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PAPER 134 - THE TRANSITION YEARS

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Today's Presentation:


PAPER 134 - THE TRANSITION YEARS
[introduction]
P.1483 - §1 During the Mediterranean journey Jesus had carefully studied the people he met and the countries through which he passed, and at about this time he reached his final decision as to the remainder of his life on earth. He had fully considered and now finally approved the plan which provided that he be born of Jewish parents in Palestine, and he therefore deliberately returned to Galilee to await the beginning of his lifework as a public teacher of truth; he began to lay plans for a public career in the land of his father Joseph's people, and he did this of his own free will.
P.1483 - §2 Jesus had found out through personal and human experience that Palestine was the best place in all the Roman world wherein to set forth the closing chapters, and to enact the final scenes, of his life on earth. For the first time he became fully satisfied with the program of openly manifesting his true nature and of revealing his divine identity among the Jews and gentiles of his native Palestine. He definitely decided to finish his life on earth and to complete his career of mortal existence in the same land in which he entered the human experience as a helpless babe. His Urantia career began among the Jews in Palestine, and he chose to terminate his life in Palestine and among the Jews.



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[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]
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Good Sunday, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors!

 

...Jesus had found out through personal and human experience that Palestine was the best place in all the Roman world wherein to set forth the closing chapters, and to enact the final scenes, of his life on earth.... P.1483 - 2

 

1-Palestine-Map.jpg

Map Source

 

 

Welcome friends, to the opening presentation of Paper 134, yet another Paper full of hitherto unknown facts about the travels and teachings of Jesus prior to his public ministry. All but one of the Papers in Part IV (121-196) were written by a Midwayer Commission. Midwayers are our spirit cousins, 10,992 non-corporeal beings who are permanent residents, and our invisible caretakers, living with us here on Urantia.

 

134 is twelve pages long and has nine Sections:

 

Overview of Paper 134. The Transition Years

1. The Thirtieth Year (A.D. 24)

2. The Caravan Trip to the Caspian

3. The Urmia Lectures

4. Sovereignty — Divine and Human

5. Political Sovereignty

6. Law, Liberty, and Sovereignty

7. The Thirty-First Year (A.D. 25)

8. The Sojourn on Mount Hermon

9. The Time of Waiting

Acting under the supervision of a commission of twelve members of the United Brotherhood of Urantia Midwayers, conjointly sponsored by the presiding head of our order and the Melchizedek of record, I am the secondary midwayer of onetime attachment to the Apostle Andrew, and I am authorized to place on record the narrative of the life transactions of Jesus of Nazareth as they were observed by my order of earth creatures, and as they were subsequently partially recorded by the human subject of my temporal guardianship.... P.1332 - 1

 

 

Synopsis of Paper 134:

 

After spending a few months visiting with his family in Nazareth, Jesus worked for a year as a driver on a caravan traveling to the Caspian Sea. During this trip he visited an amphitheater in Urmia that was used as a temple of the philosophy of religions.

Teachers at this temple represented over thirty religions and religious cults, all of which believed in a supreme Deity.

On Jesus' journey home from the Caspian Sea, he gave a series of lectures in Urmia about the kingdom of God and the kingdoms of men. Jesus taught that the kingdom of heaven is neither material nor intellectual, but rather a spiritual relationship between man and God. Religious peace-brotherhood-will not exist until all religions surrender ecclesiastical authority and accept God alone as spiritual sovereign.

He discussed how political sovereignty arrives from the surrender of self-determinism; first by the individual to the family, then the family to the clan, and then to the tribe and the state. Patriotism makes the evolution of a government of all mankind difficult.

Jesus said that confederations of nations may reduce conflicts, but war will continue until the world government is created. War is not a disease, but a symptom of the disease of national sovereignty. The problem of war cannot be solved by armaments or disarmaments; men will continue fighting with fists and stones as long as they cling to the delusion of the right of national sovereignty.

He taught that mortals cannot live together in peace without becoming subservient to laws that grant each person a degree of freedom while safeguarding an equal amount of freedom for others. The political sovereignty of a representative government of humankind will bring lasting peace on earth, and spiritual brotherhood will forever insure good will among people. This is the only way that peace on earth and good will among men can be realized.

The following year, Jesus' family moved to Capernaum. After visiting their new home, Jesus traveled much of the year through Palestine and Syria. He spent six weeks on Mount Hermon, communing with the Father and consecrating himself to the remainder of his life's work. During this period of isolation Jesus became absolutely assured of the ascendancy of his divine nature.

Near the end of this time on the mountain Jesus requested a conference with the rebels of Satania. Satan and Calagastia, emissaries of Lucifer, suggested many compromises and proposals. Jesus responded by saying that they had already spurned his mercy; he committed them to the judgment of the Ancients of Days. The Lucifer rebellion was settled.

When Jesus came down from Mount Hermon he met with his family again in Capernaum, and then traveled to Jerusalem with John Zebedee for three weeks. After this holiday he returned to Zebedee's workshop, saying, "It behooves me to keep busy while I wait for my hour to come." Jesus worked until January with his brother John, building boats.

 

 

 

Source

 

 

 

In tomorrow's reading: Section 1. The Thirtieth Year (A.D. 24), Jesus returns from Mesopotamia (Ur and Babylon) to his homeland for a brief visit before accepting another work assignment (caravan master), one that took him away for a year.

 

 

Thanks for reading. Members' thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. These daily presentations also appear on UAI's new home on the Web, with a vast social network, a host of new features, and many, many study tools and aids. NEW WEBSITE

 

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

 

 

 

***

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Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 134 - THE TRANSITION YEARS
1. THE THIRTIETH YEAR (A.D. 24)
P.1483 - §3 After taking leave of Gonod and Ganid at Charax (in December of A.D. 23), Jesus returned by way of Ur to Babylon, where he joined a desert caravan that was on its way to Damascus. From Damascus he went to Nazareth, stopping only a few hours at Capernaum, where he paused to call on Zebedee's family. There he met his brother James, who had sometime previously come over to work in his place in Zebedee's boatshop. After talking with James and Jude (who also chanced to be in Capernaum) and after turning over to his brother James the little house which John Zebedee had managed to buy, Jesus went on to Nazareth.
P.1483 - §4 At the end of his Mediterranean journey Jesus had received sufficient money to meet his living expenses almost up to the time of the beginning of his public ministry. But aside from Zebedee of Capernaum and the people whom he met on this extraordinary trip, the world never knew that he made this journey. His family always believed that he spent this time in study at Alexandria. Jesus never confirmed these beliefs, neither did he make open denial of such misunderstandings.
P.1483 - §5 During his stay of a few weeks at Nazareth, Jesus visited with his family and friends, spent some time at the repair shop with his brother Joseph, but devoted most of his attention to Mary and Ruth. Ruth was then nearly fifteen years old, and this was Jesus' first opportunity to have long talks with her since she had become a young woman.
P.1484 - §1 Both Simon and Jude had for some time wanted to get married, but they had disliked to do this without Jesus' consent; accordingly they had postponed these events, hoping for their eldest brother's return. Though they all regarded James as the head of the family in most matters, when it came to getting married, they wanted the blessing of Jesus. So Simon and Jude were married at a double wedding in early March of this year, A.D. 24. All the older children were now married; only Ruth, the youngest, remained at home with Mary.
P.1484 - §2 Jesus visited with the individual members of his family quite normally and naturally, but when they were all together, he had so little to say that they remarked about it among themselves. Mary especially was disconcerted by this unusually peculiar behavior of her first-born son.
P.1484 - §3 About the time Jesus was preparing to leave Nazareth, the conductor of a large caravan which was passing through the city was taken violently ill, and Jesus, being a linguist, volunteered to take his place. Since this trip would necessitate his absence for a year, and inasmuch as all his brothers were married and his mother was living at home with Ruth, Jesus called a family conference at which he proposed that his mother and Ruth go to Capernaum to live in the home which he had so recently given to James. Accordingly, a few days after Jesus left with the caravan, Mary and Ruth moved to Capernaum, where they lived for the rest of Mary's life in the home that Jesus had provided. Joseph and his family moved into the old Nazareth home.
P.1484 - §4 This was one of the more unusual years in the inner experience of the Son of Man; great progress was made in effecting working harmony between his human mind and the indwelling Adjuster. The Adjuster had been actively engaged in reorganizing the thinking and in rehearsing the mind for the great events which were in the not then distant future. The personality of Jesus was preparing for his great change in attitude toward the world. These were the in-between times, the transition stage of that being who began life as God appearing as man, and who was now making ready to complete his earth career as man appearing as God.




***







[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings Carolyn, Raymond, NelsonG, Alina, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors,

 

From today's reading:

 

...After taking leave of Gonod and Ganid at Charax (in December of A.D. 23), Jesus returned by way of Ur to Babylon, where he joined a desert caravan that was on its way to Damascus.... P.1483 - 3

 

Looks like a five or six hundred mile journey:

 

mapane.jpg

 

Map Source

 

***

 

Curious isn't it, that his mother, siblings and friends didn't quiz him about where he had been? Maybe they did and he avoided answering directly:

 

...His family always believed that he spent this time in study at Alexandria. Jesus never confirmed these beliefs, neither did he make open denial of such misunderstandings.... P.1483 - 4

 

Visiting family and friends must have been a refreshing break from travel for this now well seasoned 'Son of Man'. However he didn't say much or stay long. He did give his house to the family, and he gave Simon and Jude permission to marry, then took another assignment away from home:

 

...the conductor of a large caravan which was passing through the city was taken violently ill, and Jesus, being a linguist, volunteered to take his place.... P.1484 - 3

 

Amazing how he doesn't plan these excursions. The opportunities present themselves and he decides on the spot. He has about five years left on Urantia, and he probably knows that by now. His Thought Adjuster was certainly working to prepare him for this most famous and precious period in humanity's million year history:

 

...The Adjuster had been actively engaged in reorganizing the thinking and in rehearsing the mind for the great events which were in the not then distant future.... P.1484 - 4

 

 

 

In tomorrow's reading: 2. The Caravan Trip to the Caspian, Jesus travels north, this time as a caravan master who touches and teaches many souls along the way. He then stops by the waters of Lake Urmia.

 

 

Thanks for reading. Members' thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited.

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

Overview of Paper 134. The Transition Years

1. The Thirtieth Year (A.D. 24)

2. The Caravan Trip to the Caspian

3. The Urmia Lectures

4. Sovereignty — Divine and Human

5. Political Sovereignty

6. Law, Liberty, and Sovereignty

7. The Thirty-First Year (A.D. 25)

8. The Sojourn on Mount Hermon

9. The Time of Waiting

This group of papers [120-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.... P.1321 (120:0:0)

 

 

 

***

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Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 134 - THE TRANSITION YEARS
2. THE CARAVAN TRIP TO THE CASPIAN
P.1484 - §5 It was the first of April, A.D. 24, when Jesus left Nazareth on the caravan trip to the Caspian Sea region. The caravan which Jesus joined as its conductor was going from Jerusalem by way of Damascus and Lake Urmia through Assyria, Media, and Parthia to the southeastern Caspian Sea region. It was a full year before he returned from this journey.
P.1484 - §6 For Jesus this caravan trip was another adventure of exploration and personal ministry. He had an interesting experience with his caravan family--passengers, guards, and camel drivers. Scores of men, women, and children residing along the route followed by the caravan lived richer lives as a result of their contact with Jesus, to them, the extraordinary conductor of a commonplace caravan. Not all who enjoyed these occasions of his personal ministry profited thereby, but the vast majority of those who met and talked with him were made better for the remainder of their natural lives.
P.1484 - §7 Of all his world travels this Caspian Sea trip carried Jesus nearest to the Orient and enabled him to gain a better understanding of the Far-Eastern peoples. He made intimate and personal contact with every one of the surviving races of Urantia excepting the red. He equally enjoyed his personal ministry to each of these varied races and blended peoples, and all of them were receptive to the living truth which he brought them. The Europeans from the Far West and the Asiatics from the Far East alike gave attention to his words of hope and eternal life and were equally influenced by the life of loving service and spiritual ministry which he so graciously lived among them.

