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PAPER 124 - THE LATER CHILDHOOD OF JESUS

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 124 - THE LATER CHILDHOOD OF JESUS

 

 

[introduction]

 

 

P.1366 - 1 Although Jesus might have enjoyed a better opportunity for schooling at Alexandria than in Galilee, he could not have had such a splendid environment for working out his own life problems with a minimum of educational guidance, at the same time enjoying the great advantage of constantly contacting with such a large number of all classes of men and women hailing from every part of the civilized world. Had he remained at Alexandria, his education would have been directed by Jews and along exclusively Jewish lines. At Nazareth he secured an education and received a training which more acceptably prepared him to understand the gentiles, and which gave him a better and more balanced idea of the relative merits of the Eastern, or Babylonian, and the Western, or Hellenic, views of Hebrew theology.

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings Carolyn, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends and Visitors :D

 

And welcome everyone to the opening presentation of Paper 124, a very informative Paper with unknown stories about the rearing of "a child of destiny", the first born of Joseph and Mary, a Hebrew couple who lived and raised this young man at the western end of the fertile crescent, in Palestine Israel over 2000 years ago, around Galilee.

 

Map-Galilee-Northern-Palestine.gif

 

Map Source

 

***

 

Synopsis of Paper 124:

 

Jesus delighted in drawing landscapes and modeling in clay, but these activities were forbidden by Jewish law. One day when Jesus was nine years old he drew a charcoal likeness of his teacher. The elders of the community, after viewing his drawing, sent a committee to demand that Joseph suppress this behavior in his son.

 

Jesus listened to the discussion between his father and the elders. Resentful that they blamed Joseph for this misdeed, Jesus insisted on being heard by the committee. He defended his viewpoint courageously, then announced that he would abide by the decision of his father. Jesus never again drew or modeled in clay as long as he lived in Joseph's house; giving up this favorite pastime was one of the trials of his youth.

 

Jesus' sister Martha was born in 3 AD. This year Joseph built an addition onto the house, a combined workshop and bedroom. Jesus had his own workbench and tools, and eventually became proficient at making yokes. His trips away from home during his breaks from school did much to help him understand his own family, and his parents began to learn from him as well as teach him.

 

When Jesus was ten, he began to become aware of the nature of his life mission. His parents listened to his comments, but neither one volunteered information about what they knew. At school, he was constantly asking questions. His most unusual trait was his unwillingness to fight for himself, and his friend Jacob saw that no one took advantage of Jesus' aversion to fighting. This year he also began to show a preference for the company of older people, delighting in discussing culture, education, economics, politics, and religion. Jesus spent a lot of time at the caravan supply shop, conversing with travelers from around the world. He was a born leader, even when engaged in play. Joseph began to teach Jesus about the various ways of making a living.

 

When Jesus was eleven his brother Jude was born. Complications from the birth made Mary so ill that Joseph remained at home for several weeks. Jesus became occupied with many duties caused by his mother's illness, and was compelled to assume the responsibilities of first-born son two years earlier than was normally the custom.

 

In May, 5 AD, Jesus and Joseph traveled to the Greek city Scythopolis on business. It was time for the annual competitive athletic games, and Jesus insisted that his father take him to the amphitheater to watch. Joseph was shocked to see his son's enthusiasm for these games; it was the only time in his life that Joseph was visibly angry with Jesus. Jesus remained unconvinced of the evil of such games, but never again discussed his opinion of athletics while Joseph lived.

 

Jesus taught home school for his sisters and brothers. He began to notice the difference between Joseph's and Mary's views about the nature of his life's mission. He was inclined to favor his father's viewpoint, that his was a spiritual mission. As time went on, Jesus did much to modify the family's practice of prayer and other religious customs. He also struggled to alleviate his personal conflict between loyalty to his convictions and duty to his family.

 

A new brother, Amos, was born in 7 AD. This was also the year that Jesus graduated from the Nazareth synagogue school, which gave him the right to participate in the Passover celebrations in Jerusalem. On the day before the Passover Sabbath, a messenger from Salvington appeared to Jesus, declaring, "The hour has come. It is time that you began to be about your Father's business." Jesus was not yet thirteen years old.

 

Source

 

***

 

Papers 121 to 196 were authored by Midwayers under a Melchizedek's scrutiny.

Overview of 124. The Later Childhood of Jesus

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

***

 

In today's reading Eastern and Western theology are cited:

...which gave him a better and more balanced idea of the relative merits of the Eastern, or Babylonian, and the Western, or Hellenic, views of Hebrew theology....
P.1366 - 1

 

About the Babylonian theology, from Paper 95:1:

...The Salem teachers greatly reduced the number of the gods of Mesopotamia, at one time bringing the chief deities down to seven: Bel, Shamash, Nabu, Anu, Ea, Marduk, and Sin.
At the height of the new teaching they exalted three of these gods to supremacy over all others, the Babylonian triad: Bel, Ea, and Anu, the gods of earth, sea, and sky.
Still other triads grew up in different localities, all reminiscent of the trinity teachings of the Andites and the Sumerians and based on the belief of the Salemites in Melchizedek's insignia of the three circles....
P.1042 - 5

 

On Hellenic theology, from Paper 98:1:

...The Hellenic Greeks found the Mediterranean world largely dominated by the mother cult, and they imposed upon these peoples their man-god, Dyaus-Zeus, who had already become, like Yahweh among the henotheistic Semites, head of the whole Greek pantheon of subordinate gods. And the Greeks would have eventually achieved a true monotheism in the concept of Zeus except for their retention of the overcontrol of Fate. A God of final value must, himself, be the arbiter of fate and the creator of destiny....
P.1078 - 1

 

From 98:2:

...The evolution of religious philosophy among the Hellenic and Hebrew peoples affords a contrastive illustration of the function of the church as an institution in the shaping of cultural progress. In Palestine, human thought was so priest-controlled and scripture-directed that philosophy and aesthetics were entirely submerged in religion and morality. In Greece, the almost complete absence of priests and "sacred scriptures" left the human mind free and unfettered, resulting in a startling development in depth of thought. But religion as a personal experience failed to keep pace with the intellectual probings into the nature and reality of the cosmos....
P.1079 - 4

 

 

 

 

Tomorrow's reading tells of Joshua's artistic side trying to emerge in a repressive environment, and a mountain climb with his father. Section 1 is titled: THE LATER CHILDHOOD OF JESUS

 

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

 

 

 

***

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 124 - THE LATER CHILDHOOD OF JESUS

 

 

1. JESUS' NINTH YEAR (A.D. 3)

 

 

[Part 1 of 2]

 

 

P.1366 - §2 Though it could hardly be said that Jesus was ever seriously ill, he did have some of the minor ailments of childhood this year, along with his brothers and baby sister.

 

P.1366 - §3 School went on and he was still a favored pupil, having one week each month at liberty, and he continued to divide his time about equally between trips to neighboring cities with his father, sojourns on his uncle's farm south of Nazareth, and fishing excursions out from Magdala.

 

 

P.1366 - §4 The most serious trouble as yet to come up at school occurred in late winter when Jesus dared to challenge the chazan regarding the teaching that all images, pictures, and drawings were idolatrous in nature. Jesus delighted in drawing landscapes as well as in modeling a great variety of objects in potter's clay. Everything of that sort was strictly forbidden by Jewish law, but up to this time he had managed to disarm his parents' objection to such an extent that they had permitted him to continue in these activities.

 

P.1366 - §5 But trouble was again stirred up at school when one of the more backward pupils discovered Jesus drawing a charcoal picture of the teacher on the floor of the schoolroom. There it was, plain as day, and many of the elders had viewed it before the committee went to call on Joseph to demand that something be done to suppress the lawlessness of his eldest son. And though this was not the first time complaints had come to Joseph and Mary about the doings of their versatile and aggressive child, this was the most serious of all the accusations which had thus far been lodged against him. Jesus listened to the indictment of his artistic efforts for some time, being seated on a large stone just outside the back door. He resented their blaming his father for his alleged misdeeds; so in he marched, fearlessly confronting his accusers. The elders were thrown into confusion. Some were inclined to view the episode humorously, while one or two seemed to think the boy was sacrilegious if not blasphemous. Joseph was nonplused, Mary indignant, but Jesus insisted on being heard. He had his say, courageously defended his viewpoint, and with consummate self-control announced that he would abide by the decision of his father in this as in all other matters controversial. And the committee of elders departed in silence.

 

P.1367 - §1 Mary endeavored to influence Joseph to permit Jesus to model in clay at home, provided he promised not to carry on any of these questionable activities at school, but Joseph felt impelled to rule that the rabbinical interpretation of the second commandment should prevail. And so Jesus no more drew or modeled the likeness of anything from that day as long as he lived in his father's house. But he was unconvinced of the wrong of what he had done, and to give up such a favorite pastime constituted one of the great trials of his young life.

 

 

P.1367 - §2 In the latter part of June, Jesus, in company with his father, first climbed to the summit of Mount Tabor. It was a clear day and the view was superb. It seemed to this nine-year-old lad that he had really gazed upon the entire world excepting India, Africa, and Rome.

