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PAPER 182 - IN GETHSEMANE


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#1 Rick Warren

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Posted 25 August 2014 - 05:40 AM

Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

 

Today’s Presentation

 

Paper 182 - IN GETHSEMANE

 

[INTRODUCTION]

 

   IT WAS about ten o’clock this Thursday night when Jesus led the eleven apostles from the home of Elijah and Mary Mark on their way back to the Gethsemane camp. Ever since that day in the hills, John Mark had made it his business to keep a watchful eye on Jesus. John, being in need of sleep, had obtained several hours of rest while the Master had been with his apostles in the upper room, but on hearing them coming downstairs, he arose and, quickly throwing a linen coat about himself, followed them through the city, over the brook Kidron, and on to their private encampment adjacent to Gethsemane Park. And John Mark remained so near the Master throughout this night and the next day that he witnessed everything and overheard much of what the Master said from this time on to the hour of the crucifixion.

 

(1963.2)182:0.2 As Jesus and the eleven made their way back to camp, the apostles began to wonder about the meaning of Judas’s prolonged absence, and they spoke to one another concerning the Master’s prediction that one of them would betray him, and for the first time they suspected that all was not well with Judas Iscariot. But they did not engage in open comment about Judas until they reached the camp and observed that he was not there, waiting to receive them. When they all besieged Andrew to know what had become of Judas, their chief remarked only, “I do not know where Judas is, but I fear he has deserted us.”

 

 

 

***

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us.]



#2 Rick Warren

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Posted 25 August 2014 - 06:53 AM

.

 

Greetings Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors!

 

WELCOME to the OPAD presentation of Paper 182. It has three Sections and eight pages. 182 covers a few hours of the evening of April 6, 30 AD, during which Jesus gives final farewells to Andrew and others. He also sends a messenger to Abner and Lazarus so that they might hear of his death from him, not from the rumor mill. In this Paper we are told how the Master spent these last free hours, with Peter, John, James, as John Mark watches and listens nearby.

 

Jesus knows he is about to suffer the worst possible physical and emotional pain, and so he asks God his Father if this really and truly is his will. Jesus' human side is plainly revealed in Paper 182.

 

 

***

 

In the introduction, the Midwayers write:

 

 ...Ever since that day in the hills, John Mark had made it his business to keep a watchful eye on Jesus.... (1963.1)182:0.1

 

They are referring to the day Jesus took Mark with him apart from the apostles, in Paper 177:
 

"...Since with all your heart you crave to go with me, it shall not be denied you. We will go off by ourselves and have a good visit. You may ask me any question that arises in your heart, and we will comfort and console each other....” (1920.6)177:1.2

 

 

***

 

Our God incarnate has about 17 hours to live. At this point he determines finally and absolutely that it is indeed the Universal Father's will that he die this gruesome death, that he 'drink this bitter cup'. But during this evening's unique events, an angel comes to him, touching and strengthening him, as his three weary apostles sleep.

 

 

 

map-34-735px.jpg?1402517918

MAP SOURCE

 

 

 

Overview of PAPER 182: In Gethsemane

 

1. The Last Group Prayer

2. Last Hour Before the Betrayal

3. Alone in Gethsemane

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

 

 

Synopsis of Paper 182:

 

Late Thursday night Jesus led the eleven apostles back to camp where he asked them to kneel in a circle as he prayed. He asked God to help them and to keep them faithful until the Spirit of Truth arrived. "You gave me twelve men, and I have kept them all save one, the son of revenge, who would not have further fellowship with us. These men are weak and frail, but I know we can trust them; I have proved them; they love me, even as they reverence you." Jesus prayed for their strength and courage, and finished by saying, "This world knows very little of you, righteous Father, but I know you, and I have made you known to these believers, and they will make known your name to other generations. And now I promise them that you will be with them in the world even as you have been with me - even so."

 

Jesus revealed God's name to the world as never before. In revealing himself to Moses, all the Father could communicate was "I AM that I AM." Jesus' life enlarged the revelation of the name of God to all generations:

 

I am the bread of life.

I am the living water.

I am the light of the world.

I am the desire of all ages.

I am the open door to eternal salvation.

I am the reality of endless life.