P.1485 - §1 The caravan trip was successful in every way. This was a most interesting episode in the human life of Jesus, for he functioned during this year in an executive capacity, being responsible for the material intrusted to his charge and for the safe conduct of the travelers making up the caravan party. And he most faithfully, efficiently, and wisely discharged his multiple duties.
P.1485 - §2 On the return from the Caspian region, Jesus gave up the direction of the caravan at Lake Urmia, where he tarried for slightly over two weeks. He returned as a passenger with a later caravan to Damascus, where the owners of the camels besought him to remain in their service. Declining this offer, he journeyed on with the caravan train to Capernaum, arriving the first of April, A.D. 25. No longer did he regard Nazareth as his home. Capernaum had become the home of Jesus, James, Mary, and Ruth. But Jesus never again lived with his family; when in Capernaum he made his home with the Zebedees.


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[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]
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Greetings Carolyn, Raymond, NelsonG, Alina, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors,

 

Our hero and local God has traveled in three directions, first south to Alexandria, then west to Rome, east as far as Ur, now he goes north to meet the rest of humanity, save for the Red Man.

 

Running a caravan was no small matter:

 

The_Camel_Train.jpg

Camels with a howdah, by Émile Rouergue, 1855

 

Caravan people

 

A caravan could consist of 150 or so camels (8 or more files), with a camel-puller for each file. Besides the camel-pullers the caravan would also include...a general manager, one or two cooks, and the caravan master, whose authority over the caravan and its people was as absolute as that of a captain on a ship.

 

...Besides the paid cargo and the food and gear for the men, the camels would also carry a fair amount of fodder for themselves...

 

...Caravans traveled or camped at any time of day or night, depending on weather, local conditions, and the need for rest. Since the caravan traveled at the walking speed of the men, the distance made in a day (a "stage") was usually between 10 and 25 mi (16 and 40 km), depending on road and weather conditions, and distances between water sources. On occasions several days were spent in a camp without going forward, due to bad weather...

 

...It was necessary for camels to spend at least two months between long journeys to recuperate, and the best time for that recuperation was in June–July, when camels shed their hair and the grazing is best...

 

...On almost every journey quite a few camels in each caravan would be lost. On a particularly exhausting section of the trip, an animal already worn out by many weeks of walking, or accidentally poisoned by eating a poisonous plant, would kneel down and not rise anymore.

 

 

Painting/Text Source

 

***

 

This modern map of the region gives you an idea of where the Caspian is in relation to Palestine. Jerusalem is in the lower left corner, beneath Syria (Assyria):

 

EP_caspianRegion_map.jpg

Source

 

From today's reading:

 

...The caravan which Jesus joined as its conductor was going from Jerusalem by way of Damascus and Lake Urmia through Assyria, Media, and Parthia to the southeastern Caspian Sea region. It was a full year before he returned from this journey.... P.1484 - 5

 

This map shows all of those places (Assyria=Syria). Parthia and Media are shown in green:

 

LIV_map_Parthian-Empire.jpg

Source

 

From today's reading:

 

...But Jesus never again lived with his family; when in Capernaum he made his home with the Zebedees.... P.1485 - 2

 

The only and best reason I can think of for his not staying with family while in Capernaum, is to separate his future ministry from them, that they might be spared the persecution that he knew was coming for him and his followers.

 

 

Tomorrow's reading is Section 3. The Urmia Lectures, the first of four Sections about his extended visit and teachings there in Media. Media is mentioned but once in the UB, in today's reading. This was how things were several centuries before Jesus drove the camel train:

 

800px-Median_Empire.jpg

Map Source

 

 

Thanks for reading. Members' thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. These daily presentations also appear on UAI's new home on the Web, with a vast social network, a host of new features, and many, many study tools and aids. NEW WEBSITE

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

Overview of Paper 134. The Transition Years

 

1. The Thirtieth Year (A.D. 24)

2. The Caravan Trip to the Caspian

3. The Urmia Lectures

4. Sovereignty — Divine and Human

5. Political Sovereignty

6. Law, Liberty, and Sovereignty

7. The Thirty-First Year (A.D. 25)

8. The Sojourn on Mount Hermon

9. The Time of Waiting

 

This group of papers [120-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.... P.1321 (120:0:0)

 

 

***

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Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 134 - THE TRANSITION YEARS
3. THE URMIA LECTURES
P.1485 - §3 On the way to the Caspian Sea, Jesus had stopped several days for rest and recuperation at the old Persian city of Urmia on the western shores of Lake Urmia. On the largest of a group of islands situated a short distance offshore near Urmia was located a large building--a lecture amphitheater--dedicated to the "spirit of religion." This structure was really a temple of the philosophy of religions.
P.1485 - §4 This temple of religion had been built by a wealthy merchant citizen of Urmia and his three sons. This man was Cymboyton, and he numbered among his ancestors many diverse peoples.
P.1485 - §5 The lectures and discussions in this school of religion began at 10:00 o'clock every morning in the week. The afternoon sessions started at 3:00 o'clock, and the evening debates opened at 8:00 o'clock. Cymboyton or one of his three sons always presided at these sessions of teaching, discussion, and debate. The founder of this unique school of religions lived and died without ever revealing his personal religious beliefs.
P.1485 - §6 On several occasions Jesus participated in these discussions, and before he left Urmia, Cymboyton arranged with Jesus to sojourn with them for two weeks on his return trip and give twenty-four lectures on "The Brotherhood of Men," and to conduct twelve evening sessions of questions, discussions, and debates on his lectures in particular and on the brotherhood of men in general.
P.1485 - §7 In accordance with this arrangement, Jesus stopped off on the return trip and delivered these lectures. This was the most systematic and formal of all the Master's teaching on Urantia. Never before or after did he say so much on one subject as was contained in these lectures and discussions on the brotherhood of men. In reality these lectures were on the "Kingdom of God" and the "Kingdoms of Men."
P.1486 - §1 More than thirty religions and religious cults were represented on the faculty of this temple of religious philosophy. These teachers were chosen, supported, and fully accredited by their respective religious groups. At this time there were about seventy-five teachers on the faculty, and they lived in cottages each accommodating about a dozen persons. Every new moon these groups were changed by the casting of lots. Intolerance, a contentious spirit, or any other disposition to interfere with the smooth running of the community would bring about the prompt and summary dismissal of the offending teacher. He would be unceremoniously dismissed, and his alternate in waiting would be immediately installed in his place.
P.1486 - §2 These teachers of the various religions made a great effort to show how similar their religions were in regard to the fundamental things of this life and the next. There was but one doctrine which had to be accepted in order to gain a seat on this faculty--every teacher must represent a religion which recognized God--some sort of supreme Deity. There were five independent teachers on the faculty who did not represent any organized religion, and it was as such an independent teacher that Jesus appeared before them.

P.1486 - §3 [When we, the midwayers, first prepared the summary of Jesus' teachings at Urmia, there arose a disagreement between the seraphim of the churches and the seraphim of progress as to the wisdom of including these teachings in the Urantia Revelation. Conditions of the twentieth century, prevailing in both religion and human governments, are so different from those prevailing in Jesus' day that it was indeed difficult to adapt the Master's teachings at Urmia to the problems of the kingdom of God and the kingdoms of men as these world functions are existent in the twentieth century. We were never able to formulate a statement of the Master's teachings which was acceptable to both groups of these seraphim of planetary government. Finally, the Melchizedek chairman of the revelatory commission appointed a commission of three of our number to prepare our view of the Master's Urmia teachings as adapted to twentieth-century religious and political conditions on Urantia. Accordingly, we three secondary midwayers completed such an adaptation of Jesus' teachings, restating his pronouncements as we would apply them to present-day world conditions, and we now present these statements as they stand after having been edited by the Melchizedek chairman of the revelatory commission.]


***







[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Good Day Carolyn, Raymond, NelsonG, Alina, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Guests,



...On the way to the Caspian Sea, Jesus had stopped several days for rest and recuperation at the old Persian city of Urmia on the western shores of Lake Urmia.... P.1485 - 3



armenia_map.gif


Map Source




We can't be sure if Lake Urmia is at the same level, or if it has shifted position, but this map of the lake and its islands roughly fits the Midwayer's description, doesn't it?



...On the largest of a group of islands situated a short distance offshore near Urmia was located a large building--a lecture amphitheater.... P.1485 - 3



600px-Lake_urmia.jpg


Source



Here's another aerial photo which suggests a much larger island near the middle of the lake when it is full:


Lake-Orumiyeh-in-Iran-019.jpg


Map Source



What are those islands like now? Is there any record of the Cymboyton college of religion remaining?



***



The next three Sections of Paper 134 contain the Midwayers' summary of his 24 lectures and 12 discussions. The Cymboyton lectures may be Jesus' closest approach to scholarly works.



Wonderful isn't it, to be given insights into what might be thought of as Jesus' doctorate, his culminating thesis from 30 years as an incarnate God, studying and living real religion, as a man of Urantia. What a gift to have a glimpse of this extraordinary event on that remote island 2000 years ago, an island on a scarcely known lake south of the great Caspian sea.




But we are left to guess whether he put the lectures in writing before presenting them, or if he spoke "off the cuff", as he did to the rich man in Rome. If he did put the lectures in writing, did he leave a copy on the island? Later in this Paper we are informed Cymboyton died and things went badly for this unique school. From Section 6:



...As confusion increased in the faculty, the three brothers withdrew their financial support, and after five years the school closed. Later it was reopened as a Mithraic temple and eventually burned down in connection with one of their orgiastic celebrations.... P.1491 - 10



***



AND in today's reading we also get a glimpse at what went on in the UB editing room! Two of the Angels corps find themselves in disagreement, Melchizedek finally stepping in with the perfect solution. What a great story, retold by the permanent residents of Urantia.



Paper 114:6 outlines various angelic groups. It says this about the church and progress Angels:



2. The progress angels. These seraphim are intrusted with the task of initiating the evolutionary progress of the successive social ages. They foster the development of the inherent progressive trend of evolutionary creatures; they labor incessantly to make things what they ought to be. The group now on duty is the second to be assigned to the planet.



3. The religious guardians. These are the "angels of the churches," the earnest contenders for that which is and has been. They endeavor to maintain the ideals of that which has survived for the sake of the safe transit of moral values from one epoch to another. They are the checkmates of the angels of progress, all the while seeking to translate from one generation to another the imperishable values of the old and passing forms into the new and therefore less stabilized patterns of thought and conduct. These angels do contend for spiritual forms, but they are not the source of ultrasectarianism and meaningless controversial divisions of professed religionists. The corps now functioning on Urantia is the fifth thus to serve.... P.1255 - 5 & 6




Tomorrow's reading, Section 4. Sovereignty — Divine and Human, suggests that men and mankind give over authority to God--if humanity truly wishes to have lasting "peace on earth".