 

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings Carolyn, Carola, Brad, NelsonG, Raymond, Rick B, Pike, Fellow Students, Forum Friends and Visitors,

 

Apparently young Joshua suffered illness like we all did:

...he did have some of the minor ailments of childhood this year, along with his brothers and baby sister....
P.1366 - 2

 

About Magdala, where he went fishing:

...he continued to divide his time about equally between trips to neighboring cities with his father, sojourns on his uncle's farm south of Nazareth, and fishing excursions out from Magdala....
P.1366 - 3

 

Magdala_google.jpg

 

magadala3s.jpg

 

 

Photo Source

 

[Magdala is reputed to be the home of Mary Magdalene]

 

***

 

Today a child would most likely be encouraged in his or her artistic endeavors, in painting, sculpture and such, but back then, it was blasphemous! Poor little guy, full of talent, vision and energy, and all he gets is repression for no good reason. Evidently one of his peers reported his illegal activity:

...But trouble was again stirred up at school when one of the more backward pupils discovered Jesus drawing a charcoal picture of the teacher on the floor of the schoolroom. There it was, plain as day, and many of the elders had viewed it before the committee went to call on Joseph to demand that something be done to suppress the lawlessness of his eldest son....
P.1366 - 5

 

What a scene it was, can't you just picture it?!

...Jesus listened to the indictment of his artistic efforts for some time, being seated on a large stone just outside the back door. He resented their blaming his father for his alleged misdeeds; so in he marched, fearlessly confronting his accusers....
P.1366 - 5

 

He knew there was something amiss with a law that prohibits artistic expression and not something evil in him:

...he was unconvinced of the wrong of what he had done, and to give up such a favorite pastime constituted one of the great trials of his young life....
P.1367 - 1

 

Later in life he, with adult perspective and without ambiguity, let it be known that art is a legitimate form of soul expression. This exchange took place at a Greek believer's home, one Flavius. From Paper 142:4:

...The Master saw that his host was bewildered at his friendly attitude toward art; therefore, when they had finished the survey of the entire collection, Jesus said: "Because you appreciate the beauty of things created by my Father and fashioned by the artistic hands of man, why should you expect to be rebuked? Because Moses onetime sought to combat idolatry and the worship of false gods, why should all men frown upon the reproduction of grace and beauty? I say to you, Flavius, Moses' children have misunderstood him, and now do they make false gods of even his prohibitions of images and the likeness of things in heaven and on earth. But even if Moses taught such restrictions to the darkened minds of those days, what has that to do with this day when the Father in heaven is revealed as the universal Spirit Ruler over all? And, Flavius, I declare that in the coming kingdom they shall no longer teach, `Do not worship this and do not worship that'; no longer shall they concern themselves with commands to refrain from this and take care not to do that, but rather shall all be concerned with one supreme duty. And this duty of man is expressed in two great privileges: sincere worship of the infinite Creator, the Paradise Father, and loving service bestowed upon one's fellow men. If you love your neighbor as you love yourself, you really know that you are a son of God.

"In an age when my Father was not well understood, Moses was justified in his attempts to withstand idolatry, but in the coming age the Father will have been revealed in the life of the Son; and this new revelation of God will make it forever unnecessary to confuse the Creator Father with idols of stone or images of gold and silver. Henceforth, intelligent men may enjoy the treasures of art without confusing such material appreciation of beauty with the worship and service of the Father in Paradise, the God of all things and all beings...."
P.1600 - 3

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

...In the latter part of June, Jesus, in company with his father, first climbed to the summit of Mount Tabor. It was a clear day and the view was superb.... P.1367 - 2

 

Mount_Tabor4.jpg

 

Mount Tabor is located in Lower Galilee, Israel, at the eastern end of the Jezreel Valley, 11 miles (18 km) west of the Sea of Galilee. It was the site of the Mount Tabor battle between Barak under the leadership of the Israelite judge Deborah, and the army of Jabin commanded by Sisera, in the mid 14th century BCE. It is believed by many Christians to be the site of the Transfiguration of Jesus.[1] It is also known as Har Tavor, Itabyrium, Jebel et-Tur, and the Mount of Transfiguration.

 

Source/More

 

 

Tabor later becomes confused with Mt Hermon, the actual "mount of transfiguration":

 

Tabor

Mount Tabor is the traditional location. The earliest identification of the Mount of Transfiguration as Tabor is by Origen in the 3rd century. It is also mentioned by St. Cyril of Jerusalem and St. Jerome in the 4th century.The Church of the Transfiguration is located atop Mount Tabor.[1] It is later mentioned in the 5th century Transitus Beatae Mariae Virginis.

Hermon

 

Mount Hermon, was suggested by R. H. Fuller and J. Lightfoot[2] for two reasons: It is the highest in the area (and the Transfiguration took place on "an high mountain" (Matthew 17:1)), and it is located near Caesarea Philippi (Matthew 16:13), where the previous events reportedly took place.

 

(Note* – However, it is important to note that this location was extremely far from Jerusalem, and Yeshua & his Disciples would have been in Jerusalem for the Feast of Sukkot (Tabernacles), as it is one of three Pilgrimage feasts set forth in Leviticus 23, thereby making Mt. Hermon an unlikely reality for the place of Transfiguration)

 

 

From
Paper 158:
THE MOUNT OF TRANSFIGURATION

 

...It was near sundown on Friday afternoon, August 12, A.D. 29, when Jesus and his associates reached the foot of Mount Hermon, near the very place where the lad Tiglath once waited while the Master ascended the mountain alone to settle the spiritual destinies of Urantia and technically to terminate the Lucifer rebellion. And here they sojourned for two days in spiritual preparation for the events so soon to follow.... P.1752 - 1

 

 

The Catholics later built a retreat on top of Tabor, with its "superb" view:

 

800px-Mount_of_transfiguration_is.JPG

 

Source/More

 

 

Tomorrow's reading, part 2 of Section 1: THE LATER CHILDHOOD OF JESUS has insights into the unusual weather during this period of his life, his next sibling arrives and he goes to work in the fields harvesting grain.

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

Overview of 124. The Later Childhood of Jesus

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

***

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The book gives us 62 pages on Joshua ben Joseph's childhood. This short wikipedia page is a good indicator of what was known before the UB:

 

 

The Child Jesus (Divine Infant, Baby Jesus, Infant Jesus, Christ Child) representsJesus from his Nativity to age 12. At 13 he was considered to be adult, in accordance with the Jewish custom of his time, and that of most Christian cultures until recent centuries.

The Child Jesus is frequently depicted in art, from around the third or fourth century onwards, in icons and paintings, sculpture, and all the media available. Common depictions are of Nativity scenes showing the birth of Jesus, with his mother, Mary, and his legal fatherJoseph.

 

220px-InfantJesus_JohnBaptist.JPG

magnify-clip.pngChild Jesus (left) with John the Baptist, painting by Bartolomé Esteban Perez Murillo

 

 

Depictions as a baby with his mother, known as Madonna and Child, are iconographical types in Eastern and Western traditions. Other scenes from his time as a baby, of his circumcision, Presentation at the temple, the Adoration of the Three Magi, and the Flight to Egypt, are common.[1] Scenes showing his developing years are rarer (these years are hardly mentioned in the Gospels).

 

A number of apocryphal texts, the Infancy Gospels grew up with legendary accounts of the intervening period, and these are sometimes shown.

 

The Scriptures and many apocryphal works were passed down either by word of mouth or through song, and later in works of art. The symbolism of the Child Jesus in art reached its apex during the Renaissance: the holy family was a central theme in the works of Leonardo Da Vinci and many other masters.[2]

 

The canonical gospels say nothing of Jesus' childhood between his infancy and the Finding in the Temple at the age of twelve.

 

Source

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 124 - THE LATER CHILDHOOD OF JESUS

 

 

1. JESUS' NINTH YEAR (A.D. 3)

 

 

[Part 2 of 2]

 

 

P.1367 - §3 Jesus' second sister, Martha, was born Thursday night, September 13. Three weeks after the coming of Martha, Joseph, who was home for awhile, started the building of an addition to their house, a combined workshop and bedroom. A small workbench was built for Jesus, and for the first time he possessed tools of his own. At odd times for many years he worked at this bench and became highly expert in the making of yokes.

 

 

P.1367 - §4 This winter and the next were the coldest in Nazareth for many decades. Jesus had seen snow on the mountains, and several times it had fallen in Nazareth, remaining on the ground only a short time; but not until this winter had he seen ice. The fact that water could be had as a solid, a liquid, and a vapor--he had long pondered over the escaping steam from the boiling pots--caused the lad to think a great deal about the physical world and its constitution; and yet the personality embodied in this growing youth was all this while the actual creator and organizer of all these things throughout a far-flung universe.

 

P.1367 - §5 The climate of Nazareth was not severe. January was the coldest month, the temperature averaging around 50o F. During July and August, the hottest months, the temperature would vary from 75o to 90o F. From the mountains to the Jordan and the Dead Sea valley the climate of Palestine ranged from the frigid to the torrid. And so, in a way, the Jews were prepared to live in about any and all of the world's varying climates.

 

P.1367 - §6 Even during the warmest summer months a cool sea breeze usually blew from the west from 10:00 A.M. until about 10:00 P.M. But every now and then terrific hot winds from the eastern desert would blow across all Palestine. These hot blasts usually came in February and March, near the end of the rainy season. In those days the rain fell in refreshing showers from November to April, but it did not rain steadily. There were only two seasons in Palestine, summer and winter, the dry and rainy seasons. In January the flowers began to bloom, and by the end of April the whole land was one vast flower garden.

 

 

P.1367 - §7 In May of this year, on his uncle's farm, Jesus for the first time helped with the harvest of the grain. Before he was thirteen, he had managed to find out something about practically everything that men and women worked at around Nazareth except metal working, and he spent several months in a smith's shop when older, after the death of his father.

 

P.1368 - §1 When work and caravan travel were slack, Jesus made many trips with his father on pleasure or business to nearby Cana, Endor, and Nain. Even as a lad he frequently visited Sepphoris, only a little over three miles from Nazareth to the northwest, and from 4 B.C. to about A.D. 25 the capital of Galilee and one of the residences of Herod Antipas.

