formal prayers. After his father's death Jesus tried to teach the older children to express themselves individually in prayer--much as he so enjoyed doing--but they could not grasp his thought and would invariably fall back upon their memorized prayer forms. It was in this effort to stimulate his older brothers and sisters to say individual prayers that Jesus would endeavor to lead them along by suggestive phrases, and presently, without intention on his part, it developed that they were all using a form of prayer which was largely built up from these suggestive lines which Jesus had taught them.

 

P.1389 - §7 At last Jesus gave up the idea of having each member of the family formulate spontaneous prayers, and one evening in October he sat down by the little squat lamp on the low stone table, and, on a piece of smooth cedar board about eighteen inches square, with a piece of charcoal he wrote out the prayer which became from that time on the standard family petition.

 

 

P.1389 - §8 This year Jesus was much troubled with confused thinking. Family responsibility had quite effectively removed all thought of immediately carrying out any plan for responding to the Jerusalem visitation directing him to "be about his Father's business." Jesus rightly reasoned that the watchcare of his earthly father's family must take precedence of all duties; that the support of his family must become his first obligation.

 

 

P.1390 - §1 In the course of this year Jesus found a passage in the so-called Book of Enoch which influenced him in the later adoption of the term "Son of Man" as a designation for his bestowal mission on Urantia. He had thoroughly considered the idea of the Jewish Messiah and was firmly convinced that he was not to be that Messiah. He longed to help his father's people, but he never expected to lead Jewish armies in overthrowing the foreign domination of Palestine. He knew he would never sit on the throne of David at Jerusalem. Neither did he believe that his mission was that of a spiritual deliverer or moral teacher solely to the Jewish people. In no sense, therefore, could his life mission be the fulfillment of the intense longings and supposed Messianic prophecies of the Hebrew scriptures; at least, not as the Jews understood these predictions of the prophets. Likewise he was certain he was never to appear as the Son of Man depicted by the Prophet Daniel.

 

P.1390 - §2 But when the time came for him to go forth as a world teacher, what would he call himself? What claim should he make concerning his mission? By what name would he be called by the people who would become believers in his teachings?

 

 

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings Menno, Carolyn, NelsonG, JR, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors :D

...we are reckoning time in accordance with the twentieth-century calendar, not by the Jewish year.... P.1389 - 4

 

About the Jewish year:

 

The Hebrew calendar is a lunisolar calendar, meaning that months are based on lunar months, but years are based on solar years. The calendar year features twelve lunar months of twenty-nine or thirty days, with an intercalary lunar month added periodically to synchronize the twelve lunar cycles with the longer solar year. (These extra months are added seven times every nineteen years. See Leap months, below.) The beginning of each Jewish lunar month is based on the appearance of the new moon. Although originally the new lunar crescent had to be observed and certified by witnesses, the moment of the new moon is now approximated arithmetically.

 

 

Source/More

 

Evidently there were well respected property rights in Palestine during Jesus' time:

...they were face to face with the necessity of disposing of one of the Nazareth houses which Joseph and his neighbor Jacob owned in partnership.... P.1389 - 4

 

This Jacob was introduced in Paper 123:6:

...Jesus listened attentively, talked with Joseph, Mary, and a neighbor, Jacob the stone mason, whose son was his favorite playmate.... P.1365 - 4

 

***

 

Surely the whole family felt an acute sadness about Joseph's absence, and it was most acutely felt when Joshua's 8th and last sibling arrived:

...On Wednesday evening, April 17, A.D. 9, Ruth, the baby of the family, was born....
P.1389 - 5

 

 

Previous birth dates:

...the birth of the second child, James, in the early morning hours of April 2, 3 B.C.... P.1357 - 2

 

...In this year, 2 B.C...Miriam, who was born on the night of July 11.... P.1357 - 7

 

...Joseph, was born Wednesday morning, March 16, A.D. 1.... P.1362 - 1

 

...Simon, was born on Friday evening, April 14, of this year, A.D. 2.... P.1365 - 2

 

...Martha, was born Thursday night, September 13 [A.D. 3].... P.1367 - 3

 

...On Wednesday evening, June 24, A.D. 5, Jude was born.... P.1370 - 2

 

...On Sunday night, January 9, A.D. 7, his baby brother, Amos, was born.... P.1373 - 2

 

***

 

 

From today's reading:

...During this year Jesus first formulated the prayer which he subsequently taught to his apostles, and which to many has become known as "The Lord's Prayer...."
P.1389 - 6

 

From the Bible's New Testament:

 

Matthew 6:9-13 "After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen."

 

 

 

***

 

This visitation cited in today's reading:

...the Jerusalem visitation directing him to "be about his Father's business...."
P.1389 - 8

 

...was first cited in Paper 124:6:

...for the first time in his earth career, there appeared to him an assigned messenger from Salvington, commissioned by Immanuel, who said: "The hour has come. It is time that you began to be about your Father's business...."
P.1376 - 1

 

 

***

 

This decision to support his family and delay his world mission (and universe career!) to care for them reveals the divine attitude about the primary importance and over-riding significance of family:

...Jesus rightly reasoned that the watchcare of his earthly father's family must take precedence of all duties; that the support of his family must become his first obligation....
P.1376 - 1

 

***

 

From today's reading:

...In the course of this year Jesus found a passage in the so-called Book of Enoch which influenced him in the later adoption of the term "Son of Man...."
P.1390 - 1

 

The Book of Enoch (also 1 Enoch) is an ancient Jewish religious work, traditionally ascribed to Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah. It is not part of the biblical canon as used by Jews, apart from Beta Israel. It is regarded as canonical by the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, but no other Christian group.