Thanks for reading. Members' thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. These daily presentations also appear on UAI's new home on the Web, with a vast social network, a host of new features, and many, many study tools and aids. NEW WEBSITE


Much love, Rick/OPAD host





Overview of Paper 134. The Transition Years



1. The Thirtieth Year (A.D. 24)


2. The Caravan Trip to the Caspian


3. The Urmia Lectures


4. Sovereignty — Divine and Human


5. Political Sovereignty


6. Law, Liberty, and Sovereignty


7. The Thirty-First Year (A.D. 25)


8. The Sojourn on Mount Hermon


9. The Time of Waiting



This group of papers [120-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.... P.1321 (120:0:0)




***


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Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 134 - THE TRANSITION YEARS
4. SOVEREIGNTY--DIVINE AND HUMAN
P.1486 - §4 The brotherhood of men is founded on the fatherhood of God. The family of God is derived from the love of God--God is love. God the Father divinely loves his children, all of them.
P.1486 - §5 The kingdom of heaven, the divine government, is founded on the fact of divine sovereignty--God is spirit. Since God is spirit, this kingdom is spiritual. The kingdom of heaven is neither material nor merely intellectual; it is a spiritual relationship between God and man.
P.1486 - §6 If different religions recognize the spirit sovereignty of God the Father, then will all such religions remain at peace. Only when one religion assumes that it is in some way superior to all others, and that it possesses exclusive authority over other religions, will such a religion presume to be intolerant of other religions or dare to persecute other religious believers.
P.1487 - §1 Religious peace--brotherhood--can never exist unless all religions are willing to completely divest themselves of all ecclesiastical authority and fully surrender all concept of spiritual sovereignty. God alone is spirit sovereign.
P.1487 - §2 You cannot have equality among religions (religious liberty) without having religious wars unless all religions consent to the transfer of all religious sovereignty to some superhuman level, to God himself.
P.1487 - §3 The kingdom of heaven in the hearts of men will create religious unity (not necessarily uniformity) because any and all religious groups composed of such religious believers will be free from all notions of ecclesiastical authority--religious sovereignty.
P.1487 - §4 God is spirit, and God gives a fragment of his spirit self to dwell in the heart of man. Spiritually, all men are equal. The kingdom of heaven is free from castes, classes, social levels, and economic groups. You are all brethren.
P.1487 - §5 But the moment you lose sight of the spirit sovereignty of God the Father, some one religion will begin to assert its superiority over other religions; and then, instead of peace on earth and good will among men, there will start dissensions, recriminations, even religious wars, at least wars among religionists.
P.1487 - §6 Freewill beings who regard themselves as equals, unless they mutually acknowledge themselves as subject to some supersovereignty, some authority over and above themselves, sooner or later are tempted to try out their ability to gain power and authority over other persons and groups. The concept of equality never brings peace except in the mutual recognition of some overcontrolling influence of supersovereignty.
P.1487 - §7 The Urmia religionists lived together in comparative peace and tranquillity because they had fully surrendered all their notions of religious sovereignty. Spiritually, they all believed in a sovereign God; socially, full and unchallengeable authority rested in their presiding head--Cymboyton. They well knew what would happen to any teacher who assumed to lord it over his fellow teachers. There can be no lasting religious peace on Urantia until all religious groups freely surrender all their notions of divine favor, chosen people, and religious sovereignty. Only when God the Father becomes supreme will men become religious brothers and live together in religious peace on earth.


***







[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]
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Greetings Carolyn, Raymond, NelsonG, Alina, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors,

 

As you might imagine, all that appears in today's reading is reflected elsewhere in the book, repeatedly. God's absolute sovereignty is implied in Christianity and other evolved religions but it is very well defined and promoted in our revelation, beginning in the Foreword:1:

 

...Divinity is creature comprehensible as truth, beauty, and goodness; correlated in personality as love, mercy, and ministry; disclosed on impersonal levels as justice, power, and sovereignty.... P.3 - 4

 

From Paper 3:6:

 

...The sovereignty of God is unlimited; it is the fundamental fact of all creation....P.52 - 5

 

It follows that if God is Father of all, all are siblings. From Paper 16:9:

 

...You become conscious of man as your creature brother because you are already conscious of God as your Creator Father. Fatherhood is the relationship out of which we reason ourselves into the recognition of brotherhood.... P.196 - 10

 

From 52:6:

 

...The brotherhood of man is, after all, predicated on the recognition of the fatherhood of God.... P.598 - 2

 

From Ganid's, "Our Religion" essay, Paper 131:10:

 

"...I do not see how I can rejoice in the fatherhood of God while I refuse to accept the brotherhood of man. Whosoever calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. If that is true, then all men must be my brothers...." P.1454 - 4

 

Jesus in Paper 143:1, preaching to the Samarians:

 

"...The ultimate goal of human progress is the reverent recognition of the fatherhood of God and the loving materialization of the brotherhood of man...." P.1608 - 1

 

There are other references to this idea put forth in today's reading about eventual peace on Earth:

 

...Only when God the Father becomes supreme will men become religious brothers and live together in religious peace on earth.... P.1487 - 7

 

We have had for 2000 years a peace-maker in the bestowal and influence of the Spirit of Truth. From 194:3:

 

...Pentecost was designed to lessen the self-assertiveness of individuals, groups, nations, and races. It is this spirit of self-assertiveness which so increases in tension that it periodically breaks loose in destructive wars. Mankind can be unified only by the spiritual approach, and the Spirit of Truth is a world influence which is universal.... P.2065 - 6

 

From Paper 195:8:

 

...To the secularistic revolt you owe the amazing creativity of American industrialism and the unprecedented material progress of Western civilization. And because the secularistic revolt went too far and lost sight of God and true religion, there also followed the unlooked-for harvest of world wars and international unsettledness....P.2081 - 7

 

***

 

Of course the Christian Bible also reflects many of Jesus' teachings about God, his love and sovereignty. These are all from the New Testament:

 

John 4 "He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love."

 

John 4:19 "We love him, because he first loved us."

 

John 4:24 "God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth."

 

Colossians 3:11 "Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all."

 

Galatians 3:28 "There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus."

 

1 Corinthians 3:16-17 "Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?"

 

Source/More

 

Tomorrow's reading, Section 5, is first of two parts on Political Sovereignty, how religion and government should interact, how the people and Caesar can create lasting peace, even on Urantia.

 

 

 

Thanks for reading. Members' thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited.

 

 

Overview of Paper 134. The Transition Years

 

1. The Thirtieth Year (A.D. 24)

2. The Caravan Trip to the Caspian

3. The Urmia Lectures

4. Sovereignty — Divine and Human

5. Political Sovereignty

6. Law, Liberty, and Sovereignty

7. The Thirty-First Year (A.D. 25)

8. The Sojourn on Mount Hermon

9. The Time of Waiting

 

This group of papers [120-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.... P.1321 (120:0:0)

 

 

***

 

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Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 134 - THE TRANSITION YEARS
5. POLITICAL SOVEREIGNTY
[Part 1 of 2]
P.1487 - §8 [While the Master's teaching concerning the sovereignty of God is a truth--only complicated by the subsequent appearance of the religion about him among the world's religions--his presentations concerning political sovereignty are vastly complicated by the political evolution of nation life during the last nineteen hundred years and more. In the times of Jesus there were only two great world powers--the Roman Empire in the West and the Han Empire in the East--and these were widely separated by the Parthian kingdom and other intervening lands of the Caspian and Turkestan regions. We have, therefore, in the following presentation departed more widely from the substance of the Master's teachings at Urmia concerning political sovereignty, at the same time attempting to depict the import of such teachings as they are applicable to the peculiarly critical stage of the evolution of political sovereignty in the twentieth century after Christ.]
P.1487 - §9 War on Urantia will never end so long as nations cling to the illusive notions of unlimited national sovereignty. There are only two levels of relative sovereignty on an inhabited world: the spiritual free will of the individual mortal and the collective sovereignty of mankind as a whole. Between the level of the individual human being and the level of the total of mankind, all groupings and associations are relative, transitory, and of value only in so far as they enhance the welfare, well-being, and progress of the individual and the planetary grand total--man and mankind.
P.1488 - §1 Religious teachers must always remember that the spiritual sovereignty of God overrides all intervening and intermediate spiritual loyalties. Someday civil rulers will learn that the Most Highs rule in the kingdoms of men.
P.1488 - §2 This rule of the Most Highs in the kingdoms of men is not for the especial benefit of any especially favored group of mortals. There is no such thing as a "chosen people." The rule of the Most Highs, the overcontrollers of political evolution, is a rule designed to foster the greatest good to the greatest number of all men and for the greatest length of time.
P.1488 - §3 Sovereignty is power and it grows by organization. This growth of the organization of political power is good and proper, for it tends to encompass ever-widening segments of the total of mankind. But this same growth of political organizations creates a problem at every intervening stage between the initial and natural organization of political power--the family--and the final consummation of political growth--the government of all mankind, by all mankind, and for all mankind.
P.1488 - §4 Starting out with parental power in the family group, political sovereignty evolves by organization as families overlap into consanguineous clans which become united, for various reasons, into tribal units--superconsanguineous political groupings. And then, by trade, commerce, and conquest, tribes become unified as a nation, while nations themselves sometimes become unified by empire.
P.1488 - §5 As sovereignty passes from smaller groups to larger groups, wars are lessened. That is, minor wars between smaller nations are lessened, but the potential for greater wars is increased as the nations wielding sovereignty become larger and larger. Presently, when all the world has been explored and occupied, when nations are few, strong, and powerful, when these great and supposedly sovereign nations come to touch borders, when only oceans separate them, then will the stage be set for major wars, world-wide conflicts. So-called sovereign nations cannot rub elbows without generating conflicts and eventuating wars.
P.1488 - §6 The difficulty in the evolution of political sovereignty from the family to all mankind, lies in the inertia-resistance exhibited on all intervening levels. Families have, on occasion, defied their clan, while clans and tribes have often been subversive of the sovereignty of the territorial state. Each new and forward evolution of political sovereignty is (and has always been) embarrassed and hampered by the "scaffolding stages" of the previous developments in political organization. And this is true because human loyalties, once mobilized, are hard to change. The same loyalty which makes possible the evolution of the tribe, makes difficult the evolution of the supertribe--the territorial state. And the same loyalty (patriotism) which makes possible the evolution of the territorial state, vastly complicates the evolutionary development of the government of all mankind.
P.1488 - §7 Political sovereignty is created out of the surrender of self-determinism, first by the individual within the family and then by the families and clans in relation to the tribe and larger groupings. This progressive transfer of self-determination from the smaller to ever larger political organizations has generally proceeded unabated in the East since the establishment of the Ming and the Mogul dynasties. In the West it obtained for more than a thousand years right on down to the end of the World War, when an unfortunate retrograde movement temporarily reversed this normal trend by re-establishing the submerged political sovereignty of numerous small groups in Europe.