 

P.1368 - §2 Jesus continued to grow physically, intellectually, socially, and spiritually. His trips away from home did much to give him a better and more generous understanding of his own family, and by this time even his parents were beginning to learn from him as well as to teach him. Jesus was an original thinker and a skillful teacher, even in his youth. He was in constant collision with the so-called "oral law," but he always sought to adapt himself to the practices of his family. He got along fairly well with the children of his age, but he often grew discouraged with their slow-acting minds. Before he was ten years old, he had become the leader of a group of seven lads who formed themselves into a society for promoting the acquirements of manhood--physical, intellectual, and religious. Among these boys Jesus succeeded in introducing many new games and various improved methods of physical recreation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings Carolyn, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends and Visitors,

 

Nine year old Jesus now has five siblings:

...the birth of the second child, James, in the early morning hours of April 2, 3 B.C.... P.1357 - 2

 

...In this year, 2 B.C...Miriam, who was born on the night of July 11.... P.1357 - 7

 

...Joseph, was born Wednesday morning, March 16, A.D. 1.... P.1362 - 1

 

...Simon, was born on Friday evening, April 14, of this year, A.D. 2.... P.1365 - 2

 

...Martha, was born Thursday night, September 13 [A.D. 3].... P.1367 - 3

 

 

Probably the yokes Jesus made were not metal reinforced (although we are told in today's reading that he did spend "several months in a smith's shop when older"). This photo gives an idea of how a yoke is constructed:

 

A yoke is a wooden beam, normally used between a pair of oxen or other animals to enable them to pull together on a load when working in pairs, as oxen usually do; some yokes are fitted to individual animals. There are several types of yoke, used in different cultures, and for different types of oxen.

 

800px-09.Chugo.jpg

 

Source/More

 

***

 

Joseph and Mary had a budding scientist on their hands:

...he had long pondered over the escaping steam from the boiling pots--caused the lad to think a great deal about the physical world and its constitution....
P.1367 - 4

 

 

***

 

 

Desertification has seized the eastern Mediterranean over the last two millennia. Compare the weather during Jesus' time:

...January was the coldest month, the temperature averaging around 50 F. During July and August, the hottest months, the temperature would vary from 75 to 90 F. From the mountains to the Jordan and the Dead Sea valley the climate of Palestine ranged from the frigid to the torrid....
P.1367 - 5

 

...with today's:

 

The warmest average max/ high temperature is 30 °C (86 °F) in July & August.

The coolest average min/ low temperature is 6 °C (43 °F) in January & February.

Israel receives on average 493 mm (19.4 in) of precipitation annually or 41 mm (1.6 in) each month.

On balance there are 42 days annually on which greater than 0.1 mm (0.004 in) of precipitation (rain, sleet, snow or hail) occurs or 4 days on an average month.

The month with the driest weather is June, July & August when on balance 0 mm (0.0 in) of rainfall (precipitation) occurs.

The month with the wettest weather is January when on balance 128 mm (5.0 in) of rain, sleet, hail or snow falls across 9 days.

Mean relative humidity for an average year is recorded as 56.3% and on a monthly basis it ranges from 43% in May to 65% in January & December.

image002.gif

 

Source/More

 

 

...In January the flowers began to bloom, and by the end of April the whole land was one vast flower garden....
P.1367 - 6

 

What a sight and smell it must have been!

 

 

***

 

This is an interesting statement, isn't it? It would seem to foreshadow the "Jewish Diaspora":

...And so, in a way, the Jews were prepared to live in about any and all of the world's varying climates....
P.1367 - 5

 

Jewish diaspora - in its historical use, refers to the period between the Roman invasion and subsequent occupation of Land of Israel beginning AD 70, to the re-establishment of Israel in 1948. In modern use, the 'Diaspora' refers to ethnic Jews who continue to live outside of Israel.

 

Following the 1st century Great Revolt and the 2nd century Simon Bar Kochba revolt, the destruction of Judea exerted a decisive influence upon the dispersion of the Jewish people throughout the world, as the centre of worship shifted from the Temple to Rabbinic authority.

 

Source/More

 

***

 

...When work and caravan travel were slack, Jesus made many trips with his father on pleasure or business to nearby
Cana, Endor, and Nain. Even as a lad he frequently visited Sepphoris
, only a little over three miles from Nazareth to the northwest, and from 4 B.C. to about A.D. 25 the capital of Galilee and one of the residences of Herod Antipas....
P.1368 - 1

 

nain-physical.png

nain.jpg

Map Source

 

 

Endor was a Canaanite city which is listed in the Book of Joshua (Joshua 17:11) as one of the cities with its dependencies that the Israelites failed to dispossess.[1] It is located between the Hill of Moreh and Mount Tabor in the Jezreel Valley.

 

 

EindorBiblicalMap.JPG

Map of the area around EinDor - during the Canaanite and Israelite periods - 15C BC through 6 C BC (based on Bible Mapper 3.0)

 

Map Source

 

Map-of-Sepphoris-Zippori-Galilee.gif

 

Map Source

 

 

***

 

The closing paragraph of today's reading gives some insights into the mental/emotional life of young Joshua. To call him a prodigy would be a gross understatement:

...He was in constant collision with the so-called "oral law," but he always sought to adapt himself to the practices of his family.... P.1368 - 2

 

These collisions eventually led to his death on a Roman cross. Obviously original thinking was not encouraged in those days. But children's games might well transcend some of the hardened social repression and excessive ecclesiastical prohibition:

...Among these boys Jesus succeeded in introducing many new games and various improved methods of physical recreation....
P.1368 - 2

 

 

In tomorrow's reading, rapidly maturing Joshua begins to sense his origin and mission, he talks with his father and mother about it, and then he ponders whether he should become a fisherman or a carpenter. Section 2 is titled: THE TENTH YEAR (A.D. 4)

 

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

Overview of 124. The Later Childhood of Jesus

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

***

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Dear Rick,

The teacher, I, loves the visual aides. The more there are, the more my enjoyment.

 

I recognize your effort with much love,

 

Carolyn

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Hi Rick! :)

 

I started writing on this topic OPAD, I knew almost nothing of the English language, only copying additional quotes.

Well, now something I improve and I can write on almost any topic. not as I would like :unsure: but I can intervene.Thanks friend! :D

 

Thank you very much for your perseverance and good will!

 

 

Much love...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alina

***

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Hi Rick! :)

 

I started writing on this topic OPAD, I knew almost nothing of the English language, only copying additional quotes.

Well, now something I improve and I can write on almost any topic. not as I would like :unsure: but I can intervene.Thanks friend! :D

 

Thank you very much for your perseverance and good will!

 

 

Much love...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alina

***

 

 

You're most welcome Alina, it's obvious you've worked hard! AND we learned from each other. :wub:

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 124 - THE LATER CHILDHOOD OF JESUS

 

 

2. THE TENTH YEAR (A.D. 4)

 

 

P.1368 - §3 It was the fifth of July, the first Sabbath of the month, when Jesus, while strolling through the countryside with his father, first gave expression to feelings and ideas which indicated that he was becoming self-conscious of the unusual nature of his life mission. Joseph listened attentively to the momentous words of his son but made few comments; he volunteered no information. The next day Jesus had a similar but longer talk with his mother. Mary likewise listened to the pronouncements of the lad, but neither did she volunteer any information. It was almost two years before Jesus again spoke to his parents concerning this increasing revelation within his own consciousness regarding the nature of his personality and the character of his mission on earth.

 

 

P.1368 - §4 He entered the advanced school of the synagogue in August. At school he was constantly creating trouble by the questions he persisted in asking. Increasingly he kept all Nazareth in more or less of a hubbub. His parents were loath to forbid his asking these disquieting questions, and his chief teacher was greatly intrigued by the lad's curiosity, insight, and hunger for knowledge.

 

P.1368 - §5 Jesus' playmates saw nothing supernatural in his conduct; in most ways he was altogether like themselves. His interest in study was somewhat above the average but not wholly unusual. He did ask more questions at school than others in his class.

 

 

P.1368 - §6 Perhaps his most unusual and outstanding trait was his unwillingness to fight for his rights. Since he was such a well-developed lad for his age, it seemed strange to his playfellows that he was disinclined to defend himself even from injustice or when subjected to personal abuse. As it happened, he did not suffer much on account of this trait because of the friendship of Jacob, a neighbor boy, who was one year older. He was the son of the stone mason, a business associate of Joseph. Jacob was a great admirer of Jesus and made it his business to see that no one was permitted to impose upon Jesus because of his aversion to physical combat. Several times older and uncouth youths attacked Jesus, relying upon his reputed docility, but they always suffered swift and certain retribution at the hands of his self-appointed champion and ever-ready defender, Jacob the stone mason's son.

 

P.1369 - §1 Jesus was the generally accepted leader of the Nazareth lads who stood for the higher ideals of their day and generation. He was really loved by his youthful associates, not only because he was fair, but also because he possessed a rare and understanding sympathy that betokened love and bordered on discreet compassion.

 

P.1369 - §2 This year he began to show a marked preference for the company of older persons. He delighted in talking over things cultural, educational, social, economic, political, and religious with older minds, and his depth of reasoning and keenness of observation so charmed his adult associates that they were always more than willing to visit with him. Until he became responsible for the support of the home, his parents were constantly seeking to influence him to associate with those of his own age, or more nearly his age, rather than with older and better-informed individuals for whom he evinced such a preference.

 

P.1369 - §3 Late this year he had a fishing experience of two months with his uncle on the Sea of Galilee, and he was very successful. Before attaining manhood, he had become an expert fisherman.