 

Source/More

 

The expression "the Son of Man" occurs 81 times in the four Canonical gospels, and is used only in the sayings of Jesus.[2] However, the use of the definite article in "the Son of Man" in the gospels is novel, and before its use there, there are no records of its use in any of the surviving Greek documents of antiquity.

 

...The first known use of "The Son of Man" as a title in Jewish writings comes from the book of 1 Enoch and its use played a role in the early Christian understanding and use of the title.

 

Source/More

 

 

***

 

About the Jewish Messiah concept, from today's reading:

 

...He had thoroughly considered the idea of the Jewish Messiah and was firmly convinced that he was not to be that Messiah....
P.1390 - 1

 

The literal translation of the Hebrew word moshiach (messiah) is “anointed,” which refers to a ritual of consecrating someone or something by putting holy oil upon it.[1 Sam. 10:1-2] It is used throughout the Hebrew Bible in reference to a wide variety of individuals and objects; for example, a Jewish king,[1 Kings 1:39] Jewish priests,[Lev. 4:3] and prophets,[Isa. 61:1] the Jewish Temple and its utensils,[Ex. 40:9-11] unleavened bread,[Num. 6:15] and a non-Jewish king (Cyrus king of Persia).[Isa. 45:1]

 

In Jewish eschatology, the term came to refer to a future Jewish king from the Davidic line, who will be "anointed" with holy anointing oiland rule the Jewish people during the Messianic Age. The Messiah is not considered to be God or a Son of God. Belief in the eventual coming of a future messiah is a fundamental part of Judaism, and is one of Maimonides' 13 Principles of Faith.[8]

 

Maimonides describes the identity of the Messiah in the following terms:

And if a king shall arise from among the House of David, studying Torah and occupied with commandments like his father David, according to the written and oral Torah, and he will impel all of Israel to follow it and to strengthen breaches in its observance, and will fight Hashem's [God's] wars, this one is to be treated as if he were the anointed one. If he succeeded and built the
Holy Temple
in its proper place and gathered the dispersed ones of Israel together, this is indeed the anointed one for certain, and he will mend the entire world to worship the Lord together, as it is stated: "For then I shall turn for the nations a clear tongue, so that they will all proclaim the Name of the Lord, and to worship Him with a united resolve (Zephaniah 3:9)."

 

A common modern rabbinic interpretation is that there is a potential messiah in every generation. The Talmud, which often uses stories to make a moral point (aggadah), tells of a highly respected rabbi who found the Messiah at the gates of Rome and asked him, "When will you finally come?" He was quite surprised when he was told, "Today." Overjoyed and full of anticipation, the man waited all day. The next day he returned, disappointed and puzzled, and asked, "You said messiah would come 'today' but he didn't come! What happened?" The Messiah replied, "Scripture says, 'Today, 'if you will but hearken to His voice.'"[Ps. 95:7]

 

A Kabbalistic tradition within Judaism is that the commonly-discussed messiah who will usher in a period of freedom and peace (Messiah ben David) will be preceded by Messiah ben Joseph, who will die sacrificing himself while uniting all of Israel in preparing the world for the arrival of Messiah ben David.

 

Source/More

 

***

 

 

 

...Likewise he was certain he was never to appear as the Son of Man depicted by the Prophet Daniel....
P.1390 - 1

 

From Chapter 7 to the end of the book of Daniel, an apocalyptic vision is being described, supposedly from the perspective of Daniel.This marks a change in the narrative from Daniel interpreting to messengers of God interpreting for Daniel. Daniel dreams of four beasts that come out of the sea: a lion with eagles wings, a bear with three tusks, a leopard with four wings and four heads, and a beast with iron teeth, ten horns and one little horn and human eyes.(Daniel 7:4-8) These beasts are all present at a convening of the divine counsel.

 

Presiding over the counsel is the Ancient of Days, which may, in fact, be the Israelite God. The Ancient One proceeds to put to death the beast with the one little horn. (Daniel 7:9-11) Daniel also describes the fates of the other beasts saying that while their dominion was taken away, their lives were prolonged. (Daniel 7:12) This introduction leads into a series of dreams and visions where these events are expressed in greater detail.

 

Source/More

 

From the Bible's Old Testament:

 

Daniel 7:13-14"I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed."

 

 

 

***

 

 

...By what name would he be called by the people who would become believers in his teachings?
P.1390 - 2

 

It's hard to say when or how Joshua became Jesus. Maybe the Hebrew name Yo-shu-wa was too foreign and difficult, so it simply morphed over time. During his day, most called him teacher, rabbi, and master. But in truth, he is friend to all. From Paper 180:1:

"...You have called me Master, but I do not call you servants. If you will only love one another as I am loving you, you shall be my friends, and I will ever speak to you of that which the Father reveals to me...."
P.1944 - 6

 

 

In tomorrow's reading, part 2 of Section 3: THE FIFTEENTH YEAR (A.D. 9), young Josh entertains many of his own ideas, and the truth or error in certain prophetic statements from his predecessors. And he begins to think deeply about a cohesive plan on how exactly to "be about his Father's business".