***







[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Good Day Carolyn, Raymond, NelsonG, Alina, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Guests! clear.png

 

Obviously there is a great difference between our times and his:

 

[...In the times of Jesus there were only two great world powers--the Roman Empire in the West and the Han Empire in the East--and these were widely separated by the Parthian kingdom and other intervening lands of the Caspian and Turkestan regions....] P.1487 - 8

 

wallmap.jpg

Map Source

Han%20dynasty%20map.JPG

Map Source

 

 

parthian_empire.jpg

Map Source

 

 

Today's reading begins with a rather broad disclaimer from the Midwayers. This sentence points to the great disparity between today's political situation and 2000 years ago:

 

[...We have, therefore, in the following presentation departed more widely from the substance of the Master's teachings at Urmia concerning political sovereignty....] P.1487 - 8

 

***

 

The Midwayers and others repeat this statement over and over:

 

...War on Urantia will never end so long as nations cling to the illusive notions of unlimited national sovereignty.... P.1487 - 9

 

From Paper 52:6:

 

...Selfish political sagacity is ultimately suicidal--destructive of all those enduring qualities which insure planetary group survival.... P.598 - 1

 

We've been told that progress is the watchword of the evolving universes. But how does it happen?

 

...Sovereignty is power and it grows by organization.... P.1488 - 3

 

In more than one Paper we are taught the first social/political organization is the family, then comes the clan, the tribe, the city, the state, the nation, and finally the whole world unites as one. How far is Urantia from political and social unification, being openly ruled by the Most Highs? It looks far, far from where we are now, doesn't it? And the hurdles between here and there appear numerous and insurmountable, don't they?! But we should not doubt the eventual and ultimate success of the sovereign rule of our Father on Urantia. It seems too remote to believe, but we cannot fail--because the Most Highs rule here, and the Most Highs are God's local agents and regional leaders. With them, the Melchizedeks, the Angels, the Midwayers, and Michael himself, Urantia will come around, will cede its sovereignty to its original and rightful place. Even outright rebellion cannot displace or disrupt divine order for long.

 

These two quotes, also from today's reading, are often repeated:

 

...Someday civil rulers will learn that the Most Highs rule in the kingdoms of men.... P.1488 - 1

 

...The rule of the Most Highs, the overcontrollers of political evolution, is a rule designed to foster the greatest good to the greatest number of all men and for the greatest length of time.... P.1488 - 2

 

From Paper 43:9:

 

...The Most Highs are not so much engaged in fostering individual advancement on the inhabited worlds; they rule in the kingdoms of men rather than in the hearts of individuals.... P.495 - 6

 

The Most Highs employ angels and men, from Paper 114:0:

 

...The Most Highs rule in the kingdoms of men through many celestial forces and agencies but chiefly through the ministry of seraphim.... P.1250 - 1

 

From 114:7:

 

...On many worlds the better adapted secondary midway creatures are able to attain varying degrees of contact with the Thought Adjusters of certain favorably constituted mortals through the skillful penetration of the minds of the latters' indwelling. (And it was by just such a fortuitous combination of cosmic adjustments that these revelations were materialized in the English language on Urantia.) Such potential contact mortals of the evolutionary worlds are mobilized in the numerous reserve corps, and it is, to a certain extent, through these small groups of forward-looking personalities that spiritual civilization is advanced and the Most Highs are able to rule in the kingdoms of men.... P.1258 - 1

 

***

 

 

About the progress of sovereignty in the East:

 

...This progressive transfer of self-determination from the smaller to ever larger political organizations has generally proceeded unabated in the East since the establishment of the Ming and the Mogul dynasties.... P.1488 - 7

 

The Ming Dynasty, also Empire of the Great Ming, was the ruling dynasty of China for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty. The Ming, described by some as "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history", was the last dynasty in China ruled by ethnic Han Chinese. Although the primary capital of Beijing fell in 1644 to a rebellion led by Li Zicheng (who established the Shun Dynasty, soon replaced by the Manchu-led Qing Dynasty), regimes loyal to the Ming throne – collectively called the Southern Ming – survived until 1662.

451px-Ming-Empire2.jpg

 

Text/Map Source/More

 

 

The Mughal Empire (anglicized as Mog(h)ul Empire, was a Persianate imperial empire that ruled large parts of the Indian subcontinent from Babur's victory over Ibrahim Lodi in the first Battle of Panipat (1526), until after Aurangzeb, in 1757, when its power collapsed after suffering heavy losses being defeated by the smaller army of the Maratha Empire in the War of 27 years, and consequently the Nawabs of Bengal, Bhopal, Oudh, Carnatic, Rampur, the Nizam of Hyderabad and Shah of Afghanistan declared their independence from the Mughals (though it lingered with its power limited to Delhi under the protection of Company Raj until 1857). The Mughal emperors were Mongoloid Turks who claimed direct descent from both Genghis Khan (through his son Chagatai Khan) and of Timur. At the height of their power in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, they controlled much of the Indian subcontinent, extending from Bengal in the east to Sindh in the west, Kashmir in the north to the Kaveri basin in the south.Its population at that time has been estimated as between 110 and 150 million, over a territory of more than 3.2 million square kilometres (1.2 million square miles).

 

415px-India_in_1700_Joppen.jpg

Text/Map Source/More

 

***

 

Now we know the cause of World War I:

 

...In the West it obtained for more than a thousand years right on down to the end of the World War, when an unfortunate retrograde movement temporarily reversed this normal trend by re-establishing the submerged political sovereignty of numerous small groups in Europe.... P.1488 - 7

 

Tomorrow's reading, Section 5, part 2 Political Sovereignty, points to the American model, a union of many states that have given over their sovereignty to nation rule.

 

 

Thanks for reading. Members' thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. These daily presentations also appear on UAI's new home on the Web, with a vast social network, a host of new features, and many, many study tools and aids. NEW WEBSITE

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

Overview of Paper 134. The Transition Years

 

1. The Thirtieth Year (A.D. 24)

2. The Caravan Trip to the Caspian

3. The Urmia Lectures

4. Sovereignty — Divine and Human

5. Political Sovereignty

6. Law, Liberty, and Sovereignty

7. The Thirty-First Year (A.D. 25)

8. The Sojourn on Mount Hermon

9. The Time of Waiting

 

This group of papers [120-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.... P.1321 (120:0:0)

 

 

***

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One sidenote to today's reading, Amigos. The Bible has many references to the "Most High", but none to "Most Highs". But Most High appears to refer to God:

 

Deuteronomy 32:8

When the Most High gave the nations their inheritance, when he divided all mankind,

he set up boundaries for the peoples according to the number of the sons of ...

//bible.cc/deuteronomy/32-8.htm - 19k

 

Hebrews 7:1

This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. ...

//bible.cc/hebrews/7-1.htm - 19k

 

Daniel 7:25

He will speak against the Most High and oppress his holy people and try

to change the set times and the laws. The holy people will ...

//bible.cc/daniel/7-25.htm - 19k

 

Lamentations 3:35

to deny people their rights before the Most High, .... ...

//bible.cc/lamentations/3-35.htm - 16k

 

Mark 5:7

He shouted at the top of his voice, "What do you want with me, Jesus,

Son of the Most High God? In God's name don't torture me ...

//bible.cc/mark/5-7.htm - 18k

 

Daniel 4:24 "This is the interpretation, Your Majesty, and this is ...

"This is the interpretation, Your Majesty, and this is the decree

the Most High has issued against my lord the king ...

//bible.cc/daniel/4-24.htm - 17k

 

Daniel 5:18

"Your Majesty, the Most High God gave your father Nebuchadnezzar

sovereignty and greatness and glory and splendor. ...

//bible.cc/daniel/5-18.htm - 17k

 

Lamentations 3:38

Is it not from the mouth of the Most High that both calamities and good things

come? ... Does not the Most High send both calamity and good? ...

//bible.cc/lamentations/3-38.htm - 17k

 

Acts 16:17

She followed Paul and the rest of us, shouting, "These men are servants of

the Most High God, who are telling you the way to be saved ...

//bible.cc/acts/16-17.htm - 18k

 

Acts 7:48 "However, the Most High does not live in houses made by ...

"However, the Most High does not live in houses made by human hands. ... However,

the Most High doesn't live in temples made by human hands. ...

//bible.cc/acts/7-48.htm - 17k

 

Psalm 91:1

Whoever dwells in the shelter of the Most High will rest in the shadow of the Almighty. ...

//bible.cc/psalms/91-1.htm - 17k

 

Daniel 4:2

It is my pleasure to tell you about the miraculous signs and wonders

that the Most High God has performed for me. ...

//bible.cc/daniel/4-2.htm - 17k

 

Source

 

The Quran cites Most High six times, no Most Highs:

 

13:9 The Knower of the unseen and the seen, the Great, the Most High.

 

34:23 And intercession avails naught with Him, save of him whom He permits. Until when fear is removed from their hearts, they say: What is it that your Lord said? They say: The Truth. And He is the Most High, the Great.

 

79:24 Then he said: I am your Lord, the most High.

 

87:1 Glorify the name of thy Lord, the Most High!

 

92:20 Except the seeking of the pleasure of his Lord, the Most High.

 

Source

 

 

 

***

 

From Paper 3:5, not sure who the Perfector of Wisdom is quoting:

 

...It is no mere poetic expression that exclaims: "The earth is the Lord's and the fullness thereof." "He removes kings and sets up kings." "The Most Highs rule in the kingdoms of men." P.51 - 1

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Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 134 - THE TRANSITION YEARS
5. POLITICAL SOVEREIGNTY
[Part 2 of 2]
P.1489 - §1 Urantia will not enjoy lasting peace until the so-called sovereign nations intelligently and fully surrender their sovereign powers into the hands of the brotherhood of men--mankind government. Internationalism--Leagues of Nations--can never bring permanent peace to mankind. World-wide confederations of nations will effectively prevent minor wars and acceptably control the smaller nations, but they will not prevent world wars nor control the three, four, or five most powerful governments. In the face of real conflicts, one of these world powers will withdraw from the League and declare war. You cannot prevent nations going to war as long as they remain infected with the delusional virus of national sovereignty. Internationalism is a step in the right direction. An international police force will prevent many minor wars, but it will not be effective in preventing major wars, conflicts between the great military governments of earth.
P.1489 - §2 As the number of truly sovereign nations (great powers) decreases, so do both opportunity and need for mankind government increase. When there are only a few really sovereign (great) powers, either they must embark on the life and death struggle for national (imperial) supremacy, or else, by voluntary surrender of certain prerogatives of sovereignty, they must create the essential nucleus of supernational power which will serve as the beginning of the real sovereignty of all mankind.

P.1489 - §3 Peace will not come to Urantia until every so-called sovereign nation surrenders its power to make war into the hands of a representative government of all mankind. Political sovereignty is innate with the peoples of the world. When all the peoples of Urantia create a world government, they have the right and the power to make such a government SOVEREIGN; and when such a representative or democratic world power controls the world's land, air, and naval forces, peace on earth and good will among men can prevail--but not until then.
P.1489 - §4 To use an important nineteenth- and twentieth-century illustration: The forty-eight states of the American Federal Union have long enjoyed peace. They have no more wars among themselves. They have surrendered their sovereignty to the federal government, and through the arbitrament of war, they have abandoned all claims to the delusions of self-determination. While each state regulates its internal affairs, it is not concerned with foreign relations, tariffs, immigration, military affairs, or interstate commerce. Neither do the individual states concern themselves with matters of citizenship. The forty-eight states suffer the ravages of war only when the federal government's sovereignty is in some way jeopardized.