 

P.1369 - §4 His physical development continued; he was an advanced and privileged pupil at school; he got along fairly well at home with his younger brothers and sisters, having the advantage of being three and one-half years older than the oldest of the other children. He was well thought of in Nazareth except by the parents of some of the duller children, who often spoke of Jesus as being too pert, as lacking in proper humility and youthful reserve. He manifested a growing tendency to direct the play activities of his youthful associates into more serious and thoughtful channels. He was a born teacher and simply could not refrain from so functioning, even when supposedly engaged in play.

 

P.1369 - §5 Joseph early began to instruct Jesus in the diverse means of gaining a livelihood, explaining the advantages of agriculture over industry and trade. Galilee was a more beautiful and prosperous district than Judea, and it cost only about one fourth as much to live there as in Jerusalem and Judea. It was a province of agricultural villages and thriving industrial cities, containing more than two hundred towns of over five thousand population and thirty of over fifteen thousand.

 

P.1369 - §6 When on his first trip with his father to observe the fishing industry on the lake of Galilee, Jesus had just about made up his mind to become a fisherman; but close association with his father's vocation later on influenced him to become a carpenter, while still later a combination of influences led him to the final choice of becoming a religious teacher of a new order.

 

 

 

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings Alina, Carolyn, Pike, Bradly, NelsonG, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends and Visitors,

 

It's surprising that his parents (especially Mary) chose not to share with young Jesus anything at all about their foreknowledge of his birth and mission. Apparently they sensed he was simply too young, so they wisely and silently permitted him to express the feelings that arose within his dawning awareness of: "the unusual nature of his life mission".

...Joseph listened attentively...he volunteered no information...Mary likewise listened...but neither did she volunteer any information....
P.1368 - 3

 

***

 

 

Fortunately his school's leader recognized and embraced his innate capacities:

...his chief teacher was greatly intrigued by the lad's curiosity, insight, and hunger for knowledge.... P.1368 - 4

 

Also fortunate was the fact that Jacob became Joshua's self appointed body guard. How young Joshua knew it would be unseemly for a Creator Son to have physical fights--even as a lad--with one or more of his creatures is an interesting question without an answer. He just knew he shouldn't, although he undoubtedly had the strength and cunning to defeat any of his contemporaries:

...he did not suffer much on account of this trait because of the friendship of Jacob, a neighbor boy, who was one year older.... P.1368 - 6

 

 

Jacob's reward is great, he becomes Jesus' brother-in-law 16 years later. From Paper 128:7:

...In November a double wedding occurred. James and Esta, and Miriam and Jacob were married....
P.1418 - 2

 

Can you imagine Jacob's surprise when he finally discovers on the mansion worlds that he was Michael's defender while on Urantia!?

 

Anyone who has been bullied knows what this is like:

...Several times older and uncouth youths attacked Jesus....
P.1368 - 6

 

Evidently he was spared nothing the average Urantian child experiences.

 

***

 

Already at ten he's showing signs of his divine origin and nature:

...he possessed a rare and understanding sympathy that betokened love and bordered on discreet compassion.... P.1369 - 1

 

Another sign of rapidly approaching maturity:

...This year he began to show a marked preference for the company of older persons....
P.1369 - 2

 

***

 

 

 

...this year he had a fishing experience of two months with his uncle on the Sea of Galilee, and he was very successful....
P.1369 - 3

 

Later his fishing acumen is recorded in the Bible as a "miracle", and in the UB as simple skill:

 

 

 

 

 

240px-Spoleto074.jpg

magnify-clip.pngMiraculous catch of 153 fish fresco in the Spoleto Cathedral, Italy (second miracle).

 

According to the Gospel of John,[5] seven of the disciples – Peter, Thomas, Nathanael, the sons of Zebedee (James and John), and two others – decided to go fishing one evening after the Resurrection of Jesus, but caught nothing that night. Early the next morning, Jesus (whom they had not recognised) called out to them from the shore: "Friends, haven't you any fish?"[5]

When they reply in the negative (the question in Greek uses a particle which expects the answer "No"),[10][11] Jesus responds: "Throw your net on the right side of the boat and you will find some."[5] After doing so, "they were unable to haul the net in because of the large number of fish."[5]

Realising the identity of their advisor, the disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, "It is the Lord!,"[5] at which Peter jumped into the water to meet him (an aspect of the story often illustrated in Christian art), while the remaining disciples followed in the boat, towing the net, which proved to be full of 153 large fish.[5] Jesus then cooked and ate some of the fish with the disciples.

This passage has traditionally been one of the liturgical readings following Easter, and sermons have been preached on it by Augustine of Hippo[12] and John Chrysostom,[13] among others.

 

From Paper 192:1, after the resurrection:

...As they dropped anchor and prepared to enter the small boat for going ashore, the man on the beach called to them, "Lads, have you caught anything?" And when they answered, "No," he spoke again. "Cast the net on the right side of the boat, and you will find fish."
While they did not know it was Jesus who had directed them, with one accord they cast in the net as they had been instructed, and immediately it was filled, so much so that they were hardly able to draw it up....
P.2046 - 1

 

 

We are also informed he was not immune to, or isolated from jealousy or envy:

...He was well thought of in Nazareth except by the parents of some of the duller children, who often spoke of Jesus as being too pert, as lacking in proper humility and youthful reserve....
P.1369 - 4

 

What a sight it must have been to see him lead, teach and create at age ten!

...He was a born teacher and simply could not refrain from so functioning....
P.1369 - 4

 

***

 

It sounds like the Galilee region was a virtual garden of Eden:

...Galilee was a more beautiful and prosperous district than Judea, and it cost only about one fourth as much to live there as in Jerusalem and Judea....
P.1369 - 5

 

sea-of-galilee.jpg

 

Photo Source

 

Now we know the minimum population of Galilee during his youth:

...It was a province of agricultural villages and thriving industrial cities, containing more than two hundred towns of over five thousand population and thirty of over fifteen thousand....
P.1369 - 5

 

200 x 5000 = 1,000,000. 30 x 15,000 = 450,000. Total = 1,450,000

 

galileemp.gif

Image Source

 

 

 

...When on his first trip with his father to observe the fishing industry on the lake of Galilee, Jesus had just about made up his mind to become a fisherman....
P.1369 - 6

 

Sea-of-Galilee-1900.jpg

Image Source

 

...but close association with his father's vocation later on influenced him to become a carpenter....
P.1369 - 6

 

Jesus_the_Boy009.jpg

Image Source

 

 

...while still later a combination of influences led him to the final choice of becoming a religious teacher of a new order....
P.1369 - 6

 

jesus_disciples-1.gif

Source/More

 

 

Tomorrow's reading tells of Joseph and Joshua's first real disagreement that arose when they visited one of the Greek cities of Galilee. Section 3 is titled: THE ELEVENTH YEAR (A.D. 5)

 

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

Overview of 124. The Later Childhood of Jesus

 

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

***
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Another bit about mastery of fishing. From Paper 145:1. The Draught of Fishes

 

 

 

 

...But this was in no sense a miraculous draught of fishes. Jesus was a close student of nature; he was an experienced fisherman and knew the habits of the fish in the Sea of Galilee. On this occasion he merely directed these men to the place where the fish were usually to be found at this time of day. But Jesus' followers always regarded this as a miracle.... P.1629 - 1

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 124 - THE LATER CHILDHOOD OF JESUS

 

 

3. THE ELEVENTH YEAR (A.D. 5)

 

 

P.1369 - §7 Throughout this year the lad continued to make trips away from home with his father, but he also frequently visited his uncle's farm and occasionally went over to Magdala to engage in fishing with the uncle who made his headquarters near that city.

 

P.1369 - §8 Joseph and Mary were often tempted to show some special favoritism for Jesus or otherwise to betray their knowledge that he was a child of promise, a son of destiny. But both of his parents were extraordinarily wise and sagacious in all these matters. The few times they did in any manner exhibit any preference for him, even in the slightest degree, the lad was quick to refuse all such special consideration.

 

P.1370 - §1 Jesus spent considerable time at the caravan supply shop, and by conversing with the travelers from all parts of the world, he acquired a store of information about international affairs that was amazing, considering his age. This was the last year in which he enjoyed much free play and youthful joyousness. From this time on difficulties and responsibilities rapidly multiplied in the life of this youth.

 

 

P.1370 - §2 On Wednesday evening, June 24, A.D. 5, Jude was born. Complications attended the birth of this, the seventh child. Mary was so very ill for several weeks that Joseph remained at home. Jesus was very much occupied with errands for his father and with many duties occasioned by his mother's serious illness. Never again did this youth find it possible to return to the childlike attitude of his earlier years. From the time of his mother's illness--just before he was eleven years old--he was compelled to assume the responsibilities of the first-born son and to do all this one or two full years before these burdens should normally have fallen on his shoulders.

 

P.1370 - §3 The chazan spent one evening each week with Jesus, helping him to master the Hebrew scriptures. He was greatly interested in the progress of his promising pupil; therefore was he willing to assist him in many ways. This Jewish pedagogue exerted a great influence upon this growing mind, but he was never able to comprehend why Jesus was so indifferent to all his suggestions regarding the prospects of going to Jerusalem to continue his education under the learned rabbis.