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

 

Overview of Paper 126.
The Two Crucial Years

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

***

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 126 - THE TWO CRUCIAL YEARS

 

 

3. THE FIFTEENTH YEAR (A.D. 9)

 

 

[Part 2 of 2]

 

 

P.1390 - §3 While turning all these problems over in his mind, he found in the synagogue library at Nazareth, among the apocalyptic books which he had been studying, this manuscript called "The Book of Enoch"; and though he was certain that it had not been written by Enoch of old, it proved very intriguing to him, and he read and reread it many times. There was one passage which particularly impressed him, a passage in which this term "Son of Man" appeared. The writer of this so-called Book of Enoch went on to tell about this Son of Man, describing the work he would do on earth and explaining that this Son of Man, before coming down on this earth to bring salvation to mankind, had walked through the courts of heavenly glory with his Father, the Father of all; and that he had turned his back upon all this grandeur and glory to come down on earth to proclaim salvation to needy mortals. As Jesus would read these passages (well understanding that much of the Eastern mysticism which had become admixed with these teachings was erroneous), he responded in his heart and recognized in his mind that of all the Messianic predictions of the Hebrew scriptures and of all the theories about the Jewish deliverer, none was so near the truth as this story tucked away in this only partially accredited Book of Enoch; and he then and there decided to adopt as his inaugural title "the Son of Man." And this he did when he subsequently began his public work. Jesus had an unerring ability for the recognition of truth, and truth he never hesitated to embrace, no matter from what source it appeared to emanate.

 

P.1390 - §4 By this time he had quite thoroughly settled many things about his forthcoming work for the world, but he said nothing of these matters to his mother, who still held stoutly to the idea of his being the Jewish Messiah.

 

P.1390 - §5 The great confusion of Jesus' younger days now arose. Having settled something about the nature of his mission on earth, "to be about his Father's business"--to show forth his Father's loving nature to all mankind--he began to ponder anew the many statements in the Scriptures referring to the coming of a national deliverer, a Jewish teacher or king. To what event did these prophecies refer? Was not he a Jew? or was he? Was he or was he not of the house of David? His mother averred he was; his father had ruled that he was not. He decided he was not. But had the prophets confused the nature and mission of the Messiah?

 

P.1391 - §1 After all, could it be possible that his mother was right? In most matters, when differences of opinion had arisen in the past, she had been right. If he were a new teacher and not the Messiah, then how should he recognize the Jewish Messiah if such a one should appear in Jerusalem during the time of his earth mission; and, further, what should be his relation to this Jewish Messiah? And what should be his relation, after embarking on his life mission, to his family? to the Jewish commonwealth and religion? to the Roman Empire? to the gentiles and their religions? Each of these momentous problems this young Galilean turned over in his mind and seriously pondered while he continued to work at the carpenter's bench, laboriously making a living for himself, his mother, and eight other hungry mouths.

 

 

P.1391 - §2 Before the end of this year Mary saw the family funds diminishing. She turned the sale of doves over to James. Presently they bought a second cow, and with the aid of Miriam they began the sale of milk to their Nazareth neighbors.

 

 

P.1391 - §3 His profound periods of meditation, his frequent journeys to the hilltop for prayer, and the many strange ideas which Jesus advanced from time to time, thoroughly alarmed his mother. Sometimes she thought the lad was beside himself, and then she would steady her fears, remembering that he was, after all, a child of promise and in some manner different from other youths.

 

P.1391 - §4 But Jesus was learning not to speak of all his thoughts, not to present all his ideas to the world, not even to his own mother. From this year on, Jesus' disclosures about what was going on in his mind steadily diminished; that is, he talked less about those things which an average person could not grasp, and which would lead to his being regarded as peculiar or different from ordinary folks. To all appearances he became commonplace and conventional, though he did long for someone who could understand his problems. He craved a trustworthy and confidential friend, but his problems were too complex for his human associates to comprehend. The uniqueness of the unusual situation compelled him to bear his burdens alone.

 

 

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings Alina, Carolyn, NelsonG, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors,

...this manuscript called "The Book of Enoch"...There was one passage which particularly impressed him, a passage in which this term "Son of Man" appeared.... P.1390 - 3

 

A man named Enoch was the first human to translate while on Urantia. This name and/or his book are cited in five paragraphs of the UB. Two of them are in today's reading. The other three are:

...
Enoch
, the first of the mortals of Urantia to fuse with the Thought Adjuster during the mortal life in the flesh....
P.514 - 3 (45:4)

 

...Cain married Remona, his distant cousin,
and their first son, Enoch, became the head of the Elamite Nodites.
And for hundreds of years the Elamites and the Adamites continued to be at peace.... P.849 - 3 (76:2)

 

...And this was the great stumbling block of Jesus' early disciples. They grasped the human concept of the Messiah as the son of David, as presented by the earlier prophets; as the Son of Man, the superhuman idea of Daniel and some of the later prophets; and even as the Son of God,
as depicted by the author of the Book of Enoch and by certain of his contemporaries
; but never had they for a single moment entertained the true concept of the union in one earth personality of the two natures, the human and the divine....
P.1510 - 3 (136:1)

 

 

The Books of Enoch (Watchers & Parables) didn't make it into the Bible, perhaps for the reason cited in today's reading (and some scholars think they were rejected because of references to "fallen angels" and predictions of Christ's coming):

...As Jesus would read these passages (well understanding that much of the Eastern mysticism which had become admixed with these teachings was erroneous)....
P.1390 - 3

 

The Midwayers tell us Jesus realized Enoch didn't write what is attributed to him. But they don't say who did write it (perhaps a series of authors?):

...this manuscript called "The Book of Enoch"; and though he was certain that it had not been written by Enoch of old, it proved very intriguing to him, and he read and reread it many times....
P.1390 - 3

 

***

 

There were two Enochs in the Bible's Old Testament:

 

According to the Book of Genesis, Enoch was a son of Cain, grandson of Adam, and father of Irad. After Cain arrived in the Land of Nod, to which he was evicted by the lord as his punishment for murdering his brother Abel, his wife got pregnant and bore Cain's first child, which he named Enoch. The city Cain founded in the Land of Nod was named after his son. (Genesis 4:17)

 

Not to be confused with the Enoch who was an ancestor of Noah (Genesis 5:18).