I am the good shepherd.

I am the pathway of infinite perfection.

I am the resurrection and the life.

I am the secret of eternal survival.

I am the way, the truth, and the life.

I am the infinite Father of my finite children.

I am the true vine; you are the branches.

I am the hope of all who know the living truth.

I am the living bridge from one world to another.

I am the living link between time and eternity.

 

As the apostles made their way back to camp they had a discussion about Judas. John Mark and David Zebedee told Jesus privately that they knew Judas intended to betray him to his enemies. Jesus asked them not to be troubled by it.

 

Before they retired, Simon Zelotes offered the apostles weapons. Each man took a sword except for Nathaniel, who pleaded with the others to remember that Jesus didn't want them to use force to establish the kingdom of heaven. Nathaniel said he would pray but he would not arm himself. When Andrew heard Nathaniel's speech he turned his sword back in. Nine men remained armed.

 

After the men went to their tents, Jesus requested a messenger from David. Jesus sent the messenger to Philadelphia to warn Abner of what was to come and to promise that Abner would see Jesus again shortly. Jesus also asked the chief of the visiting Greeks not to be disturbed about what was to take place.

 

None of the apostles expected anything to happen that evening; only David and John Mark realized that their Master's enemies would come that very night.

 

David bade farewell to Jesus, saying, "Master, I have had great joy in my service with you. My brothers are your apostles, but I have delighted to do the lesser things as they should be done, and I shall miss you with all my heart when you are gone." Jesus replied, "David, my son, others have done that which they were directed to do, but this service have you done of your own heart and I have not been unmindful of your devotion."

 

Jesus withdrew with Peter, James, and John to a nearby ravine. His heart was heavy with sorrow. The trial Jesus faced appeared more appalling to him as the evening wore on. He was weary, and anxious for the safety of the apostles. Parting with his men was a great strain. The divine Jesus knew that he had done his best, but the human Jesus wished he could have done more.

 

Jesus desired that the three apostles keep him company as he prayed, but they kept falling asleep. Three times Jesus went aside to pray for assurance from his Father, and three times he returned to find his friends sleeping. During his prayers an angel came to strengthen him. Jesus was convinced that his Father was going to let events take their natural course.

 

Synopsis Source

 

 

The_Urantia_Book_Word_Cloud_182_375.jpg

 

WORD CLOUD OF PAPER 182

 

 

***

 

 

Tomorrow’s reading is Section 1. The Last Group Prayer. The Master stops on the way back to the camp, the apostles form a circle as he prayers over and for them, at the same time giving the world 16 new names/ways the Father is revealed.

 

Listen to Paper 182: (click the speaker icon at the top of the page)

 

Thanks for reading. Members’ thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today’s OPAD presentation are invited.

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host.



#3 Rick Warren

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Posted 26 August 2014 - 04:40 AM


Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

 

Today’s Presentation

 

Paper 182 - IN GETHSEMANE

 

1. The Last Group Prayer

 

   A few moments after arriving at camp, Jesus said to them: “My friends and brethren, my time with you is now very short, and I desire that we draw apart by ourselves while we pray to our Father in heaven for strength to sustain us in this hour and henceforth in all the work we must do in his name.”

 

(1963.4)182:1.2 When Jesus had thus spoken, he led the way a short distance up on Olivet, and in full view of Jerusalem he bade them kneel on a large flat rock in a circle about him as they had done on the day of their ordination; and then, as he stood there in the midst of them glorified in the mellow moonlight, he lifted up his eyes toward heaven and prayed:

 

(1963.5)182:1.3“Father, my hour has come; now glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you. I know that you have given me full authority over all living creatures in my realm, and I will give eternal life to all who will become faith sons of God. And this is eternal life, that my creatures should know you as the only true God and Father of all, and that they should believe in him whom you sent into the world. Father, I have exalted you on earth and have accomplished the work which you gave me to do. I have almost finished my bestowal upon the children of our own creation; there remains only for me to lay down my life in the flesh. And now, O my Father, glorify me with the glory which I had with you before this world was and receive me once more at your right hand.