 

 

P.1370 - §4 About the middle of May the lad accompanied his father on a business trip to Scythopolis, the chief Greek city of the Decapolis, the ancient Hebrew city of Beth-shean. On the way Joseph recounted much of the olden history of King Saul, the Philistines, and the subsequent events of Israel's turbulent history. Jesus was tremendously impressed with the clean appearance and well-ordered arrangement of this so-called heathen city. He marveled at the open-air theater and admired the beautiful marble temple dedicated to the worship of the "heathen" gods. Joseph was much perturbed by the lad's enthusiasm and sought to counteract these favorable impressions by extolling the beauty and grandeur of the Jewish temple at Jerusalem. Jesus had often gazed curiously upon this magnificent Greek city from the hill of Nazareth and had many times inquired about its extensive public works and ornate buildings, but his father had always sought to avoid answering these questions. Now they were face to face with the beauties of this gentile city, and Joseph could not gracefully ignore Jesus' inquiries.

 

P.1370 - §5 It so happened that just at this time the annual competitive games and public demonstrations of physical prowess between the Greek cities of the Decapolis were in progress at the Scythopolis amphitheater, and Jesus was insistent that his father take him to see the games, and he was so insistent that Joseph hesitated to deny him. The boy was thrilled with the games and entered most heartily into the spirit of the demonstrations of physical development and athletic skill. Joseph was inexpressibly shocked to observe his son's enthusiasm as he beheld these exhibitions of "heathen" vaingloriousness. After the games were finished, Joseph received the surprise of his life when he heard Jesus express his approval of them and suggest that it would be good for the young men of Nazareth if they could be thus benefited by wholesome outdoor physical activities. Joseph talked earnestly and long with Jesus concerning the evil nature of such practices, but he well knew that the lad was unconvinced.

 

P.1371 - §1 The only time Jesus ever saw his father angry with him was that night in their room at the inn when, in the course of their discussions, the boy so far forgot the trends of Jewish thought as to suggest that they go back home and work for the building of an amphitheater at Nazareth. When Joseph heard his first-born son express such un-Jewish sentiments, he forgot his usual calm demeanor and, seizing Jesus by the shoulder, angrily exclaimed, "My son, never again let me hear you give utterance to such an evil thought as long as you live." Jesus was startled by his father's display of emotion; he had never before been made to feel the personal sting of his father's indignation and was astonished and shocked beyond expression. He only replied, "Very well, my father, it shall be so." And never again did the boy even in the slightest manner allude to the games and other athletic activities of the Greeks as long as his father lived.

 

P.1371 - §2 Later on, Jesus saw the Greek amphitheater at Jerusalem and learned how hateful such things were from the Jewish point of view. Nevertheless, throughout his life he endeavored to introduce the idea of wholesome recreation into his personal plans and, as far as Jewish practice would permit, into the later program of regular activities for his twelve apostles.

 

P.1371 - §3 At the end of this eleventh year Jesus was a vigorous, well-developed, moderately humorous, and fairly lighthearted youth, but from this year on he was more and more given to peculiar seasons of profound meditation and serious contemplation. He was much given to thinking about how he was to carry out his obligations to his family and at the same time be obedient to the call of his mission to the world; already he had conceived that his ministry was not to be limited to the betterment of the Jewish people.

 

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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GOOD Day Alina, Carolyn, Bradly, NelsonG, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends and Guests :D

...he also frequently visited his uncle's farm and occasionally went over to Magdala to engage in fishing with the uncle who made his headquarters near that city.... P.1369 - 7

 

It worked out well that he had nearby uncles and aunts to visit. We were told in Section 1 of this Paper one of his uncles had a farm, "south of Nazareth", perhaps near Megiddo. You can see Magdala is on the far western shore of Galilee:

 

galilee.gif

Map Source

 

 

***

 

It's easy to imagine just how tempted they might have been, isn't it? They were sitting on the secret of the ages!:

...Joseph and Mary were often tempted to show some special favoritism for Jesus or otherwise to betray their knowledge that he was a child of promise, a son of destiny.... P.1369 - 8

 

But this is remarkable, the boy sensed the wrongness of it and had to correct his parents:

...The few times they did in any manner exhibit any preference for him, even in the slightest degree, the lad was quick to refuse all such special consideration.... P.1369 - 8

 

In all Nebadon, only those two know the full feeling, experience and weight of raising an incarnated God. Generally speaking they did it very well, didn't they?

 

***

 

What a great advantage he gained by attaining a global perspective, mostly due to his location combined with his relentless curiosity:

...he acquired a store of information about international affairs that was amazing.... P.1370 - 1

 

But it's somehow sad to note, as with any child, their youth and innocence disappears never to be seen again.

 

...This was the last year in which he enjoyed much free play and youthful joyousness.... P.1370 - 1

 

***

 

This year his sixth sibling was born, his fourth brother:

...the birth of the second child, James, in the early morning hours of April 2, 3 B.C.... P.1357 - 2

 

...In this year, 2 B.C...Miriam, who was born on the night of July 11.... P.1357 - 7

 

...Joseph, was born Wednesday morning, March 16, A.D. 1.... P.1362 - 1

 

...Simon, was born on Friday evening, April 14, of this year, A.D. 2.... P.1365 - 2

 

...Martha, was born Thursday night, September 13 [A.D. 3].... P.1367 - 3

 

...On Wednesday evening, June 24, A.D. 5, Jude was born.... P.1370 - 2

 

 

Not only was Jude's birth the origin of pain and suffering (from today's reading):

...Complications attended the birth of this, the seventh child. Mary was so very ill for several weeks that Joseph remained at home.... P.1370 - 2

 

....he proved to be the one difficult, rebellious, self-centered child at home. From 128:7:

...All this year the family affairs ran smoothly except for Jude. For years James had trouble with his youngest brother, who was not inclined to settle down to work nor was he to be depended upon for his share of the home expenses. While he would live at home, he was not conscientious about earning his share of the family upkeep.... P.1417 - 2

 

...and in public. From Paper 128:6:

...While Jesus talked with Lazarus and sought to arrange for their joint celebration of the Passover,
Jude started up real trouble for them all
. Close at hand stood a Roman guard who made some improper remarks regarding a Jewish girl who was passing. Jude flushed with fiery indignation and was not slow in expressing his resentment of such an impropriety directly to and within hearing of the soldier. Now the Roman legionnaires were very sensitive to anything bordering on Jewish disrespect; so the guard promptly placed Jude under arrest. This was too much for the young patriot, and
before Jesus could caution him by a warning glance, he had delivered himself of a voluble denunciation of pent-up anti-Roman feelings
, all of which only made a bad matter worse.
Jude, with Jesus by his side, was taken at once to the military prison
.... P.1415 - 5

 

***

 

The presence of that solicitous and educated "pedagogue" proved to be a boon, but the chazan was blind to what should have been obvious to a deep thinker:

...he was never able to comprehend why Jesus was so indifferent to all his suggestions regarding the prospects of going to Jerusalem to continue his education under the learned rabbis.... P.1370 - 3

 

[Ped·a·gogue = A teacher, esp. a strict or pedantic one. Synonyms: teacher, schoolmaster, educator, educationalist.]

 

***

 

...the lad accompanied his father on a business trip to Scythopolis, the chief Greek city of the Decapolis, the ancient Hebrew city of Beth-shean.... P.1370 - 4

 

 

Beit She'an is a city in the North District of Israel which has played an important role historically due to its geographical location at the junction of the Jordan River Valley and Jezreel Valley. It has also played an important role in modern times, acting as the regional center for the numerous villages in the Beit She'an Valley Regional Council.

409px-Thedecapolis.png

 

The Hellenistic period saw the reoccupation of the site of Beit She'an under the new name Scythopolis, possibly named after the Scythian mercenaries who settled there as veterans....Scythopolis prospered and became the leading city of the Decapolis, a loose confederation of ten cities that were centers of Greco-Roman culture. The city flourished under the Pax Romana, as evidenced by high-level urban planning and extensive construction, including the best preserved Roman theatre of ancient Samaria, as well as a hippodrome, cardo, and other trademarks of the Roman influence.

 

800px-Israel_BeitShean3_tango7174.jpg

Sythopolis Theatre

 

Source/More

Here young Jesus once watched:

...the annual competitive games and public demonstrations of physical prowess between the Greek cities of the Decapolis were in progress at the Scythopolis amphitheater.... P.1370 - 5

 

But tradition minded Joseph succumbed to lowly prejudice and animal anger when 11 year old Joshua declares:

...his approval of them and suggest that it would be good for the young men of Nazareth if they could be thus benefited by wholesome outdoor physical activities.... P.1370 - 5

 

Shocking!!! :D

 

Divine wisdom sees the benefits of sports well managed and wisely used:

...Nevertheless, throughout his life he endeavored to introduce the idea of wholesome recreation into his personal plans and, as far as Jewish practice would permit, into the later program of regular activities for his twelve apostles.... P.1371 - 2

 

It is noteworthy that Olympic competitions outlived both Rome's fall and Hebraic prohibition, being revived in 1896, now happening every two years somewhere on Urantia, to great fanfare and well nigh universal popularity.

 

***

 

Such a wise and thoughtful child, wasn't he? Even before his teen years. It looks like his chastisement by his thoroughly Jewish father over the Greek games made him begin to realize his mission would be greater than, even outside, his ethnicity:

...He was much given to thinking about how he was to carry out his obligations to his family and at the same time be obedient to the call of his mission to the world; already he had conceived that his ministry was not to be limited to the betterment of the Jewish people.... P.1371 - 3

 

 

Tomorrow's reading gives some idea of the young master's struggles to balance family and social requirements with his rapidly dawning awareness of divine nature and origin. Section 4 is titled: THE TWELFTH YEAR (A.D. 6)

 

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

Overview of 124. The Later Childhood of Jesus

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

***

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 124 - THE LATER CHILDHOOD OF JESUS

 

 

4. THE TWELFTH YEAR (A.D. 6)

 

 

P.1371 - §4 This was an eventful year in Jesus' life. He continued to make progress at school and was indefatigable in his study of nature, while increasingly he prosecuted his study of the methods whereby men make a living. He began doing regular work in the home carpenter shop and was permitted to manage his own earnings, a very unusual arrangement to obtain in a Jewish family. This year he also learned the wisdom of keeping such matters a secret in the family. He was becoming conscious of the way in which he had caused trouble in the village, and henceforth he became increasingly discreet in concealing everything which might cause him to be regarded as different from his fellows.