 

Source

 

The Book of Enoch was considered as Scripture in the Epistle of Barnabas (16:4) and by many of the early Church Fathers, such as Athenagoras, Clement of Alexandria, Irenaeus and Tertullian, who wrote c. 200 that the Book of Enoch had been rejected by the Jews because it contained prophecies pertaining to Christ. However, later Fathers denied the canonicity of the book, and some even considered the letter of Jude uncanonical because it refers to an "apocryphal" work.

 

By the 4th century, the Book of Enoch was mostly excluded from Christian canons, and it is now regarded as scripture by only the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and the Eritrean Orthodox Church.

 

460px-P._Chester_Beatty_XII%2C_leaf_3%2C_verso.jpg

Chester Beatty XII, Greek manuscript of the Book of Enoch, 4th century

 

The generation of Enoch scholarship from 1890 to World War I was dominated by Robert Henry Charles. His 1893 translation and commentary of the Ethiopic text already represented an important advancement, as it was based on ten additional manuscripts. In 1906 R.H. Charles published a new critical edition of the Ethiopic text, using 23 Ethiopic manuscripts and all available sources at his time. The English translation of the reconstructed text appeared in 1912, and the same year in his collection of The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament.

 

The publication, in the early 1950s, of the first Aramaic fragments of 1 Enoch among the Dead Sea Scrolls profoundly changed the study of the document, as it provided evidence of its antiquity and original text. The official edition of all Enoch fragments appeared in 1976, by Jozef Milik.

 

In 1978 a new edition of the Ethiopic text was edited by Michael Knibb, with an English translation, while a new commentary appeared in 1985 by Matthew Black. The renewed interest in 1 Enoch spawned a number of other translations: in Hebrew (A. Kahana, 1956), Danish (Hammershaimb, 1956), Italian (Fusella, 1981), Spanish (1982), French (Caquot, 1984) and other modern languages.

 

In 2001 George W.E. Nickelsburg published the first volume of a comprehensive commentary on 1 Enoch in the Hermeneia series.[47]Since the year 2000, the Enoch seminar has devoted several meetings to the Enoch literature and has become the center of a lively debate concerning the hypothesis that the Enoch literature attests the presence of an autonomous non-Mosaic tradition of dissent in Second Temple Judaism.

 

Text/Image Source/More

 

The Book of Enoch is available here. These chapters' excerpts contain at least some of what Jesus read, about the "Son of Man":

 

 

CHAPTER XLVI.

...And I asked the angel who went with me and showed me all the hidden things, concerning that
Son of Man
, who he was, and whence he was, (and) why he went with the Head of Days? And he answered and said unto me:

 

This is the
son of Man
who hath righteousness,

With whom dwelleth righteousness,

And who revealeth all the treasures of that which is hidden,

Because the Lord of Spirits hath chosen him,

And whose lot hath the pre-eminence before the Lord of Spirits in uprightness for ever.

4, And this
Son of Man
whom thou hast seen

Shall †raise up† the kings and the mighty from their seats,

[
And the strong from their thrones
]

 

 

XLVIII. The Fount of Righteousness; the Son of Man--the Stay of the Righteous: Judgement of the Kings and the Mighty.

 

CHAPTER XLVIII.

 

1. And in that place I saw the fountain of righteousness

Which was inexhaustible:

And around it were many fountains of wisdom;

And all the thirsty drank of them,

And were filled with wisdom,

And their dwellings were with the righteous and holy and elect.

2. And at that hour that
Son of Man
was named In the presence of the Lord of Spirits,

And his name before the Head of Days.

 

CHAPTER LXII.

1. And thus the Lord commanded the kings and the mighty and the exalted, and those who dwell on the earth, and said: 'Open your eyes and lift up your horns if ye are able to recognize the Elect One.'

2. And the Lord of Spirits seated him on the throne of His glory,

And the spirit of righteousness was poured out upon him,

And the word of his mouth slays all the sinners,

And all the unrighteous are destroyed from before his face.

3. And there shall stand up in that day all the kings and the mighty,

And the exalted and those who hold the earth,

And they shall see and recognize How he sits on the throne of his glory,

And righteousness is judged before him,

And no lying word is spoken before him.

4. Then shall pain come upon them as on a woman in travail,

[
And she has pain in bringing forth
]

When her child enters the mouth of the womb,

And she has pain in bringing forth.

5. And one portion of them shall look on the other,

And they shall be terrified,

And they shall be downcast of countenance,

And pain shall seize them,

When they see that
Son of Man
Sitting on the throne of his glory.

6. And the kings and the mighty and all who possess the earth shall bless and glorify and extol him who rules over all, who was hidden.

7. For from the beginning the
Son of Man
was hidden,

And the Most High preserved him in the presence of His might,

And revealed him to the elect.

8. And the congregation of the elect and holy shall be sown,

And all the elect shall stand before him on that day.

9. And all the kings and the mighty and the exalted and those who rule the earth

Shall fall down before him on their faces,

And worship and set their hope upon that
Son of Man
,

And petition him and supplicate for mercy at his hands.

10. Nevertheless that Lord of Spirits will so press them

That they shall hastily go forth from His presence,

And their faces shall be filled with shame,

And the darkness grow deeper on their faces.

11. And He will deliver them to the angels for punishment,

To execute vengeance on them because they have oppressed His children and His elect

12. And they shall be a spectacle for the righteous and for His elect:

They shall rejoice over them,

Because the wrath of the Lord of Spirits resteth upon them,

And His sword is drunk with their blood.