P.1489 - §5 These forty-eight states, having abandoned the twin sophistries of sovereignty and self-determination, enjoy interstate peace and tranquillity. So will the nations of Urantia begin to enjoy peace when they freely surrender their respective sovereignties into the hands of a global government--the sovereignty of the brotherhood of men. In this world state the small nations will be as powerful as the great, even as the small state of Rhode Island has its two senators in the American Congress just the same as the populous state of New York or the large state of Texas.
P.1490 - §1 The limited (state) sovereignty of these forty-eight states was created by men and for men. The superstate (national) sovereignty of the American Federal Union was created by the original thirteen of these states for their own benefit and for the benefit of men. Sometime the supernational sovereignty of the planetary government of mankind will be similarly created by nations for their own benefit and for the benefit of all men.
P.1490 - §2 Citizens are not born for the benefit of governments; governments are organizations created and devised for the benefit of men. There can be no end to the evolution of political sovereignty short of the appearance of the government of the sovereignty of all men. All other sovereignties are relative in value, intermediate in meaning, and subordinate in status.
P.1490 - §3 With scientific progress, wars are going to become more and more devastating until they become almost racially suicidal. How many world wars must be fought and how many leagues of nations must fail before men will be willing to establish the government of mankind and begin to enjoy the blessings of permanent peace and thrive on the tranquillity of good will--world-wide good will--among men?


***







[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings Carolyn, Raymond, NelsonG, Alina, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors,

 

The Midwayers don't show much enthusiasm for our "Leagues of Nations" idea:

 

...Internationalism--Leagues of Nations--can never bring permanent peace to mankind.... P.1489 - 1

 

In actuality the League of Nations collapsed not long after the words above were written, at the beginning of World War II:

 

 

The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, and SDN in its other official languages) was an intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War. It was the first international organization whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. Its primary goals, as stated in its Covenant, included preventing wars through collective security and disarmament, and settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration.

 

 

...The onset of the Second World War demonstrated that the League had failed in its primary purpose, the prevention of another world war. There were a variety of reasons for this failure, many connected to general weaknesses within the organization. Additionally, the power of the League was limited by the United States' refusal to join.

 

 

 

800px-LN_member_states_animation.gif

 

A map of the world in the years 1920–1945, which shows the League of Nations members during its history. (Dark blue indicates inclusion)

Source Much More

 

 

 

One might think after such an unmitigated failure, no more leagues would be started. But then the United Nations was formed. It too hasn't been able to prevent wars, major or minor. Indeed it has accomplished very little and often suffers from rampant corruption and political abuse.

 

...You cannot prevent nations going to war as long as they remain infected with the delusional virus of national sovereignty.... P.1489 - 1

 

There are but a few great world powers now:

 

...When there are only a few really sovereign (great) powers, either they must embark on the life and death struggle for national (imperial) supremacy, or else, by voluntary surrender of certain prerogatives of sovereignty, they must create the essential nucleus of supernational power which will serve as the beginning of the real sovereignty of all mankind.... P.1489 - 2

 

But there seems to be no willingness for anything approaching mankind government just now. Looks like we are doomed to more war, more strife, more tension, at least for a while--until we fully realize the only way to end horrendous wars is the unification of every national government. That will take a while, or some cataclysmic unifying incident, no? Over and over and over we read:

 

...Peace will not come to Urantia until every so-called sovereign nation surrenders its power to make war into the hands of a representative government of all mankind.... P.1489 - 3

 

That seems so distant as to be impractical, at least for now doesn't it? Who can say what will happen just ahead? Transition times, like we are passing through now, can produce many unexpected disasters and opportunities.

 

***

 

The UB text reveals its age in today's reading:

 

...The forty-eight states of the American Federal Union have long enjoyed peace. They have no more wars among themselves.... P.1489 - 4

 

Of course there are now 50 states, and they still retain their unity. Indeed the United States rose to world prominence after the UB was written, and helped push back the sudden wave of European retrogression. It has remained at the top of the world powers for 80 years, during many wars and amid much global turbulence. But power is definitely shifting as every nation has seen the benefits of representative government and the astonishing power of any nation with a stable, educated and aspiring middle class.

 

Evidently all nations will follow the US model until the whole world is united under one flag, one God:

 

...Sometime the supernational sovereignty of the planetary government of mankind will be similarly created by nations for their own benefit and for the benefit of all men.... P.1490 - 1

 

Good to know we will make it to peace sometime.

 

 

***

 

 

The Midwayers chose to end today's reading by posing the most profound political/social question Urantia has had to face:

 

...How many world wars must be fought and how many leagues of nations must fail before men will be willing to establish the government of mankind and begin to enjoy the blessings of permanent peace and thrive on the tranquillity of good will--world-wide good will--among men? P.1490 - 3

 

We had another world war after they wrote that question. It was the most destructive war ever, with 50 million deaths and countless injures. We created the League of Nations after World War I and it failed. We then formed the United Nations and it has been almost entirely feckless. How many more will there be? One thing we can always count on, Urantians will do the right thing--after we have tried everything else clear.png

 

 

 

Tomorrow's reading, Section 6 Law, Liberty, and Sovereignty, brings religion, freedom and liberty into the Urmia Lectures, more about unity and disunity in Europe, and we are informed that war is not a cause but a symptom.

 

 

Thanks for reading. Members' thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. These daily presentations also appear on UAI's new home on the Web, with a vast social network, a host of new features, and many, many study tools and aids. NEW WEBSITE

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

 

Overview of Paper 134. The Transition Years

 

1. The Thirtieth Year (A.D. 24)

2. The Caravan Trip to the Caspian

3. The Urmia Lectures

4. Sovereignty — Divine and Human

5. Political Sovereignty

6. Law, Liberty, and Sovereignty

7. The Thirty-First Year (A.D. 25)

8. The Sojourn on Mount Hermon

9. The Time of Waiting

 

This group of papers [120-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.... P.1321 (120:0:0)

 

 

***

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Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 134 - THE TRANSITION YEARS
6. LAW, LIBERTY, AND SOVEREIGNTY

P.1490 - §4 If one man craves freedom--liberty--he must remember that all other men long for the same freedom. Groups of such liberty-loving mortals cannot live together in peace without becoming subservient to such laws, rules, and regulations as will grant each person the same degree of freedom while at the same time safeguarding an equal degree of freedom for all of his fellow mortals. If one man is to be absolutely free, then another must become an absolute slave. And the relative nature of freedom is true socially, economically, and politically. Freedom is the gift of civilization made possible by the enforcement of LAW.
P.1490 - §5 Religion makes it spiritually possible to realize the brotherhood of men, but it will require mankind government to regulate the social, economic, and political problems associated with such a goal of human happiness and efficiency.
P.1490 - §6 There shall be wars and rumors of wars--nation will rise against nation--just as long as the world's political sovereignty is divided up and unjustly held by a group of nation-states. England, Scotland, and Wales were always fighting each other until they gave up their respective sovereignties, reposing them in the United Kingdom.
P.1490 - §7 Another world war will teach the so-called sovereign nations to form some sort of federation, thus creating the machinery for preventing small wars, wars between the lesser nations. But global wars will go on until the government of mankind is created. Global sovereignty will prevent global wars--nothing else can.
P.1490 - §8 The forty-eight American free states live together in peace. There are among the citizens of these forty-eight states all of the various nationalities and races that live in the ever-warring nations of Europe. These Americans represent almost all the religions and religious sects and cults of the whole wide world, and yet here in North America they live together in peace. And all this is made possible because these forty-eight states have surrendered their sovereignty and have abandoned all notions of the supposed rights of self-determination.
P.1490 - §9 It is not a question of armaments or disarmament. Neither does the question of conscription or voluntary military service enter into these problems of maintaining world-wide peace. If you take every form of modern mechanical armaments and all types of explosives away from strong nations, they will fight with fists, stones, and clubs as long as they cling to their delusions of the divine right of national sovereignty.
P.1491 - §1 War is not man's great and terrible disease; war is a symptom, a result. The real disease is the virus of national sovereignty.
P.1491 - §2 Urantia nations have not possessed real sovereignty; they never have had a sovereignty which could protect them from the ravages and devastations of world wars. In the creation of the global government of mankind, the nations are not giving up sovereignty so much as they are actually creating a real, bona fide, and lasting world sovereignty which will henceforth be fully able to protect them from all war. Local affairs will be handled by local governments; national affairs, by national governments; international affairs will be administered by global government.
P.1491 - §3 World peace cannot be maintained by treaties, diplomacy, foreign policies, alliances, balances of power, or any other type of makeshift juggling with the sovereignties of nationalism. World law must come into being and must be enforced by world government--the sovereignty of all mankind.
P.1491 - §4 The individual will enjoy far more liberty under world government. Today, the citizens of the great powers are taxed, regulated, and controlled almost oppressively, and much of this present interference with individual liberties will vanish when the national governments are willing to trustee their sovereignty as regards international affairs into the hands of global government.
P.1491 - §5 Under global government the national groups will be afforded a real opportunity to realize and enjoy the personal liberties of genuine democracy. The fallacy of self-determination will be ended. With global regulation of money and trade will come the new era of world-wide peace. Soon may a global language evolve, and there will be at least some hope of sometime having a global religion--or religions with a global viewpoint.
P.1491 - §6 Collective security will never afford peace until the collectivity includes all mankind.
P.1491 - §7 The political sovereignty of representative mankind government will bring lasting peace on earth, and the spiritual brotherhood of man will forever insure good will among all men. And there is no other way whereby peace on earth and good will among men can be realized.

***

P.1491 - §8 After the death of Cymboyton, his sons encountered great difficulties in maintaining a peaceful faculty. The repercussions of Jesus' teachings would have been much greater if the later Christian teachers who joined the Urmia faculty had exhibited more wisdom and exercised more tolerance.
P.1491 - §9 Cymboyton's eldest son had appealed to Abner at Philadelphia for help, but Abner's choice of teachers was most unfortunate in that they turned out to be unyielding and uncompromising. These teachers sought to make their religion dominant over the other beliefs. They never suspected that the oft-referred-to lectures of the caravan conductor had been delivered by Jesus himself.
P.1491 - §10 As confusion increased in the faculty, the three brothers withdrew their financial support, and after five years the school closed. Later it was reopened as a Mithraic temple and eventually burned down in connection with one of their orgiastic celebrations.


***







[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings NelsonG, Carolyn, Alina, Raymond, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors,

 

What a treat it would have been to listen in on all 24 lectures and each of the 12 evening discussions. His complete presentation on Lake Urmia must have taken several dozen hours. The Midwayers condensed it to about five pages. Today's reading is the last of their summary of Jesus' lectures at Urmia. The first paragraph has this unavoidable fact of co-habitation:

 

...If one man is to be absolutely free, then another must become an absolute slave.... P.1490 - 4

 

This paragraph also includes a paradox, that man must give up freedom to have freedom (seldom do the editors capitalize a whole word as in today's reading):

 

...Freedom is the gift of civilization made possible by the enforcement of LAW.... P.1490 - 4

 

...and in yesterday's:

 

...When all the peoples of Urantia create a world government, they have the right and the power to make such a government SOVEREIGN.... P.1489 - 3

 

***

 

How many times, and how many ways, do the Midwayers make this same statement?