 

P.1371 - §5 Throughout this year he experienced many seasons of uncertainty, if not actual doubt, regarding the nature of his mission. His naturally developing human mind did not yet fully grasp the reality of his dual nature. The fact that he had a single personality rendered it difficult for his consciousness to recognize the double origin of those factors which composed the nature associated with that selfsame personality.

 

P.1371 - §6 From this time on he became more successful in getting along with his brothers and sisters. He was increasingly tactful, always compassionate and considerate of their welfare and happiness, and enjoyed good relations with them up to the beginning of his public ministry. To be more explicit: He got along with James, Miriam, and the two younger (as yet unborn) children, Amos and Ruth, most excellently. He always got along with Martha fairly well. What trouble he had at home largely arose out of friction with Joseph and Jude, particularly the latter.

 

 

P.1372 - §1 It was a trying experience for Joseph and Mary to undertake the rearing of this unprecedented combination of divinity and humanity, and they deserve great credit for so faithfully and successfully discharging their parental responsibilities. Increasingly Jesus' parents realized that there was something superhuman resident within this eldest son, but they never even faintly dreamed that this son of promise was indeed and in truth the actual creator of this local universe of things and beings. Joseph and Mary lived and died without ever learning that their son Jesus really was the Universe Creator incarnate in mortal flesh.

 

P.1372 - §2 This year Jesus paid more attention than ever to music, and he continued to teach the home school for his brothers and sisters. It was at about this time that the lad became keenly conscious of the difference between the viewpoints of Joseph and Mary regarding the nature of his mission. He pondered much over his parents' differing opinions, often hearing their discussions when they thought he was sound asleep. More and more he inclined to the view of his father, so that his mother was destined to be hurt by the realization that her son was gradually rejecting her guidance in matters having to do with his life career. And, as the years passed, this breach of understanding widened. Less and less did Mary comprehend the significance of Jesus' mission, and increasingly was this good mother hurt by the failure of her favorite son to fulfill her fond expectations.

 

P.1372 - §3 Joseph entertained a growing belief in the spiritual nature of Jesus' mission. And but for other and more important reasons it does seem unfortunate that he could not have lived to see the fulfillment of his concept of Jesus' bestowal on earth.

 

 

P.1372 - §4 During his last year at school, when he was twelve years old, Jesus remonstrated with his father about the Jewish custom of touching the bit of parchment nailed upon the doorpost each time on going into, or coming out of, the house and then kissing the finger that touched the parchment. As a part of this ritual it was customary to say, "The Lord shall preserve our going out and our coming in, from this time forth and even forevermore." Joseph and Mary had repeatedly instructed Jesus as to the reasons for not making images or drawing pictures, explaining that such creations might be used for idolatrous purposes. Though Jesus failed fully to grasp their proscriptions against images and pictures, he possessed a high concept of consistency and therefore pointed out to his father the essentially idolatrous nature of this habitual obeisance to the doorpost parchment. And Joseph removed the parchment after Jesus had thus remonstrated with him.

 

P.1372 - §5 As time passed, Jesus did much to modify their practice of religious forms, such as the family prayers and other customs. And it was possible to do many such things at Nazareth, for its synagogue was under the influence of a liberal school of rabbis, exemplified by the renowned Nazareth teacher, Jose.

 

P.1372 - §6 Throughout this and the two following years Jesus suffered great mental distress as the result of his constant effort to adjust his personal views of religious practices and social amenities to the established beliefs of his parents. He was distraught by the conflict between the urge to be loyal to his own convictions and the conscientious admonition of dutiful submission to his parents; his supreme conflict was between two great commands which were uppermost in his youthful mind. The one was: "Be loyal to the dictates of your highest convictions of truth and righteousness." The other was: "Honor your father and mother, for they have given you life and the nurture thereof." However, he never shirked the responsibility of making the necessary daily adjustments between these realms of loyalty to one's personal convictions and duty toward one's family, and he achieved the satisfaction of effecting an increasingly harmonious blending of personal convictions and family obligations into a masterful concept of group solidarity based upon loyalty, fairness, tolerance, and love.

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings Alina, Carolyn, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends and Visitors,

 

Today's reading is almost entirely about the beginning of young Jesus' extraordinarily tough adjustment period. Not only is he starting to deal with the onset of the hormonal changes of his internal climate, his external life is constantly demanding things trivial and traditional. He did at least win one battle with meaningless tradition:

...And Joseph removed the parchment after Jesus had thus remonstrated with him.... P.1372 - 4

 

***

 

He's still fascinated with knowledge, flowers, bugs and the weather:

...He continued to make progress at school and was indefatigable in his study of nature.... P.1371 - 4

 

But there's something of overarching importance lingering larger and larger in his youthful mind, his mission:

...Throughout this year he experienced many seasons of uncertainty, if not actual doubt, regarding the nature of his mission.... P.1371 - 5

 

Doubt! Even the Creator of Nebadon incarnate had to deal with doubt at one point.

 

***

 

What a shock those two got awakening on Mansonia being told the truth and facts!!!

...Joseph and Mary lived and died without ever learning that their son Jesus really was the Universe Creator incarnate in mortal flesh.... P.1372 - 1

 

 

This would make a great vignette, wouldn't it, him lying in bed with an ear to their late night conversations about him?

...He pondered much over his parents' differing opinions, often hearing their discussions when they thought he was sound asleep.... P.1372 - 2

 

 

Apparently poor Mary was not perfect in her love for her children, she showed pride, favoritism and no real depth of understanding regarding his mission:

...Less and less did Mary comprehend the significance of Jesus' mission, and increasingly was this good mother hurt by the failure of her favorite son to fulfill her fond expectations.... P.1372 - 2

 

***

 

Wonder how differently things would have been if Joseph had remained alive?:

...for other and more important reasons it does seem unfortunate that he could not have lived to see the fulfillment of his concept of Jesus' bestowal on earth....
P.1372 - 3

 

The end might well have been the same, you think?

 

 

***

 

Finally, we are given the name of the liberal minded rabbi who set the stage for Jesus' relatively free-thinking upbringing in Nazareth:

...And it was possible to do many such things at Nazareth, for its synagogue was under the influence of a liberal school of rabbis, exemplified by the renowned Nazareth teacher, Jose.... P.1372 - 5

 

But his first name only! Too bad there is no way to research the records for this influential character who played such a pivotal role in Jesus' life outside the home.

 

It's probably impossible for the average Urantian to imagine the breadth and width of the angst he suffered trying to reconcile all the demands put upon him, but he did manage, and manage well by:

...effecting an increasingly harmonious blending of personal convictions and family obligations into a masterful concept of group solidarity based upon loyalty, fairness, tolerance, and love.... P.1372 - 6

 

 

Tomorrow's reading has details about his bodily changes, another brother arrives, he graduates from primary school, and he finally decides never to go to study in Jerusalem. Section 5 is titled: HIS THIRTEENTH YEAR (A.D. 7)

 

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

Overview of 124. The Later Childhood of Jesus

 

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

***

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 124 - THE LATER CHILDHOOD OF JESUS

 

 

5. HIS THIRTEENTH YEAR (A.D. 7)

 

 

P.1373 - §1 In this year the lad of Nazareth passed from boyhood to the beginning of young manhood; his voice began to change, and other features of mind and body gave evidence of the oncoming status of manhood.

 

P.1373 - §2 On Sunday night, January 9, A.D. 7, his baby brother, Amos, was born. Jude was not yet two years of age, and the baby sister, Ruth, was yet to come; so it may be seen that Jesus had a sizable family of small children left to his watchcare when his father met his accidental death the following year.

 

 

P.1373 - §3 It was about the middle of February that Jesus became humanly assured that he was destined to perform a mission on earth for the enlightenment of man and the revelation of God. Momentous decisions, coupled with far-reaching plans, were formulating in the mind of this youth, who was, to outward appearances, an average Jewish lad of Nazareth. The intelligent life of all Nebadon looked on with fascination and amazement as all this began to unfold in the thinking and acting of the now adolescent carpenter's son.

 

 

P.1373 - §4 On the first day of the week, March 20, A.D. 7, Jesus graduated from the course of training in the local school connected with the Nazareth synagogue. This was a great day in the life of any ambitious Jewish family, the day when the first-born son was pronounced a "son of the commandment" and the ransomed first-born of the Lord God of Israel, a "child of the Most High" and servant of the Lord of all the earth.

 

P.1373 - §5 Friday of the week before, Joseph had come over from Sepphoris, where he was in charge of the work on a new public building, to be present on this glad occasion. Jesus' teacher confidently believed that his alert and diligent pupil was destined to some outstanding career, some distinguished mission. The elders, notwithstanding all their trouble with Jesus' nonconformist tendencies, were very proud of the lad and had already begun laying plans which would enable him to go to Jerusalem to continue his education in the renowned Hebrew academies.

 

P.1373 - §6 As Jesus heard these plans discussed from time to time, he became increasingly sure that he would never go to Jerusalem to study with the rabbis. But he little dreamed of the tragedy, so soon to occur, which would insure the abandonment of all such plans by causing him to assume the responsibility for the support and direction of a large family, presently to consist of five brothers and three sisters as well as his mother and himself. Jesus had a larger and longer experience rearing this family than was accorded to Joseph, his father; and he did measure up to the standard which he subsequently set for himself: to become a wise, patient, understanding, and effective teacher and eldest brother to this family--his family--so suddenly sorrow-stricken and so unexpectedly bereaved.