13. And the righteous and elect shall be saved on that day,

And they shall never thenceforward see the face of the sinners and unrighteous.
p. 83

14. And the Lord of Spirits will abide over them,

And with that
Son of Man
shall they eat

And lie down and rise up for ever and ever.

 

 

[Ch. 63]...And after that their faces shall be filled with darkness

And shame before that
Son of Man
,

And they shall be driven from his presence,

And the sword shall abide before his face in their midst.

 

[Ch.69]26. And there was great joy amongst them,

And they blessed and glorified and extolled

Because the name of that
Son of Man
had been revealed unto them.

27. And he sat on the throne of his glory,

And the sum of judgement was given unto the
Son of Man
,

And he caused the sinners to pass away and be destroyed from off the face of the earth,

And those who have led the world astray.

28. With chains shall they be bound,

And in their assemblage-place of destruction shall they be imprisoned,

And all their works vanish from the face of the earth.

29. And from henceforth there shall be nothing corruptible;

For that
Son of Man
has appeared,

And has seated himself on the throne of his glory,

And all evil shall pass away before his face,

And the word of that
Son of Man
shall go forth

And be strong before the Lord of Spirits.

 

[Ch 70] ...And it came to pass after this that his name during his lifetime was raised aloft to that
Son of Man
and to the Lord of Spirits from amongst those who dwell on the earth.

 

 

[Ch 71] ...And he (
i.e.
the angel) came to me and greeted me with His voice, and said unto me:

'This is the
Son of Man
who is born unto righteousness;

And righteousness abides over him,

And the righteousness of the Head of Days forsakes him not.'

15. And he said unto me:

'He proclaims unto thee peace in the name of the world to come;

For from hence has proceeded peace since the creation of the world,

And so shall it be unto thee for ever and for ever and ever.

16. And all shall walk in his ways since righteousness never forsaketh him:

With him will be their dwelling-places, and with him their heritage,

And they shall not be separated from him for ever and ever and ever.

17. And so there shall be length of days with that
Son of Man
,

And the righteous shall have peace and an upright way

In the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.'

 

Source/More

 

***

 

It must have been quite lonely at times for young Jesus. There were no humans who could help or enlighten him. At 14 he was already well beyond the limited human understanding of that day. But proof that he experienced confusion is in this statement:

...If he were a new teacher and not the Messiah, then how should he recognize the Jewish Messiah if such a one should appear in Jerusalem during the time of his earth mission?
P.1391 - 1

 

 

In tomorrow's reading, Section 4: FIRST SERMON IN THE SYNAGOGUE Jesus impresses the townspeople with the scriptures he chooses, and even more so with the 'sincere and earnest' way he presents them.

 

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

Overview of Paper 126.
The Two Crucial Years

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

***

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 126 - THE TWO CRUCIAL YEARS

 

 

4. FIRST SERMON IN THE SYNAGOGUE

 

 

P.1391 - §5 With the coming of his fifteenth birthday, Jesus could officially occupy the synagogue pulpit on the Sabbath day. Many times before, in the absence of speakers, Jesus had been asked to read the Scriptures, but now the day had come when, according to law, he could conduct the service. Therefore on the first Sabbath after his fifteenth birthday the chazan arranged for Jesus to conduct the morning service of the synagogue. And when all the faithful in Nazareth had assembled, the young man, having made his selection of Scriptures, stood up and began to read:

 

 

P.1391 - §6 "The spirit of the Lord God is upon me, for the Lord has anointed me; he has sent me to bring good news to the meek, to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and to set the spiritual prisoners free; to proclaim the year of God's favor and the day of our God's reckoning; to comfort all mourners, to give them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy in the place of mourning, a song of praise instead of the spirit of sorrow, that they may be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, wherewith he may be glorified.

 

P.1392 - §1 "Seek good and not evil that you may live, and so the Lord, the God of hosts, shall be with you. Hate the evil and love the good; establish judgment in the gate. Perhaps the Lord God will be gracious to the remnant of Joseph.

 

P.1392 - §2 "Wash yourselves, make yourselves clean; put away the evil of your doings from before my eyes; cease to do evil and learn to do good; seek justice, relieve the oppressed. Defend the fatherless and plead for the widow.

 

P.1392 - §3 "Wherewith shall I come before the Lord, to bow myself before the Lord of all the earth? Shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves a year old? Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams, ten thousands of sheep, or with rivers of oil? Shall I give my first-born for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul? No! for the Lord has showed us, O men, what is good. And what does the Lord require of you but to deal justly, love mercy, and walk humbly with your God?

 

P.1392 - §4 "To whom, then, will you liken God who sits upon the circle of the earth? Lift up your eyes and behold who has created all these worlds, who brings forth their host by number and calls them all by their names. He does all these things by the greatness of his might, and because he is strong in power, not one fails. He gives power to the weak, and to those who are weary he increases strength. Fear not, for I am with you; be not dismayed, for I am your God. I will strengthen you and I will help you; yes, I will uphold you with the right hand of my righteousness, for I am the Lord your God. And I will hold your right hand, saying to you, fear not, for I will help you.

 

P.1392 - §5 "And you are my witness, says the Lord, and my servant whom I have chosen that all may know and believe me and understand that I am the Eternal. I, even I, am the Lord, and beside me there is no savior."

 

 

P.1392 - §6 And when he had thus read, he sat down, and the people went to their homes, pondering over the words which he had so graciously read to them. Never had his townspeople seen him so magnificently solemn; never had they heard his voice so earnest and so sincere; never had they observed him so manly and decisive, so authoritative.