 

...but it will require mankind government to regulate the social, economic, and political problems associated with such a goal of human happiness and efficiency.... P.1490 - 5

 

...There shall be wars and rumors of wars--nation will rise against nation--just as long as the world's political sovereignty is divided up and unjustly held by a group of nation-states.... P.1490 - 6

 

 

The Midwayers borrowed the quote above from the Christian Bible's New Testament, attributed to Jesus in the books of Luke and Matthew:

 

Luke 21:9-10 "But when ye shall hear of wars and commotions, be not terrified: for these things must first come to pass; but the end is not by and by. Then said he unto them, Nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom."

 

Mark 13:7-8 "And when ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars, be ye not troubled: for such things must needs be; but the end shall not be yet. For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be earthquakes in divers places, and there shall be famines and troubles: these are the beginnings of sorrows."

 

Matthew 24:6-7 "And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet. For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places."

 

 

***

 

Now this is a fascinating statement from the Midwayers, a prediction of World War II:

 

...Another world war will teach the so-called sovereign nations to form some sort of federation, thus creating the machinery for preventing small wars, wars between the lesser nations.... P.1490 - 7

 

And sure enough, we created the United Nations after WWII. Unfortunately it hasn't prevented small wars either. Since WWII there has been the Korean, the Viet Namese, and the Iraqi war. And those are just the US wars. Israel and its enemies have been at near constant war since 1947, there was the war in Rwanda and several others in Africa. South America, Europe and Asia still have simmering conflicts and are headed for more, as long as self-determination rules. I read there are some 60 skirmishes and civil wars going on here and there around Urantia right now.

 

From "War In The World"

 

AFRICA:

 

(24 Countries and 115 between militias-guerrillas, separatist groups and anarchic groups involved)

 

Hot Spots: Central African Republic, Darfur, Democrati Republic of Congo, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Puntland, Somalia, Somaliland.

 

 

 

 

...But global wars will go on until the government of mankind is created. Global sovereignty will prevent global wars--nothing else can.... P.1490 - 7

 

Fortunately there have been no more World Wars--yet.

 

The Midwayers do point to the possibility of peace, even where diverse peoples live together:

 

...These Americans represent almost all the religions and religious sects and cults of the whole wide world, and yet here in North America they live together in peace.... P.1490 - 8

 

We do now, but we had a terrible civil war just 70 years before the Midwayers wrote the sentence above.

 

***

 

This would be funny if it weren't true, wouldn't it?:

 

...If you take every form of modern mechanical armaments and all types of explosives away from strong nations, they will fight with fists, stones, and clubs as long as they cling to their delusions of the divine right of national sovereignty.... P.1490 - 9

 

 

In Paper 195:8, the Midwayers, writing about "Secular Totalitarianism" once again declare that external war is inevitable where nationalism thrives and God doesn't:

 

...Without God, without religion, scientific secularism can never co-ordinate its forces, harmonize its divergent and rivalrous interests, races, and nationalisms. This secularistic human society, notwithstanding its unparalleled materialistic achievement, is slowly disintegrating. The chief cohesive force resisting this disintegration of antagonism is nationalism. And nationalism is the chief barrier to world peace.... P.2082 - 2

 

They go on, sounding the alarm, predicting inevitable social breakdown where secularism reigns:

 

...The complete secularization of science, education, industry, and society can lead only to disaster. During the first third of the twentieth century Urantians killed more human beings than were killed during the whole of the Christian dispensation up to that time. And this is only the beginning of the dire harvest of materialism and secularism; still more terrible destruction is yet to come.... P.2082 - 5

 

 

We pay dearly for nationalism, don't we?! These words should be emblazoned in the mind of every child and adult on the planet, lest we forget. From today's reading:

 

...War is not man's great and terrible disease; war is a symptom, a result. The real disease is the virus of national sovereignty.... P.1491 - 1

 

 

***

 

From today's reading:

 

...Local affairs will be handled by local governments; national affairs, by national governments; international affairs will be administered by global government.... P.1491 - 2

 

 

It's difficult to imagine my nation ever giving over its sovereignty to world government. People of almost every nation on Urantia find it difficult, don't we? But the idea of one world government is not new, in fact there are groups already advocating for it, and against it:

 

World government is the notion of a single common political authority for all of humanity. Its modern conception is rooted in European history, particularly in the philosophy of ancient Greece, in the political formation of the Roman Empire, and in the subsequent struggle between secular authority, represented by the Holy Roman Emperor, and ecclesiastical authority, represented by the Pope.

 

As of 2013, there is no functioning worldwide military, executive, legislature, judiciary, or constitution with jurisdiction over the entire planet. The United Nations is limited to a mostly advisory role, and its stated purpose is to foster cooperation between existing national governments rather than exert authority over them.

 

...International organizations started forming in the late 19th century – the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1863, the Telegraphic Union in 1865 and the Universal Postal Union in 1874. The increase in international trade at the turn of the 20th century accelerated the formation of international organizations, and, by the start of World War I in 1914, there were approximately 450 of them. Support for the idea of establishing international law grew during that period as well. The Institute of International Law was formed in 1873 by the Belgian Jurist Gustave Rolin-Jaequemyns, leading to the creation of concrete legal drafts, for example by the Swiss Johaan Bluntschli in 1866.In 1883, James Lorimer published "The Institutes of the Law of Nations" in which he explored the idea of a world government establishing the global rule of law. The first embryonic world parliament, called the Inter-Parliamentary Union, was organized in 1886 by Cremer and Passy, composed of legislators from many countries. In 1904 the Union formally proposed "an international congress which should meet periodically to discuss international questions".

 

...League of Nations

 

The League of Nations (LoN) was an inter-governmental organization founded as a result of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919–1920. At its largest size from 28 September 1934 to 23 February 1935, it had 58 members. The League's goals included upholding the Rights of Man, such as the rights of non-whites, women, and soldiers; disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries through negotiation, diplomacy, and improving global quality of life. The diplomatic philosophy behind the League represented a fundamental shift in thought from the preceding hundred years. The League lacked its own armed force and so depended on the Great Powers to enforce its resolutions and economic sanctions and provide an army, when needed. However, these powers proved reluctant to do so. Lacking many of the key elements necessary to maintain world peace, the League failed to prevent World War II. Hitler withdrew Germany from the League of Nations once he planned to take over Europe. The rest of the Axis powers soon followed him. Having failed its primary goal, the League of Nations fell apart and eventually was transformed into the United Nations.

 

 

Source/More

 

***

 

More liberty with global government!?:

 

...Under global government the national groups will be afforded a real opportunity to realize and enjoy the personal liberties of genuine democracy.... P.1491 - 5

 

 

This prediction in today's reading:

 

...Soon may a global language evolve, and there will be at least some hope of sometime having a global religion--or religions with a global viewpoint.... P.1491 - 5

 

...is reflected in Paper 55:3:

 

...No evolutionary world can hope to progress beyond the first stage of settledness in light until it has achieved one language, one religion, and one philosophy. Being of one race greatly facilitates such achievement, but the many peoples of Urantia do not preclude the attainment of higher stages.... P.626 - 11

 

...and in Paper 52:5:

 

...Throughout this epoch there is a gradual lessening of governmental supervision. True self-government is beginning to function; fewer and fewer restrictive laws are necessary. The military branches of national resistance are passing away; the era of international harmony is really arriving. There are many nations, mostly determined by land distribution, but only one race, one language, and one religion. Mortal affairs are almost, but not quite, utopian. This truly is a great and glorious age! P.597 - 1

 

 

 

And the last paragraph of this five page essay on Jesus' teachings at Urmia states once more:

 

...The political sovereignty of representative mankind government will bring lasting peace on earth, and the spiritual brotherhood of man will forever insure good will among all men. And there is no other way whereby peace on earth and good will among men can be realized.... P.1491 - 7

 

 

Evidently peace was not to be the end of Cymboyton's grand idea of harmony and cooperation under God, even on a tiny, remote lake island. And it was certain unbending new Christians who precipitated the school's demise, and the burning of the Master's thesis:

 

...As confusion increased in the faculty, the three brothers withdrew their financial support, and after five years the school closed. Later it was reopened as a Mithraic temple and eventually burned down in connection with one of their orgiastic celebrations.... P.1491 - 10

 

 

 

Tomorrow's reading, Section 7. The Thirty-First Year (A.D. 25), finds the Master in Syria, as he contemplates his next great step, up to the top of Mount Hermon.

 

Overview of Paper 134. The Transition Years

 

1. The Thirtieth Year (A.D. 24)

2. The Caravan Trip to the Caspian

3. The Urmia Lectures

4. Sovereignty — Divine and Human

5. Political Sovereignty

6. Law, Liberty, and Sovereignty

7. The Thirty-First Year (A.D. 25)

8. The Sojourn on Mount Hermon

9. The Time of Waiting

 

This group of papers [120-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.... P.1321 (120:0:0)

 

 

 

Thanks for reading. Members' thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. These daily presentations also appear on UAI's new home on the Web, with a vast social network, a host of new features, and many, many study tools and aids. NEW WEBSITE

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

***

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Today's Presentation:


PAPER 134 - THE TRANSITION YEARS
7. THE THIRTY-FIRST YEAR (A.D. 25)
P.1492 - §1 When Jesus returned from the journey to the Caspian Sea, he knew that his world travels were about finished. He made only one more trip outside of Palestine, and that was into Syria. After a brief visit to Capernaum, he went to Nazareth, stopping over a few days to visit. In the middle of April he left Nazareth for Tyre. From there he journeyed on north, tarrying for a few days at Sidon, but his destination was Antioch.
P.1492 - §2 This is the year of Jesus' solitary wanderings through Palestine and Syria. Throughout this year of travel he was known by various names in different parts of the country: the carpenter of Nazareth, the boatbuilder of Capernaum, the scribe of Damascus, and the teacher of Alexandria.
P.1492 - §3 At Antioch the Son of Man lived for over two months, working, observing, studying, visiting, ministering, and all the while learning how man lives, how he thinks, feels, and reacts to the environment of human existence. For three weeks of this period he worked as a tentmaker. He remained longer in Antioch than at any other place he visited on this trip. Ten years later, when the Apostle Paul was preaching in Antioch and heard his followers speak of the doctrines of the Damascus scribe, he little knew that his pupils had heard the voice, and listened to the teachings, of the Master himself.
P.1492 - §4 From Antioch Jesus journeyed south along the coast to Caesarea, where he tarried for a few weeks, continuing down the coast to Joppa. From Joppa he traveled inland to Jamnia, Ashdod, and Gaza. From Gaza he took the inland trail to Beersheba, where he remained for a week.
P.1492 - §5 Jesus then started on his final tour, as a private individual, through the heart of Palestine, going from Beersheba in the south to Dan in the north. On this journey northward he stopped at Hebron, Bethlehem (where he saw his birthplace), Jerusalem (he did not visit Bethany), Beeroth, Lebonah, Sychar, Shechem, Samaria, Geba, En-Gannim, Endor, Madon; passing through Magdala and Capernaum, he journeyed on north; and passing east of the Waters of Merom, he went by Karahta to Dan, or Caesarea Philippi.
P.1492 - §6 The indwelling Thought Adjuster now led Jesus to forsake the dwelling places of men and betake himself up to Mount Hermon that he might finish his work of mastering his human mind and complete the task of effecting his full consecration to the remainder of his lifework on earth.
P.1492 - §7 This was one of those unusual and extraordinary epochs in the Master's earth life on Urantia. Another and very similar one was the experience he passed through when alone in the hills near Pella just subsequent to his baptism. This period of isolation on Mount Hermon marked the termination of his purely human career, that is, the technical termination of the mortal bestowal, while the later isolation marked the beginning of the more divine phase of the bestowal. And Jesus lived alone with God for six weeks on the slopes of Mount Hermon.