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Greetings Carolyn, Bradly, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends and Guests!

 

Interesting isn't it, the world saw an average boy running around Nazareth, while a vast universe looked on as its sovereign was quickly becoming aware of his human incarnation and divine mission.

 

By his 12th year he was brother to seven siblings, from today's reading:

...On Sunday night, January 9, A.D. 7, his baby brother, Amos, was born.... P.1373 - 2

 

From previous readings:

...the birth of the second child, James, in the early morning hours of April 2, 3 B.C.... P.1357 - 2

 

...In this year, 2 B.C...Miriam, who was born on the night of July 11.... P.1357 - 7

 

...Joseph, was born Wednesday morning, March 16, A.D. 1.... P.1362 - 1

 

...Simon, was born on Friday evening, April 14, of this year, A.D. 2.... P.1365 - 2

 

...Martha, was born Thursday night, September 13 [A.D. 3].... P.1367 - 3

 

...On Wednesday evening, June 24, A.D. 5, Jude was born.... P.1370 - 2

 

***

 

The Midwayers don't say what erased all doubt and created this assurance, whether it came about as the result of an experience/event, or perhaps it was a gradual awareness that developed over a few weeks during this February. A key word here appears to be "humanly":

...It was about the middle of February that Jesus became humanly assured that he was destined to perform a mission on earth for the enlightenment of man and the revelation of God....P.1373 - 3

 

This phrase:

"...son of the commandment...." P.1373 - 4

 

...is translated as bar mitzvah in Hebrew. It's a rite of passage for boys and girls of some Jewish families:

 

Bar/Bat Mitzvah...While this literally translates to "son of commandment" or "daughter of commandment", the rabbinical phrase "bar" means here "under the category of" or "subject to", making "Bar Mitzvah" translate to "an [agent] who is subject to the law". According to Jewish law, when Jewish boys become 13, they become accountable for their actions and become a Bar Mitzvah (plural: B'nai Mitzvah). A Bat Mitzvah (plural: B'not Mitzvah)occurs when Jewish girls become 13 (in some places, 12), and it means the same as it does for boys- a rite of passage from being considered unable to properly understand the Torah to being considered old enough to begin to understand and thus for boys and girls alike to be treated more like adults. In addition to being considered accountable for their actions from a religious perspective, B'nai mitzvah may be counted towards a minyan (prayer quorum) and may lead prayer and other religious services in the family and the community. The age of B'nai Mitzvah was selected because it roughly coincides with physical puberty. Prior to a child reaching Bar or Bat Mitzvah, the child's parents hold the responsibility for the child's actions. After this age, children bear their own responsibility for Jewish ritual law, tradition, and ethics and are able to participate in all areas of Jewish community life.

 

Oscr_Rex_-_Bar_Mitzwa.jpg

Bar Mitzvah

 

 

Source/More

 

 

...Joseph had come over from Sepphoris, where he was in charge of the work on a new public building, to be present on this glad occasion....
P.1373 - 5

 

Sepphoris_map.jpg

Map Source

 

 

A great, crucial and sad event is about to happen to the Nazareth family. From today's reading:

...he little dreamed of the tragedy, so soon to occur....
P.1373 - 6

 

But first the family takes a vacation, traveling south to attend a most memorable Passover celebration, his first as a "son of commandment". Section 6 is titled: THE JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM

 

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

Overview of 124. The Later Childhood of Jesus

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

***

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Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

 

 

Today's Presentation:

 

 

PAPER 124 - THE LATER CHILDHOOD OF JESUS

 

 

6. THE JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM

 

[Part 1 of 3]

 

 

P.1374 - §1 Jesus, having now reached the threshold of young manhood and having been formally graduated from the synagogue schools, was qualified to proceed to Jerusalem with his parents to participate with them in the celebration of his first Passover. The Passover feast of this year fell on Saturday, April 9, A.D. 7. A considerable company (103) made ready to depart from Nazareth early Monday morning, April 4, for Jerusalem. They journeyed south toward Samaria, but on reaching Jezreel, they turned east, going around Mount Gilboa into the Jordan valley in order to avoid passing through Samaria. Joseph and his family would have enjoyed going down through Samaria by way of Jacob's well and Bethel, but since the Jews disliked to deal with the Samaritans, they decided to go with their neighbors by way of the Jordan valley.

 

P.1374 - §2 The much-dreaded Archelaus had been deposed, and they had little to fear in taking Jesus to Jerusalem. Twelve years had passed since the first Herod had sought to destroy the babe of Bethlehem, and no one would now think of associating that affair with this obscure lad of Nazareth.

 

P.1374 - §3 Before reaching the Jezreel junction, and as they journeyed on, very soon, on the left, they passed the ancient village of Shunem, and Jesus heard again about the most beautiful maiden of all Israel who once lived there and also about the wonderful works Elisha performed there. In passing by Jezreel, Jesus' parents recounted the doings of Ahab and Jezebel and the exploits of Jehu. In passing around Mount Gilboa, they talked much about Saul, who took his life on the slopes of this mountain, King David, and the associations of this historic spot.

 

P.1374 - §4 As they rounded the base of Gilboa, the pilgrims could see the Greek city of Scythopolis on the right. They gazed upon the marble structures from a distance but went not near the gentile city lest they so defile themselves that they could not participate in the forthcoming solemn and sacred ceremonies of the Passover at Jerusalem. Mary could not understand why neither Joseph nor Jesus would speak of Scythopolis. She did not know about their controversy of the previous year as they had never revealed this episode to her.

 

P.1374 - §5 The road now led immediately down into the tropical Jordan valley, and soon Jesus was to have exposed to his wondering gaze the crooked and ever-winding Jordan with its glistening and rippling waters as it flowed down toward the Dead Sea. They laid aside their outer garments as they journeyed south in this tropical valley, enjoying the luxurious fields of grain and the beautiful oleanders laden with their pink blossoms, while massive snow-capped Mount Hermon stood far to the north, in majesty looking down on the historic valley. A little over three hours' travel from opposite Scythopolis they came upon a bubbling spring, and here they camped for the night, out under the starlit heavens.

 

 

P.1374 - §6 On their second day's journey they passed by where the Jabbok, from the east, flows into the Jordan, and looking east up this river valley, they recounted the days of Gideon, when the Midianites poured into this region to overrun the land. Toward the end of the second day's journey they camped near the base of the highest mountain overlooking the Jordan valley, Mount Sartaba, whose summit was occupied by the Alexandrian fortress where Herod had imprisoned one of his wives and buried his two strangled sons.

 

P.1375 - §1 The third day they passed by two villages which had been recently built by Herod and noted their superior architecture and their beautiful palm gardens. By nightfall they reached Jericho, where they remained until the morrow. That evening Joseph, Mary, and Jesus walked a mile and a half to the site of the ancient Jericho, where Joshua, for whom Jesus was named, had performed his renowned exploits, according to Jewish tradition.

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]

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Good Day Carolyn, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends and Guests,

 

This trip to Jerusalem's Passover celebration is Jesus' first:

...The Passover feast of this year fell on Saturday, April 9, A.D. 7.... P.1374 - 1

 

Interestingly his last Passover would be on that very day, exactly 23 years later, the day of resurrection. From Paper 189:1:

...at two minutes past three o'clock, this Sunday morning, April 9, A.D. 30, the resurrected morontia form and personality of Jesus of Nazareth came forth from the tomb.... P.2020 - 4

 

***

 

...They journeyed south toward Samaria, but on reaching Jezreel, they turned east, going around Mount Gilboa into the Jordan valley in order to avoid passing through Samaria.... P.1374 - 1

 

HarodValleyMtGilboaJezreelaerialfrwtb121704019captions.jpg

 

 

Looks like Joseph and family didn't share their contemporaries' distrust of Samarians:

...Joseph and his family would have enjoyed going down through Samaria by way of Jacob's well and Bethel, but since the Jews disliked to deal with the Samaritans, they decided to go with their neighbors by way of the Jordan valley.... P.1374 - 1

 

Map.gif

 

Map Source

 

Jacob's well plays a prominent role in Jesus adult life. It was there he taught Nalda and her Sychar associates about God living inside. From Paper 143:5:

...As she entered the city, she proclaimed to everyone she met: "Go out to Jacob's well and go quickly, for there you will see a man who told me all I ever did. Can this be the Converter?" And ere the sun went down, a great crowd had assembled at Jacob's well to hear Jesus. And the Master talked to them more about the water of life, the gift of the indwelling spirit....
P.1614 - 4

 

450px-Jacob%27s_Well_in_2013.jpg

Jacob's Well in 2013.

 

Photo Source/More Images/Info

 

Jesus would one day teach in Bethel. From the introduction to Paper 143:

...At the end of June, A.D. 27, because of the increasing opposition of the Jewish religious rulers, Jesus and the twelve departed from Jerusalem, after sending their tents and meager personal effects to be stored at the home of Lazarus at Bethany. Going north into Samaria, they tarried over the Sabbath at Bethel....
P.1607 - 1

 

***

 

 

...The much-dreaded Archelaus had been deposed....
P.1374 - 2

 

Herod Archelaus (23 BCE – c. 18 CE) was the ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea (biblical Edom) from 4 BCE to 6 CE. He was the son of Herod the Great and Malthace the Samaritan, the brother of Herod Antipas, and the half-brother of Herod Philip I.