 

P.1392 - §7 This Sabbath afternoon Jesus climbed the Nazareth hill with James and, when they returned home, wrote out the Ten Commandments in Greek on two smooth boards in charcoal. Subsequently Martha colored and decorated these boards, and for long they hung on the wall over James's small workbench.

 

 

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Good Day Carolyn, NelsonG, Alina, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors :D

 

The Midwayers say he came before his townspeople this Sabbath day, "magnificently solemn", gracious, sincere and earnest. He's 15 now, he's heard the Father's call from Immanuel's messenger to be about his business. He's been to Jerusalem to meet the supposed masters of theology and religion. By now he's convinced no man or woman can give him counsel or lend him authority. He realizes he is a Son of man, but more especially is he a Son of God.

 

What a treat it would have been to attend his reading. Apparently he choose all the verses from Isaiah, except for one from Amos and one from Micah. Here are the scriptures he chose with the corresponding Bible scriptures (Kind James Version). As you can see the wording is not exactly parallel, but the verses are easily and certainly correlated:

 

P.1391 - 6 "The spirit of the Lord God is upon me, for the Lord has anointed me; he has sent me to bring good news to the meek, to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and to set the spiritual prisoners free; to proclaim the year of God's favor and the day of our God's reckoning; to comfort all mourners, to give them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy in the place of mourning, a song of praise instead of the spirit of sorrow, that they may be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, wherewith he may be glorified.

 

Isaiah 61:1-3 "The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn; To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified."

 

 

P.1392 - 1 "Seek good and not evil that you may live, and so the Lord, the God of hosts, shall be with you. Hate the evil and love the good; establish judgment in the gate. Perhaps the Lord God will be gracious to the remnant of Joseph.

 

Amos 5:14 & 15: Seek good, and not evil, that ye may live: and so the LORD, the God of hosts, shall be with you, as ye have spoken.Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be that the LORD God of hosts will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph.

.

 

 

P.1392 - 2 "Wash yourselves, make yourselves clean; put away the evil of your doings from before my eyes; cease to do evil and learn to do good; seek justice, relieve the oppressed. Defend the fatherless and plead for the widow.

 

Isaiah 1:16-17 "Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil; Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow."

 

 

P.1392 - 3 "Wherewith shall I come before the Lord, to bow myself before the Lord of all the earth? Shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves a year old? Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams, ten thousands of sheep, or with rivers of oil? Shall I give my first-born for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul? No! for the Lord has showed us, O men, what is good. And what does the Lord require of you but to deal justly, love mercy, and walk humbly with your God?

 

Micah 6:6-8 "Wherewith shall I come before the Lord, and bow myself before the high God? shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves of a year old? Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams, or with ten thousands of rivers of oil? shall I give my firstborn for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul? He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the Lord require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?"

 

 

P.1392 - 4 "To whom, then, will you liken God who sits upon the circle of the earth? Lift up your eyes and behold who has created all these worlds, who brings forth their host by number and calls them all by their names. He does all these things by the greatness of his might, and because he is strong in power, not one fails. He gives power to the weak, and to those who are weary he increases strength. Fear not, for I am with you; be not dismayed, for I am your God. I will strengthen you and I will help you; yes, I will uphold you with the right hand of my righteousness, for I am the Lord your God. And I will hold your right hand, saying to you, fear not, for I will help you.

 

 

Isaiah 40:18 "To whom then will ye liken God? or what likeness will ye compare unto him?"

 

Isaiah 40:26 "Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these things, that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that he is strong in power; not one faileth."

 

Isaiah 40:29 "He giveth power to the faint; and to them that have no might he increaseth strength."

 

Isaiah 41:10 "Fear thou not; for I am with thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness."

 

Isaiah 41:13 "For I the Lord thy God will hold thy right hand, saying unto thee, Fear not; I will help thee."

 

 

 

P.1392 - §5 "And you are my witness, says the Lord, and my servant whom I have chosen that all may know and believe me and understand that I am the Eternal. I, even I, am the Lord, and beside me there is no savior."

 

Isaiah 43:10-11 "Ye are my witnesses, saith the Lord, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me. I, even I, am the Lord; and beside me there is no saviour."

 

***

 

 

How did young Jesus know to select THESE verses? Sagacious intuition and divine attunement apparently. Later on he gives James this advice for discerning the truth amid faulty scripture. From Paper 159:5:

...James interrupted the Master, asking: "Would you be good enough, Master, to suggest to us how we may choose the better passages from the Scriptures for our personal edification?" And Jesus replied: "Yes, James,
when you read the Scriptures look for those eternally true and divinely beautiful teachings
, such as:

 

"Create in me a clean heart, O Lord.

 

"The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.

 

"You should love your neighbor as yourself.

 

"For I, the Lord your God, will hold your right hand, saying, fear not; I will help you.

 

"Neither shall the nations learn war any more."

 

And this is illustrative of the way Jesus, day by day, appropriated the cream of the Hebrew scriptures for the instruction of his followers and for inclusion in the teachings of the new gospel of the kingdom.... P.1769:3-9

 

There is more about both Isaiahs, Amos and Micah in Paper 97:

 

 

From 97:7:

...No prophet or religious teacher from Machiventa to the time of Jesus attained the high concept of God that Isaiah the second proclaimed during these days of the captivity. It was no small, anthropomorphic, man-made God that this spiritual leader proclaimed. "Behold he takes up the isles as a very little thing." "And as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts higher than your thoughts...."
P.1068 - 5

 

 

***

 

...when they returned home, wrote out the Ten Commandments in Greek on two smooth boards in charcoal. Subsequently Martha colored and decorated these boards, and for long they hung on the wall over James's small workbench....
P.1392 - 7

 

Decalogue_parchment_by_Jekuthiel_Sofer_1768.jpg

Source

 

 

Tomorrow's reading is the last of Paper 126. In Section 5: THE FINANCIAL STRUGGLE Jesus and family suffer from Herod's failure to pay their dead father's compensation, but they each are given a garden space, as Jesus leaves transition and confusion behind.

