Good Day Alina, Carolyn, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Guests,
This encounter on the road to Emmaus raises many questions. Why did Jesus choose to appear to these two who have never before been taught by him or his apostles, or even mentioned. Only one of them was a believer, and neither had ever met Jesus.
How did the brothers find the apostles hidden away at John Mark's upper room when no one knew where they were? Why did Mark let them thru the "barred doors"? And why couldn't the Sanhedrin also find them?
Religious history has labeled these two, "the Emmaus Brothers". From Wikipedia:
Emmaus was an ancient town located approximately 7 miles (11 km) northwest of present day Jerusalem. The New Testament reports that Jesus appeared before two of his followers on the road to Emmaus after his resurrection.
The Gospel of Luke, at Luke 24:13-35, records that Jesus appeared to two disciples who were walking from Jerusalem to Emmaus...One of the disciples is named as Cleopas in verse 18, while his companion remains unnamed.
The Gospel places the story on the evening of the day of Jesus' resurrection. The two disciples have heard the tomb of Jesus was found empty earlier that day. They are discussing the events of the past few days when a stranger asks them what they are discussing. "Their eyes were kept from recognizing him." He soon rebukes them for their unbelief and gives them a Bible study on prophecies about the Messiah. On reaching Emmaus, they ask the stranger to join them for the evening meal. When he breaks the bread "their eyes were opened" and they recognize him as the resurrected Jesus. Jesus immediately vanishes. Cleopas and his friend then hasten back to Jerusalem to carry the news to the other disciples, and arrive in time to proclaim to the eleven who were gathered together with others that Jesus truly is alive. While describing the events, Jesus appeared again to all who were there, giving them a commission to evangelize. Then he took them out as far as Bethany and blessed them before ascending back into heaven.
A similar event is mentioned in the Gospel of Mark (Mark 16:12) although the disciples' destination is not stated. This passage is believed by some to be a late addition derived from the gospel of Luke. The incident is not mentioned in the gospels of either Matthew or John, or in the list of witnesses to the Resurrection given in 1 Corinthians 15.
But the Midwayers do give us the name of the other brother, Jacob. This is such a curious appearance, these two are never cited before or after the day of resurrection, in the Bible or the UB. Presumably they became disciples and took up the "Great Commission".
The New Testament record is spotty. There is but one verse in Mark, chapter 16:
12 After that he appeared in another form unto two of them, as they walked, and went into the country.
But Luke, chapter 24, has a much more complete account:
13 And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs.
14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened.
15 And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.
16 But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.
17 And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?
18 And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?
19 And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people:
20 And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him.
21 But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.
22 Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre;
23 And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive.
24 And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.
25 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken:
26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?
27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.
28 And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he made as though he would have gone further.
29 But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.
30 And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them.
31 And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.
32 And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?
33 And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them...
Two Renaissance depictions of the encounter with the Emmaus brothers, 19th and 17 century, respectively:
Thus ends Paper 190. Tomorrow’s reading is the introduction to Paper 191, Appearances to the Apostles and Other Leaders, in which the Midwayers give a report on the state of mind of each of the apostles during "resurrection Sunday".
Overview of: Paper 190 MORONTIA APPEARANCES OF JESUS
1. Heralds of the Resurrection
2. Jesus’ Appearance at Bethany
3. At the Home of Joseph
4. Appearance to the Greeks
5. The Walk with Two Brothers
This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.
Listen to Paper 190: (click the speaker icon at the top of the page)
Thanks for reading. Members’ thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today’s OPAD presentation are invited.
Much love, Rick/OPAD host.