 

(1964.1)182:1.4“I have manifested you to the men whom you chose from the world and gave to me. They are yours — as all life is in your hands — you gave them to me, and I have lived among them, teaching them the way of life, and they have believed. These men are learning that all I have comes from you, and that the life I live in the flesh is to make known my Father to the worlds. The truth which you have given to me I have revealed to them. These, my friends and ambassadors, have sincerely willed to receive your word. I have told them that I came forth from you, that you sent me into this world, and that I am about to return to you. Father, I do pray for these chosen men. And I pray for them not as I would pray for the world, but as for those whom I have chosen out of the world to represent me to the world after I have returned to your work, even as I have represented you in this world during my sojourn in the flesh. These men are mine; you gave them to me; but all things which are mine are ever yours, and all that which was yours you have now caused to be mine. You have been exalted in me, and I now pray that I may be honored in these men. I can no longer be in this world; I am about to return to the work you have given me to do. I must leave these men behind to represent us and our kingdom among men. Father, keep these men faithful as I prepare to yield up my life in the flesh. Help these, my friends, to be one in spirit, even as we are one. As long as I could be with them, I could watch over them and guide them, but now am I about to go away. Be near them, Father, until we can send the new teacher to comfort and strengthen them.

 

(1964.2)182:1.5“You gave me twelve men, and I have kept them all save one, the son of revenge, who would not have further fellowship with us. These men are weak and frail, but I know we can trust them; I have proved them; they love me, even as they reverence you. While they must suffer much for my sake, I desire that they should also be filled with the joy of the assurance of sonship in the heavenly kingdom. I have given these men your word and have taught them the truth. The world may hate them, even as it has hated me, but I do not ask that you take them out of the world, only that you keep them from the evil in the world. Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth. And as you sent me into this world, even so am I about to send these men into the world. For their sakes I have lived among men and have consecrated my life to your service that I might inspire them to be purified through the truth I have taught them and the love I have revealed to them. I well know, my Father, that there is no need for me to ask you to watch over these brethren after I have gone; I know you love them even as I, but I do this that they may the better realize the Father loves mortal men even as does the Son.

 

(1964.3)182:1.6“And now, my Father, I would pray not only for these eleven men but also for all others who now believe, or who may hereafter believe the gospel of the kingdom through the word of their future ministry. I want them all to be one, even as you and I are one. You are in me and I am in you, and I desire that these believers likewise be in us; that both of our spirits indwell them. If my children are one as we are one, and if they love one another as I have loved them, all men will then believe that I came forth from you and be willing to receive the revelation of truth and glory which I have made. The glory which you gave me I have revealed to these believers. As you have lived with me in spirit, so have I lived with them in the flesh. As you have been one with me, so have I been one with them, and so will the new teacher ever be one with them and in them. And all this have I done that my brethren in the flesh may know that the Father loves them even as does the Son, and that you love them even as you love me. Father, work with me to save these believers that they may presently come to be with me in glory and then go on to join you in the Paradise embrace. Those who serve with me in humiliation, I would have with me in glory so that they may see all you have given into my hands as the eternal harvest of the seed sowing of time in the likeness of mortal flesh. I long to show my earthly brethren the glory I had with you before the founding of this world. This world knows very little of you, righteous Father, but I know you, and I have made you known to these believers, and they will make known your name to other generations. And now I promise them that you will be with them in the world even as you have been with me — even so.”

 

(1965.1)182:1.7 The eleven remained kneeling in this circle about Jesus for several minutes before they arose and in silence made their way back to the near-by camp.

 

(1965.2)182:1.8 Jesus prayed for unity among his followers, but he did not desire uniformity. Sin creates a dead level of evil inertia, but righteousness nourishes the creative spirit of individual experience in the living realities of eternal truth and in the progressive communion of the divine spirits of the Father and the Son. In the spiritual fellowship of the believer-son with the divine Father there can never be doctrinal finality and sectarian superiority of group consciousness.