 

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

Overview of Paper 126.
The Two Crucial Years

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

Reader Tools, References & Links

 

Links To Previous OPAD Presentations

 

 

 

 

***

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Hi Rick;

 

I am a day late with this comment (as it pertains to yesterday's OPAD) as it is in regards to Jesus and the Book of Enoch.

 

We have a friend who is a fundamental Christian lady, and she sends us emails with attachments and videos from various Evangelists and I happened to view one of these people sharing his connections with God; and he said that he received a "message from God" where he was told to read the "Book of Enoch". This greatly surprised the evangelist as the Book of Enoch wasn't in his Bible. But he followed his directions "from God" and found such a book and found a passage which helped him with his search for Truth.

 

Just thought that it was interesting that this particular book (Book of Enoch) played a part in the studies and research of a fundamental Christian.

 

Menno.

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You're most welcome Carolyn. Glad to be able to. Fascinating stuff.

 

Hi Rick;

 

I am a day late with this comment (as it pertains to yesterday's OPAD) as it is in regards to Jesus and the Book of Enoch.

 

We have a friend who is a fundamental Christian lady, and she sends us emails with attachments and videos from various Evangelists and I happened to view one of these people sharing his connections with God; and he said that he received a "message from God" where he was told to read the "Book of Enoch". This greatly surprised the evangelist as the Book of Enoch wasn't in his Bible. But he followed his directions "from God" and found such a book and found a passage which helped him with his search for Truth.

 

Just thought that it was interesting that this particular book (Book of Enoch) played a part in the studies and research of a fundamental Christian.

 

Menno.

 

It is interesting, Menno. And another reader mentioned Enoch plays a part in modern Masonic rites. This grandson of Adam, son of Cain, his life has had a role in our evolution for 37,000 years, especially Micheal's bestowal, and now he is part of the Urantia fifth epochal revelation.

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 126 - THE TWO CRUCIAL YEARS

 

 

5. THE FINANCIAL STRUGGLE

 

 

P.1392 - §8 Gradually Jesus and his family returned to the simple life of their earlier years. Their clothes and even their food became simpler. They had plenty of milk, butter, and cheese. In season they enjoyed the produce of their garden, but each passing month necessitated the practice of greater frugality. Their breakfasts were very plain; they saved their best food for the evening meal. However, among these Jews lack of wealth did not imply social inferiority.

 

P.1392 - §9 Already had this youth well-nigh encompassed the comprehension of how men lived in his day. And how well he understood life in the home, field, and workshop is shown by his subsequent teachings, which so repletely reveal his intimate contact with all phases of human experience.

 

P.1392 - §10 The Nazareth chazan continued to cling to the belief that Jesus was to become a great teacher, probably the successor of the renowned Gamaliel at Jerusalem.

 

P.1393 - §1 Apparently all Jesus' plans for a career were thwarted. The future did not look bright as matters now developed. But he did not falter; he was not discouraged. He lived on, day by day, doing well the present duty and faithfully discharging the immediate responsibilities of his station in life. Jesus' life is the everlasting comfort of all disappointed idealists.

 

P.1393 - §2 The pay of a common day-laboring carpenter was slowly diminishing. By the end of this year Jesus could earn, by working early and late, only the equivalent of about twenty-five cents a day. By the next year they found it difficult to pay the civil taxes, not to mention the synagogue assessments and the temple tax of one-half shekel. During this year the tax collector tried to squeeze extra revenue out of Jesus, even threatening to take his harp.

 

P.1393 - §3 Fearing that the copy of the Greek scriptures might be discovered and confiscated by the tax collectors, Jesus, on his fifteenth birthday, presented it to the Nazareth synagogue library as his maturity offering to the Lord.

 

 

P.1393 - §4 The great shock of his fifteenth year came when Jesus went over to Sepphoris to receive the decision of Herod regarding the appeal taken to him in the dispute about the amount of money due Joseph at the time of his accidental death. Jesus and Mary had hoped for the receipt of a considerable sum of money when the treasurer at Sepphoris had offered them a paltry amount. Joseph's brothers had taken an appeal to Herod himself, and now Jesus stood in the palace and heard Herod decree that his father had nothing due him at the time of his death. And for such an unjust decision Jesus never again trusted Herod Antipas. It is not surprising that he once alluded to Herod as "that fox."

 

P.1393 - §5 The close work at the carpenter's bench during this and subsequent years deprived Jesus of the opportunity of mingling with the caravan passengers. The family supply shop had already been taken over by his uncle, and Jesus worked altogether in the home shop, where he was near to help Mary with the family. About this time he began sending James up to the camel lot to gather information about world events, and thus he sought to keep in touch with the news of the day.

 

P.1393 - §6 As he grew up to manhood, he passed through all those conflicts and confusions which the average young persons of previous and subsequent ages have undergone. And the rigorous experience of supporting his family was a sure safeguard against his having overmuch time for idle meditation or the indulgence of mystic tendencies.

 

 

P.1393 - §7 This was the year that Jesus rented a considerable piece of land just to the north of their home, which was divided up as a family garden plot. Each of the older children had an individual garden, and they entered into keen competition in their agricultural efforts. Their eldest brother spent some time with them in the garden each day during the season of vegetable cultivation. As Jesus worked with his younger brothers and sisters in the garden, he many times entertained the wish that they were all located on a farm out in the country where they could enjoy the liberty and freedom of an unhampered life. But they did not find themselves growing up in the country; and Jesus, being a thoroughly practical youth as well as an idealist, intelligently and vigorously attacked his problem just as he found it, and did everything within his power to adjust himself and his family to the realities of their situation and to adapt their condition to the highest possible satisfaction of their individual and collective longings.