***







[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Good Day NelsonG, Carolyn, Alina, Raymond, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Guests,

 

...When Jesus returned from the journey to the Caspian Sea, he knew that his world travels were about finished.... P.1492 - 1

 

Jesus was always doing Father's will, so it seems significant to point out that God obviously decided he was not to spend 80, 90 or 100 years teaching and preaching on Urantia, that his time was short--in human terms at least.

 

After a visit to Capernaum he goes on one last excursion, once again into Syria, up the Palestine coast, then back down to Judea and back up to Mt Hermon area.

 

...In the middle of April he left Nazareth for Tyre. From there he journeyed on north, tarrying for a few days at Sidon, but his destination was Antioch.... P.1492 - 1

 

_map_antioch.jpg

Map Source

 

This map shows most of the other cites and areas cited in today's reading:

gospel_map_bw.jpg

Map Source

 

 

...he journeyed on north; and passing east of the Waters of Merom, he went by Karahta to Dan.... P.1492 - 5

 

You can see the "Waters of Merom" just west of the Sea of Galilee (Chinnereth), and Dan is north near the intersection of H2.

 

ot_israel-flat.jpg

Map Source

 

***

 

...The indwelling Thought Adjuster now led Jesus to forsake the dwelling places of men and betake himself up to Mount Hermon.... P.1492 - 6

hermon.gif

Map Source

 

From today's reading:

 

...Another and very similar one was the experience he passed through when alone in the hills near Pella just subsequent to his baptism.... P.1492 - 7

 

From the introduction to Paper 137:

 

...Early on Saturday morning, February 23, A.D. 26, Jesus came down from the hills to rejoin John's company encamped at Pella.... P.1524 - 1

 

pella-and-rihab.jpg

Map Source

 

 

...And Jesus lived alone with God for six weeks on the slopes of Mount Hermon....P.1492 - 7

 

800px-Hermonsnow.jpg

Mount Hermon

Photo Source

 

Tomorrow's reading, Section 8. The Sojourn on Mount Hermon, reveals one of the most fascinating episodes of his life, where he climbs a great mountain and actually meets with the instigators of the Satania rebellion that led 37 worlds astray, Satan and Caligastia, his own defaulted sons and disloyal administrators, who then tempt the Sovereign of Nebadon, try to separate him from the will of the Father of all.

 

 

Overview of Paper 134. The Transition Years

1. The Thirtieth Year (A.D. 24)

2. The Caravan Trip to the Caspian

3. The Urmia Lectures

4. Sovereignty — Divine and Human

5. Political Sovereignty

6. Law, Liberty, and Sovereignty

7. The Thirty-First Year (A.D. 25)

8. The Sojourn on Mount Hermon

9. The Time of Waiting

This group of papers [120-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.... P.1321 (120:0:0)

 

 

 

Thanks for reading. Members' thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. These daily presentations also appear on UAI's new home on the Web, with a vast social network, a host of new features, and many, many study tools and aids. NEW WEBSITE

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

***

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Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 134 - THE TRANSITION YEARS
8. THE SOJOURN ON MOUNT HERMON
P.1492 - §8 After spending some time in the vicinity of Caesarea Philippi, Jesus made ready his supplies, and securing a beast of burden and a lad named Tiglath, he proceeded along the Damascus road to a village sometime known as Beit Jenn in the foothills of Mount Hermon. Here, near the middle of August, A.D. 25, he established his headquarters, and leaving his supplies in the custody of Tiglath, he ascended the lonely slopes of the mountain. Tiglath accompanied Jesus this first day up the mountain to a designated point about 6,000 feet above sea level, where they built a stone container in which Tiglath was to deposit food twice a week.
P.1493 - §1 The first day, after he had left Tiglath, Jesus had ascended the mountain only a short way when he paused to pray. Among other things he asked his Father to send back the guardian seraphim to "be with Tiglath." He requested that he be permitted to go up to his last struggle with the realities of mortal existence alone. And his request was granted. He went into the great test with only his indwelling Adjuster to guide and sustain him.
P.1493 - §2 Jesus ate frugally while on the mountain; he abstained from all food only a day or two at a time. The superhuman beings who confronted him on this mountain, and with whom he wrestled in spirit, and whom he defeated in power, were real; they were his archenemies in the system of Satania; they were not phantasms of the imagination evolved out of the intellectual vagaries of a weakened and starving mortal who could not distinguish reality from the visions of a disordered mind.
P.1493 - §3 Jesus spent the last three weeks of August and the first three weeks of September on Mount Hermon. During these weeks he finished the mortal task of achieving the circles of mind-understanding and personality-control. Throughout this period of communion with his heavenly Father the indwelling Adjuster also completed the assigned services. The mortal goal of this earth creature was there attained. Only the final phase of mind and Adjuster attunement remained to be consummated.
P.1493 - §4 After more than five weeks of unbroken communion with his Paradise Father, Jesus became absolutely assured of his nature and of the certainty of his triumph over the material levels of time-space personality manifestation. He fully believed in, and did not hesitate to assert, the ascendancy of his divine nature over his human nature.
P.1493 - §5 Near the end of the mountain sojourn Jesus asked his Father if he might be permitted to hold conference with his Satania enemies as the Son of Man, as Joshua ben Joseph. This request was granted. During the last week on Mount Hermon the great temptation, the universe trial, occurred. Satan (representing Lucifer) and the rebellious Planetary Prince, Caligastia, were present with Jesus and were made fully visible to him. And this "temptation," this final trial of human loyalty in the face of the misrepresentations of rebel personalities, had not to do with food, temple pinnacles, or presumptuous acts. It had not to do with the kingdoms of this world but with the sovereignty of a mighty and glorious universe. The symbolism of your records was intended for the backward ages of the world's childlike thought. And subsequent generations should understand what a great struggle the Son of Man passed through that eventful day on Mount Hermon.
P.1493 - §6 To the many proposals and counterproposals of the emissaries of Lucifer, Jesus only made reply: "May the will of my Paradise Father prevail, and you, my rebellious son, may the Ancients of Days judge you divinely. I am your Creator-father; I can hardly judge you justly, and my mercy you have already spurned. I commit you to the adjudication of the Judges of a greater universe."
P.1494 - §1 To all the Lucifer-suggested compromises and makeshifts, to all such specious proposals about the incarnation bestowal, Jesus only made reply, "The will of my Father in Paradise be done." And when the trying ordeal was finished, the detached guardian seraphim returned to Jesus' side and ministered to him.
P.1494 - §2 On an afternoon in late summer, amid the trees and in the silence of nature, Michael of Nebadon won the unquestioned sovereignty of his universe. On that day he completed the task set for Creator Sons to live to the full the incarnated life in the likeness of mortal flesh on the evolutionary worlds of time and space. The universe announcement of this momentous achievement was not made until the day of his baptism, months afterward, but it all really took place that day on the mountain. And when Jesus came down from his sojourn on Mount Hermon, the Lucifer rebellion in Satania and the Caligastia secession on Urantia were virtually settled. Jesus had paid the last price required of him to attain the sovereignty of his universe, which in itself regulates the status of all rebels and determines that all such future upheavals (if they ever occur) may be dealt with summarily and effectively. Accordingly, it may be seen that the so-called "great temptation" of Jesus took place some time before his baptism and not just after that event.
P.1494 - §3 At the end of this sojourn on the mountain, as Jesus was making his descent, he met Tiglath coming up to the rendezvous with food. Turning him back, he said only: "The period of rest is over; I must return to my Father's business." He was a silent and much changed man as they journeyed back to Dan, where he took leave of the lad, giving him the donkey. He then proceeded south by the same way he had come, to Capernaum.


***







[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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.

 

 

Good Day NelsonG, Carolyn, Alina, Raymond, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Guests,

 

mount-hermon.jpg

Photo Source

 

mount_hermon.jpg

Map Source

 

It was late summer in Palestine, the weather was probably warm during the day and cool at night high up on Mt. Hermon. You reckon the only reason he chose to go up a mountain to do this was so he would have absolute privacy? Evidently he wanted no human to see what happened there. Indeed, what human could understand what he went through? They would have thought him mad for isolating himself for six weeks and speaking to multiple invisible beings.

 

We have only a few hundred words in today's reading that outline this pivotal event, the settling of the affairs of a whole local universe. An incarnated God meets his archenemies (and sons) for a final showdown, and thereby ended the Lucifer rebellion. Surely we will be permitted to see the whole, enthralling story re-enacted on Mansonia.

 

...he proceeded along the Damascus road to a village sometime known as Beit Jenn in the foothills of Mount Hermon.... P.1492 - 8

 

There are two villages in the area, with similar names, that might be the one referred to in today's reading:

 

 

 

Beit Jinn is a town in southern Syria, administratively part of the Rif Dimashq Governorate, located southwest of Damascus on the foothills of Mount Hermon.

 

Source

 

Beit Jann is an Arab village on Mt. Meron, in northern Israel. At 940 meters above sea level, Beit Jann is one of the highest inhabited locations in the country.

 

Source

 

 

 

***

 

 

...He went into the great test with only his indwelling Adjuster to guide and sustain him.... P.1493 - 1

 

Why was this a "great test"? Because he might be tempted to let his rebel sons off the hook? Because he might be lured into usurping the authority of the Ancients of Days? Because he had to prove to his onlooking universe that goodness and patience are the only truly divine way? What a scene it must have been for all celestial intelligences to witness. Obviously it was not a physical struggle on Mt. Hermon, but it was real. Real is the only word italicized in today's reading:

 

...The superhuman beings who confronted him on this mountain, and with whom he wrestled in spirit, and whom he defeated in power, were real.... P.1493 - 2

 

About the circles...

 

...During these weeks he finished the mortal task of achieving the circles of mind-understanding and personality-control.... P.1493 - 3

 

...see Paper 110 6. The Seven Psychic Circles

 

 

How rare this achievement?:

 

...Jesus became absolutely assured of his nature and of the certainty of his triumph over the material levels of time-space personality manifestation.... P.1493 - 4

 

We must here ask if everyone has this potential? And should we each one set aside a time, at some point in life, to go alone to be with our Adjuster and attempt to ascend the final circles?

 

 

Apparently Jesus did not HAVE TO confront the rebels, he wanted to:

 

...Jesus asked his Father if he might be permitted to hold conference with his Satania enemies as the Son of Man, as Joshua ben Joseph.... P.1493 - 5

 

***

 

Interesting isn't it that Lucifer, the primary instigator of the rebellion, didn't bother to attend this meeting? He sent Satan in his place:

 

...Satan (representing Lucifer) and the rebellious Planetary Prince, Caligastia, were present with Jesus and were made fully visible to him.... P.1493 - 5

 

The Midwayers cite the Biblical version of the Mt. Hermon meeting:

 

...The symbolism of your records was intended for the backward ages of the world's childlike thought.... P.1493 - 5

 

Matthew, Mark and Luke all record it in distorted form. One has to wonder who was their source:

 

 

 

Luke 4:2 "Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered."