 

(1965.3)182:1.9 The Master, during the course of this final prayer with his apostles, alluded to the fact that he had manifested the Father’s name to the world. And that is truly what he did by the revelation of God through his perfected life in the flesh. The Father in heaven had sought to reveal himself to Moses, but he could proceed no further than to cause it to be said, “I AM.” And when pressed for further revelation of himself, it was only disclosed, “I AM that I AM.” But when Jesus had finished his earth life, this name of the Father had been so revealed that the Master, who was the Father incarnate, could truly say:

 

(1965.20)182:1.26 Thus did Jesus enlarge the living revelation of the name of God to all generations. As divine love reveals the nature of God, eternal truth discloses his name in ever-enlarging proportions.

 

 

I am the bread of life.

 

I am the living water.

 

I am the light of the world.

 

I am the desire of all ages.

 

I am the open door to eternal salvation.

 

I am the reality of endless life.

 

I am the good shepherd.

 

I am the pathway of infinite perfection.

 

I am the resurrection and the life.

 

I am the secret of eternal survival.

 

I am the way, the truth, and the life.

 

I am the infinite Father of my finite children.

 

I am the true vine; you are the branches.

 

I am the hope of all who know the living truth.

 

I am the living bridge from one world to another.

 

I am the living link between time and eternity.

 

 

***

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us.]



#4 Rick Warren

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Posted 26 August 2014 - 06:34 AM

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Good Day Alina, Carolyn, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Guests,

 

What a sublime and divine image these words evoke:

 

...in full view of Jerusalem he bade them kneel on a large flat rock in a circle about him as they had done on the day of their ordination; and then, as he stood there in the midst of them glorified in the mellow moonlight, he lifted up his eyes toward heaven and prayed.... (1963.4)182:1.2

 

No doubt all Nebadon witnessed this prayerful scene on that fortunate rock!

 

 

healing_circle.jpg

 

IMAGE SOURCE

 

John Zebedee remembered and recorded some of this prayer in his Gospel statement, chapter 17:


1 These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee:

 

As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.

And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.

I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do.

And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.

I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.

Now they have known that all things whatsoever thou hast given me are of thee.

For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me.

I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine.

10 And all mine are thine, and thine are mine; and I am glorified in them.

11 And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are.

12 While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled.

13 And now come I to thee; and these things I speak in the world, that they might have my joy fulfilled in themselves.

14 I have given them thy word; and the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.

15 I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil.

16 They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.

17 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.

18 As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world.

19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth.

20 Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word;

21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.

22 And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one:

23 I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me.

24 Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.

25 O righteous Father, the world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that thou hast sent me.

26 And I have declared unto them thy name, and will declare it: that the love wherewith thou hast loved me may be in them, and I in them.




***

 

There are several paragraphs in the UB that reflect this statement from the Midwayers in today's reading:
 

...Jesus prayed for unity among his followers, but he did not desire uniformity.... (1965.2)182:1.8


Here are two of them. From Paper 195:
 

...The true church — the Jesus brotherhood — is invisible, spiritual, and is characterized by unity, not necessarily by uniformity. Uniformity is the earmark of the physical world of mechanistic nature. Spiritual unity is the fruit of faith union with the living Jesus.... (2085.3)195:10.11
 

And from Paper 155:
 

...The religions of authority require of men uniformity in belief, but this is impossible of realization in the present state of the world. The religion of the spirit requires only unity of experience — uniformity of destiny — making full allowance for diversity of belief. The religion of the spirit requires only uniformity of insight, not uniformity of viewpoint and outlook. The religion of the spirit does not demand uniformity of intellectual views, only unity of spirit feeling.... (1732.2)155:6.9


***

 

 

It was in the Old Testament book of Exodus that God spoke these words in today's reading to Moses:

 



...The Father in heaven had sought to reveal himself to Moses, but he could proceed no further than to cause it to be said, “I AM.” And when pressed for further revelation of himself, it was only disclosed, “I AM that I AM...." (1965.3)182:1.9

 

From Exodus 3:

 

14 And God said unto Moses, I Am That I Am: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I Am hath sent me unto you.

 

***

 

All of the 16 names of God listed in today's reading appear elsewhere, in either or both the UB and the Bible:
 

I am the bread of life.

 

I am the living water.

 

I am the light of the world.

 

I am the desire of all ages.

 

I am the open door to eternal salvation.

 

I am the reality of endless life.

 

I am the good shepherd.

 

I am the pathway of infinite perfection.

 

I am the resurrection and the life.