 

P.1393 - §8 At one time Jesus faintly hoped that he might be able to gather up sufficient means, provided they could collect the considerable sum of money due his father for work on Herod's palace, to warrant undertaking the purchase of a small farm. He had really given serious thought to this plan of moving his family out into the country. But when Herod refused to pay them any of the funds due Joseph, they gave up the ambition of owning a home in the country. As it was, they contrived to enjoy much of the experience of farm life as they now had three cows, four sheep, a flock of chickens, a donkey, and a dog, in addition to the doves. Even the little tots had their regular duties to perform in the well-regulated scheme of management which characterized the home life of this Nazareth family.

 

 

P.1394 - §1 With the close of this fifteenth year Jesus completed the traversal of that dangerous and difficult period in human existence, that time of transition between the more complacent years of childhood and the consciousness of approaching manhood with its increased responsibilities and opportunities for the acquirement of advanced experience in the development of a noble character. The growth period for mind and body had ended, and now began the real career of this young man of Nazareth.

 

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings Carolyn, NelsonG, Alina, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors,

 

Life as an average early evolutionary human wouldn't have been replete without feeling the bite of poverty. Evidently the Nazareth family certainly felt it after Joseph died. Jesus even had to give up his book of Greek scriptures given to the family by relatives while they were at Alexandria. One can imagine the impudent tax collectors poking around the house for items of value.

 

$.25 per day in any time is severe impoverishment!

 

This graph seems to be saying the average person in the US in the 1930's, when the UB was getting its final edits, was making about $5,000 adjusted to year 2000 standards:

 

800px-GDP_depression.svg.png

 

The overall course of the Depression in the United States, as reflected in per-capita GDP (average income per person) shown in constant year 2000 dollars, plus some of the key events of the period.

 

Source

 

$5000 was, in the US, well below the poverty line in 2000 AD. Adjusted to 1935 standards, it would average slightly more than $500 per person. That's five or six times what Jesus made! But then, they grew much of their food, made their furniture, and raised their own animals.

 

It's distressing to see the cold, predatory nature of the tax structure of that time and place:

...By the next year they found it difficult to pay the civil taxes, not to mention the synagogue assessments and the temple tax of one-half shekel. During this year the tax collector tried to squeeze extra revenue out of Jesus, even threatening to take his harp....
P.1393 - 2

 

Half_Shekel.jpg

 

Silver shekel minted in Jerusalem in the First Jewish revolt against Rome in 68 AD Obverse: "Shekel Israel. Year 3". Reverse: "Jerusalem the Holy"

 

Shekel is any of several ancient units of weight or of currency. The first usage is from Mesopotamia around 3000 BC. Initially, it may have referred to a weight of barley. This shekel was about 180 grains (11 grams or .35 troy ounces).

 

Source/More

 

***

 

About Gamaliel:

 

 

...The Nazareth chazan continued to cling to the belief that Jesus was to become a great teacher, probably the successor of the renowned Gamaliel at Jerusalem.... P.1392 - 10

 

Gamaliel the Elder was a leading authority in the Sanhedrin in the mid-1st century CE. He was son of Simeon ben Hillel, and grandson of the great Jewish teacher Hillel the Elder, and died twenty years before the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem (70 CE). He fathered a son, whom he called Simeon, after his father, and a daughter, whose daughter (i.e., Gamaliel's granddaughter) married a priest named Simon ben Nathanael. The name Gamaliel is the Hebrew name meaning reward of God.

 

 

In the Christian tradition, Gamaliel is celebrated as a Pharisee doctor of Jewish Law. Acts of the Apostles speaks of Gamaliel as a man of great respect who spoke in favor of arrested Christian apostles and the Jewish Law teacher of Paul the Apostle.

 

...According to Acts, his authority with his contemporaries was so great that they accepted his advice, regardless of how unwelcome it was. Gamaliel's concluding argument to them had been:

 

"if it be of men, it will come to naught, but if it be of God, ye will not be able to overthrow it;

lest perhaps ye be found even to fight against God".

 

Source/More

 

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Apparently Antipas never knew, on the day of crucifixion, that he had once before ruled against Jesus' just interests:

...and now Jesus stood in the palace and heard Herod decree that his father had nothing due him at the time of his death. And for such an unjust decision Jesus never again trusted Herod Antipas. It is not surprising that he once alluded to Herod as "that fox...." P.1393 - 4

 

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The family did have a dog!

...As it was, they contrived to enjoy much of the experience of farm life as they now had three cows, four sheep, a flock of chickens, a donkey, and a dog, in addition to the doves....
P.1393 - 8

 

Can't you just see the little ones gathering eggs, leading the donkey, and tending the sheep? :)

...Even the little tots had their regular duties to perform in the well-regulated scheme of management which characterized the home life of this Nazareth family....
P.1393 - 8

 

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The "dangerous" transition period of youth is over for Jesus, but not all the difficulties. He will now have to earn the right of universe sovereignty. What lay ahead is 15 years of work and the gathering of those final experiences that prepare our young hero for a few years of ministry that change Nebadon and Urantia for the better for all times. Tomorrow's reading is the introduction to Paper 127: THE ADOLESCENT YEARS

 

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

Overview of Paper 126.
The Two Crucial Years

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

Reader Tools, References & Links

 

Links To Previous OPAD Presentations

 

 

 

 

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