 

200px-Herod_Archelaus_I.jpg

Herod Archelaus from Guillaume Rouillé's Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum (16th century depiction)

 

Source/More

 

 

***

 

...Before reaching the Jezreel junction, and as they journeyed on, very soon, on the left, they passed the ancient village of Shunem....
P.1374 - 3

 

This map gives an idea of the location of Shunem and Jezreel:

 

shunem.jpg

Map Source

 

Shunem is a small village mentioned in the Bible. It was located in the tribe of Issachar, to the north of Jezreel and south of Mount Gilboa

 

 

Source

 

***

 

 

...Jesus heard again about the most beautiful maiden of all Israel who once lived there and also about the wonderful works Elisha performed there....
P.1374 - 3

 

The Midwayers don't mention her name, but the maiden must be Abishag:

 

According to the Old Testament, Abishag was a young woman of Shunem, distinguished for her beauty. She was chosen to be a helper and servant to David in his old age. Among Abishag's duties was to lie next to David and keep him warm; however, David did not have sexual relations with her (1 Kings 1:4).[1]

 

The Interpreter's Bible [2] notes that "the Hebrews...believed that the fertility of the soil and the general prosperity of the people were bound up with the fertility of the king. David by this time was old and decrepit and his sexual vigor is called into question. Attempts are made to remedy the situation. The first cure is to heap clothes upon his bed in order to secure such physical heat as might render him capable. When this fails a search is made for the most beautiful woman in the land. great emphasis is placed upon her [Abishag's] charms. the LXX supports this by translating in vs. 2, "and let her excite him and lie with him." The fact that the king did not have intercourse with her is decisive in the story. If David was impotent he could no longer be king."

 

 

Source/More

 

 

***

 

Elisha is mentioned in the UB, he was a student of Elijah. Both are Biblical figures. From Paper 97:2:

...When Elijah was called away, Elisha, his faithful associate, took up his work and, with the invaluable assistance of the little-known Micaiah, kept the light of truth alive in Palestine.... P.1064 - 3

 

***

 

 

...In passing by Jezreel, Jesus' parents recounted the doings of Ahab and Jezebel and the exploits of Jehu.... P.1374 - 3

 

Those "doings" were cited in Paper 97:9:

...There were ups and downs--wars between Israel and Judah. After four years of civil war and three dynasties, Israel fell under the rule of city despots who began to trade in land. Even King Omri attempted to buy Shemer's estate. But the end drew on apace when Shalmaneser III decided to control the Mediterranean coast.
King Ahab of Ephraim gathered ten other groups and resisted at Karkar; the battle was a draw
. The Assyrian was stopped but the allies were decimated. This great fight is not even mentioned in the Old Testament.

 

New trouble started when King Ahab tried to buy land from Naboth.
His Phoenician wife [Jezabel] forged Ahab's name to papers
directing that Naboth's land be confiscated on the charge that he had blasphemed the names of "Elohim and the king." He and his sons were promptly executed. The vigorous Elijah appeared on the scene denouncing Ahab for the murder of the Naboths. Thus Elijah, one of the greatest of the prophets, began his teaching as a defender of the old land mores as against the land-selling attitude of the Baalim, against the attempt of the cities to dominate the country.
But the reform did not succeed until the country landlord Jehu joined forces with the gypsy chieftain Jehonadab
to destroy the prophets (real estate agents) of Baal at Samaria.... P.1073 - 8

 

***

 

[Continued on the next post]

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...In passing around Mount Gilboa, they talked much about Saul, who took his life on the slopes of this mountain, King David, and the associations of this historic spot....
P.1374 - 3

 

Saul (circa 1079 BC – 1007 BC) was the first king of the united Kingdom of Israel. He was anointed by the prophet Samuel and reigned from Gibeah. He fell on his sword to avoid capture in the battle against the Philistines at Mount Gilboa, during which three of his sons were also killed. The succession to his throne was contested by Ish-bosheth, his only surviving son, and his son-in-law David, who eventually prevailed. The main account of Saul's life and reign is found in the biblical Books of Samuel.

 

Source/More

 

Melchizedek said this about Saul in Paper 97:3:

...Saul's tragic defeat at Gilboa by the Philistines brought Yahweh to a low point among the gods in the eyes of the surrounding Canaanites. Ordinarily, Saul's defeat would have been ascribed to apostasy from Yahweh, but this time the Judahite editors attributed it to ritual errors. They required the tradition of Saul and Samuel as a background for the kingship of David....
P.1072 - 4

 

David explained Saul's defeat at Gilboa by pointing out that Saul had attacked a Canaanite city, Gibeon, whose people had a peace treaty with the Ephraimites. Because of this, Yahweh forsook him. Even in Saul's time David had defended the Canaanite city of Keilah against the Philistines, and then he located his capital in a Canaanite city. In keeping with the policy of compromise with the Canaanites, David turned seven of Saul's descendants over to the Gibeonites to be hanged.... P.1073 - 3

 

***

 

 

 

...As they rounded the base of Gilboa, the pilgrims could see the Greek city of Scythopolis on the right....
P.1374 - 4

 

photo-15-03-09-15-26-57.jpg

Image Source

 

Scythopolis.jpg

Scythopolis

 

 

***

 

...Mary could not understand why neither Joseph nor Jesus would speak of Scythopolis.... P.1374 - 4

 

They had a disagreement at Scythopolis. For a full explanation see Section 3 of 124.

 

 

***

 

 

...The road now led immediately down into the tropical Jordan valley....
P.1374 - 5

 

229012835_56b9e29fd3_o.jpg

 

 

 

...They laid aside their outer garments as they journeyed south in this tropical valley, enjoying the luxurious fields of grain and the beautiful oleanders laden with their pink blossoms....
P.1374 - 5

 

oleander-1x.jpg

Oleander

 

***

 

 

...while massive snow-capped Mount Hermon stood far to the north, in majesty looking down on the historic valley....
P.1374 - 5

 

caesareaphilippi02-hermon.gif

Mt Hermon

 

 

***

 

 

 

...On their second day's journey they passed by where the Jabbok, from the east, flows into the Jordan....
P.1374 - 6

 

sketch2.gif

Sketch Source

 

***

 

 

 

...looking east up this river valley, they recounted the days of Gideon, when the Midianites poured into this region to overrun the land....
P.1374 - 6

 

About Gideon:

 

Gideon or Gedeon (pron.: /ˈɡɪd..ən/;[1]Hebrew: גִּדְעוֹן, ModernGid'onTiberianGiḏʻôn), which means "Destroyer," "Mighty warrior," or "Feller (of trees)" was, according to theTanakh, a judge of the Hebrews. His story is recorded in chapters 6 to 8 of the Book of Judges in the Hebrew Bible. Judges 6–8. He is also named in chapter 11 of the Epistle to the Hebrews as an example of a man of faith.

 

Source/More

 

 

The Midianites are also mentioned in Paper 70:1:

 

...Always these olden tribes made war at the bidding of their gods, at the behest of their chiefs or medicine men. The Hebrews believed in such a "God of battles"; and the narrative of their raid on the Midianites is a typical recital of the atrocious cruelty of the ancient tribal wars; this assault, with its slaughter of all the males and the later killing of all male children and all women who were not virgins, would have done honor to the mores of a tribal chieftain of two hundred thousand years ago. And all this was executed in the "name of the Lord God of Israel...."
P.784 - 11

 

***

 

 

...they camped near the base of the highest mountain overlooking the Jordan valley, Mount Sartaba.... P.1374 - 6

 

sartaba.jpg

Mt. Sartaba

 

 

 

...Mount Sartaba, whose summit was occupied by the Alexandrian fortress where Herod had imprisoned one of his wives and buried his two strangled sons....
P.1374 - 6

 

...Regarding the Massacre of the Innocents, although Herod was certainly guilty of many brutal acts, including the killing of his wife and two of his sons, no other known source from the period makes any reference to such a massacre...

 

 

Source/More

 

***

 

 

 

...That evening Joseph, Mary, and Jesus walked a mile and a half to the site of the ancient Jericho, where Joshua, for whom Jesus was named, had performed his renowned exploits, according to Jewish tradition....
P.1375 - 1

 

The Battle of Jericho is an incident in the biblicalBook of Joshua, (Joshua 6:1-27) the first battle of the Israelites during their conquest of Canaan. According to the narrative, the walls of Jericho fell after Joshua's Israelite army marched around the city blowing their trumpets.

 

...Before crossing into the land west of the River Jordan, Joshua sent two spies to look over the land. The king of Jericho heard that two Israelite spies were within his city and ordered them to be brought out to him. The spies were charged with ascertaining where the guards were placed, whether anyone disliked the king and could help them, what weaponry and armour the guards had, when the guards changed shifts, how much food, water, and other supplies the city had, and the height and width of the walls so as to determine how to overcome the city.

 

The woman with whom the spies were staying was named Rahab and she protected them by hiding the two men on her roof. She tells them how the citizens of Jericho had been fearful of the Israelites ever since they defeated the Egyptians via the Red Sea miracle (some 40 years prior), and agrees to cover for them on condition that she and her family are spared in the upcoming battle. The spies agree provided three conditions are met:

  • She must distinguish her house from the others so the soldiers will know which one to spare
  • Her family must be inside the house during the battle, and
  • She must not later turn in the spies.

Rahab agrees to the conditions: she hangs a scarlet rope outside her window to distinguish her house from the others.

 

Safely escaping the city, the two returned to Joshua and reported that the "whole land was melting with fear."

 

Source/More

 

Tomorrow's reading, part 2 of Section 6, THE JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM tells of their campover at Mt Olivet and meeting Jesus' life long friends, Mary, Martha and Lazarus.

 

 

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

 

 

Overview of 124. The Later Childhood of Jesus

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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