 

Mark 1:13 "And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him."

 

Matthew 4:2 "And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred."

 

Luke 4:2-13 "Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered. And the devil said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread. And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God. And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it. If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine. And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence: For it is written, He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee: And in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone. And Jesus answering said unto him, It is said, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season."

 

Mark 1:13 "And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him."

 

Matthew 4:3-11 "And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple, And saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone. Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him."

 

 

 

 

 

***

 

It's difficult to imagine what all he endured for days on end, but the Midwayers (and the Biblical text) suggest he was enticed with every manner of gift and persuasion:

 

...To the many proposals and counterproposals of the emissaries of Lucifer, Jesus only made reply: "May the will of my Paradise Father prevail, and you, my rebellious son, may the Ancients of Days judge you divinely.... P.1493 - 6

 

What could they offer him that he didn't already have? It was much like the tail attempting to wag the dog, no? He was their creator, not the other way around. Obviously they were simply fools pretending to be masters. What else can we conclude when all the facts are known?

 

More about the Ancients of Days

 

 

Such a strange, unique event, but we are informed that it was exhausting, even for this incarnated God. So much so that a (detached!?) angel was allowed to comfort him:

 

...And when the trying ordeal was finished, the detached guardian seraphim returned to Jesus' side and ministered to him.... P.1494 - 1

 

***

 

We will read much more about his Baptism in the next Paper.

 

In today's reading the Midwayers correct the Biblical record:

 

...Accordingly, it may be seen that the so-called "great temptation" of Jesus took place some time before his baptism and not just after that event.... P.1494 - 2

 

This six weeks sojourn on Mt. Hermon transformed Jesus. How could it not!?

 

...He was a silent and much changed man as they journeyed back to Dan, where he took leave of the lad, giving him the donkey.... P.1494 - 3

 

Lucky Tiglath, for getting a small but necessary role in the most important event of Jesus' life on Urantia, and for gaining a beast as payment. Tiglath is cited a few more times in the UB, but never is he directly involved in the remainder of Jesus' life.

 

Jesus' next move is amazing and stunning for its lack of anything spectacular. He goes back to work building boats with his brother! But not for long. He went up on Mt. Hermon in August, came down in September, and worked with James and the Zebedees until January.Then something crucial happened. Tomorrow's reading, Section 9. The Time of Waiting, is the final bit of 134. It has that most famous of phrases come to be associated with the Master: "my hour has come".

 

Overview of Paper 134. The Transition Years

 

1. The Thirtieth Year (A.D. 24)

2. The Caravan Trip to the Caspian

3. The Urmia Lectures

4. Sovereignty — Divine and Human

5. Political Sovereignty

6. Law, Liberty, and Sovereignty

7. The Thirty-First Year (A.D. 25)

8. The Sojourn on Mount Hermon

9. The Time of Waiting

 

This group of papers [120-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.... P.1321 (120:0:0)

 

 

 

Thanks for reading. Members' thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. These daily presentations also appear on UAI's new home on the Web, with a vast social network, a host of new features, and many, many study tools and aids. NEW WEBSITE

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

***

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Rick Warren, on 18 Jun 2013 - 07:59 AM, said:

 

How rare this achievement?:

 

...Jesus became absolutely assured of his nature and of the certainty of his triumph over the material levels of time-space personality manifestation.... P.1493 - 4

 

We must here ask if everyone has this potential? And should we each one set aside a time, at some point in life, to go alone to be with our Adjuster and attempt to ascend the final circles?

 

 

Hello Rick! :)

 

I believe that in fact, we have that potential, that of overcoming evil. in its many manifestations and triumph over the material levels

The achievement of Jesus on Mount Hermon shows, to me, that there are possibilities of struggle and choice.

There are tests, there are opportunities ...

For Jesus was the greatest test for the final achievement, for it he said, “The period of rest is over; I must return to my Father’s business.He was a silent and much changed man..." 134:8.10

 

Of course he had changed...

Of course, he felt this change and was silent ... if Jesus was a new man probably many new thoughts hovered in his mind.

 

A Wonderful event!

 

Some quotes reminders:

 

(616.1) 54:4.2 Parents, those who have borne and reared children,are better able to understand why Michael, a Creator-father,might be slow to condemn and destroy his own Sons. Jesus’ story of the prodigal son well illustrates how a loving father can long wait for the repentance of an erring child.

 

(617.6) 54:5.6 5. Regardless of Michael’s attitude toward Lucifer, notwithstanding his being Lucifer’s Creator-father, it was not in the province of the Creator Son to exercise summary jurisdiction over the apostate System Sovereign because he had not then completed his bestowal career, thereby attaining unqualified sovereignty of Nebadon.

 

Much Love...

 

Alina

***

Edited by Alina
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Hello Rick! :)

 

I believe that in fact, we have that potential, that of overcoming evil. in its many manifestations and triumph over the material levels

The achievement of Jesus on Mount Hermon shows, to me, that there are possibilities of struggle and choice.

There are tests, there are opportunities ...

For Jesus was the greatest test for the final achievement, for it he said, “The period of rest is over; I must return to my Father’s business.He was a silent and much changed man..." 134:8.10

 

Of course he had changed...

Of course, he felt this change and was silent ... if Jesus was a new man probably many new thoughts hovered in his mind.

 

A Wonderful event!

 

Some quotes reminders:

 

(616.1) 54:4.2 Parents, those who have borne and reared children,are better able to understand why Michael, a Creator-father,might be slow to condemn and destroy his own Sons. Jesus’ story of the prodigal son well illustrates how a loving father can long wait for the repentance of an erring child.

 

(617.6) 54:5.6 5. Regardless of Michael’s attitude toward Lucifer, notwithstanding his being Lucifer’s Creator-father, it was not in the province of the Creator Son to exercise summary jurisdiction over the apostate System Sovereign because he had not then completed his bestowal career, thereby attaining unqualified sovereignty of Nebadon.

 

Much Love...

 

Alina

***

 

 

Hi Alina,

 

Agree, it was a wonderful event, a positive sign of God's benign over-control mixed with mercy and finally justice. Hope we can someday learn all that transpired up there at his campsite. You get the sense that Jesus' perspective on his mission and his former life ballooned enormously while on Mt Hermon, don't you? And his old self just dropped away, scaffolding that is was.

 

Those are perfect quotes to go with this. Thank you.

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Hi Alina,

 

Agree, it was a wonderful event, a positive sign of God's benign over-control mixed with mercy and finally justice. Hope we can someday learn all that transpired up there at his campsite. You get the sense that Jesus' perspective on his mission and his former life ballooned enormously while on Mt Hermon, don't you? And his old self just dropped away, scaffolding that is was.

 

Those are perfect quotes to go with this. Thank you.

Yes Rick! For me, absolutely amazing, awesome event in the life of the Master.

For once and forever, in one action Superhuman Jesus accomplished overcome evil.

Something that costs us... step ... by ... step ...

 

To think that we

have shown a Jesus of miracles!

But... How small! are those

miracles.True?

 

Thank You!

 

Alina :)

***

Edited by Alina
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Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 134 - THE TRANSITION YEARS
9. THE TIME OF WAITING
P.1494 - §4 It was now near the end of the summer, about the time of the day of atonement and the feast of tabernacles. Jesus had a family meeting in Capernaum over the Sabbath and the next day started for Jerusalem with John the son of Zebedee, going to the east of the lake and by Gerasa and on down the Jordan valley. While he visited some with his companion on the way, John noted a great change in Jesus.
P.1494 - §5 Jesus and John stopped overnight at Bethany with Lazarus and his sisters, going early the next morning to Jerusalem. They spent almost three weeks in and around the city, at least John did. Many days John went into Jerusalem alone while Jesus walked about over the near-by hills and engaged in many seasons of spiritual communion with his Father in heaven.
P.1494 - §6 Both of them were present at the solemn services of the day of atonement. John was much impressed by the ceremonies of this day of all days in the Jewish religious ritual, but Jesus remained a thoughtful and silent spectator. To the Son of Man this performance was pitiful and pathetic. He viewed it all as misrepresentative of the character and attributes of his Father in heaven. He looked upon the doings of this day as a travesty upon the facts of divine justice and the truths of infinite mercy. He burned to give vent to the declaration of the real truth about his Father's loving character and merciful conduct in the universe, but his faithful Monitor admonished him that his hour had not yet come. But that night, at Bethany, Jesus did drop numerous remarks which greatly disturbed John; and John never fully understood the real significance of what Jesus said in their hearing that evening.
P.1495 - §1 Jesus planned to remain throughout the week of the feast of tabernacles with John. This feast was the annual holiday of all Palestine; it was the Jewish vacation time. Although Jesus did not participate in the merriment of the occasion, it was evident that he derived pleasure and experienced satisfaction as he beheld the lighthearted and joyous abandon of the young and the old.
P.1495 - §2 In the midst of the week of celebration and ere the festivities were finished, Jesus took leave of John, saying that he desired to retire to the hills where he might the better commune with his Paradise Father. John would have gone with him, but Jesus insisted that he stay through the festivities, saying: "It is not required of you to bear the burden of the Son of Man; only the watchman must keep vigil while the city sleeps in peace." Jesus did not return to Jerusalem. After almost a week alone in the hills near Bethany, he departed for Capernaum. On the way home he spent a day and a night alone on the slopes of Gilboa, near where King Saul had taken his life; and when he arrived at Capernaum, he seemed more cheerful than when he had left John in Jerusalem.
P.1495 - §3 The next morning Jesus went to the chest containing his personal effects, which had remained in Zebedee's workshop, put on his apron, and presented himself for work, saying, "It behooves me to keep busy while I wait for my hour to come." And he worked several months, until January of the following year, in the boatshop, by the side of his brother James. After this period of working with Jesus, no matter what doubts came up to becloud James's understanding of the lifework of the Son of Man, he never again really and wholly gave up his faith in the mission of Jesus.
P.1495 - §4 During this final period of Jesus' work at the boatshop, he spent most of his time on the interior finishing of some of the larger craft. He took great pains with all his handiwork and seemed to experience the satisfaction of human achievement when he had completed a commendable piece of work. Though he wasted little time upon trifles, he was a painstaking workman when it came to the essentials of any given undertaking.
P.1495 - §5 As time passed, rumors came to Capernaum of one John who was preaching while baptizing penitents in the Jordan, and John preached: "The kingdom of heaven is at hand; repent and be baptized." Jesus listened to these reports as John slowly worked his way up the Jordan valley from the ford of the river nearest to Jerusalem. But Jesus worked on, making boats, until John had journeyed up the river to a point near Pella in the month of January of the next year, A.D. 26, when he laid down his tools, declaring, "My hour has come," and presently presented himself to John for baptism.
P.1495 - §6 But a great change had been coming over Jesus. Few of the people who had enjoyed his visits and ministrations as he had gone up and down in the land ever subsequently recognized in the public teacher the same person they had known and loved as a private individual in former years. And there was a reason for this failure of his early beneficiaries to recognize him in his later role of public and authoritative teacher. For long years this transformation of mind and spirit had been in progress, and it was finished during the eventful sojourn on Mount Hermon.


***







[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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