 

I am the secret of eternal survival.

 

I am the way, the truth, and the life.

 

I am the infinite Father of my finite children.

 

I am the true vine; you are the branches.

 

I am the hope of all who know the living truth.

 

I am the living bridge from one world to another.

 

I am the living link between time and eternity.


 

These are the Bible references (S = same, C = compare):
 

1965:29 182:01.10/01 I am the bread of life   John 06:35,48,51

S

 

1965:30 182:01.10/02 I am the living water   John 04:10-14

S

 

1965:30 182:01.10/02 I am the living water   John 07:37-38

S

 

1965:31 182:01.10/03 I am the light of the world   John 01:09

S

 

1965:31 182:01.10/03 I am the light of the world   John 08:12

S

 

1965:31 182:01.10/03 I am the light of the world   John 09:05

S

 

1965:31 182:01.10/03 I am the light of the world   John 12:46

S

 

1965:32 182:01.10/04 I am the desire of all ages   Haggai 02:07

C

 

1965:33 182:01.10/05 I am the open door to salvation   John 10:01-03,07.09

S

 

1965:34 182:01.10/06 I am the reality of endless life   John 03:16-17,36

S

 

1965:34 182:01.10/06 I am the reality of endless life   John 06:27,40

S

 

1965:34 182:01.10/06 I am the reality of endless life   John 10:28-29

S

 

1965:34 182:01.10/06 I am the reality of endless life   John 17:02-03

S

 

1965:35 182:01.10/07 I am the good shepherd   John 10:11-16

S

 

1965:35 182:01.10/07 I am the good shepherd   Hebrews 13:20

S

 

1965:36 182:01.10/08 I am the pathway of perfection   Hebrews 07:09-17

C

 

1965:37 182:01.10/09 I am the resurrection & the life   John 11:25

S

 

1965:38 182:01.10/10 I am the secret of survival   Mark 10:29-30

S

 

1965:38 182:01.10/10 I am the secret of survival   John 06:68

S

 

1965:38 182:01.10/10 I am the secret of survival   Romans 06:23

C

 

1965:39 182:01.10/11 I am the Way, Truth & Life   John 14:06

S

 

1965:40 182:01.10/12 I am the Infinite Father of children   John 03:35-36

S

 

1965:40 182:01.10/12 I am the Infinite Father of children   John 05:19-24

S

 

1965:40 182:01.10/12 I am the Infinite Father of children   John 10:30

S

 

1965:40 182:01.10/12 I am the Infinite Father of children   John 17:20-21

S

 

1965:41 182:01.10/13 I am the vine, you are branches   John 15:01,05

S

 

1965:42 182:01.10/14 I am the hope of all living truth   Colossians 01:27

C

 

1965:42 182:01.10/14 I am the hope of all living truth 1 Thesslonians 02:19

C

 

1965:42 182:01.10/14 I am the hope of all living truth 1 Timothy 01:01

C

 

1965:42 182:01.10/14 I am the hope of all living truth   Titus 02:13

C

 

 

 

***

 

In tomorrow’s reading Section 2. Last Hour Before the Betrayal, the apostles finally realize Judas has turned against them, Jesus sends a messenger to Abner, he tells the Greeks not be disturbed by what is about to happen, he says his last words to Andrew and David Z, John Mark hides in the brush to watch the final event before the arrest, meanwhile Judas is finalizing his betrayal.

 

Master stops on the way back to the camp, the apostles form a circle as he prayers over and for them, at the same time giving the world 16 new names/ways the Father is revealed.

 

Overview of PAPER 182: In Gethsemane

 

1. The Last Group Prayer

2. Last Hour Before the Betrayal

3. Alone in Gethsemane

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

Listen to Paper 182: (click the speaker icon at the top of the page)

 

Thanks for reading. Members’ thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today’s OPAD presentation are invited.

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host.



#5 Rick Warren

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Posted 27 August 2014 - 05:08 AM


Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

 

Today’s Presentation

 

Paper 182 - IN GETHSEMANE

 

2. Last Hour Before the Betrayal

 

   The apostles were greatly shocked when they returned to their camp and found Judas absent. While the eleven were engaged in a heated discussion of their traitorous fellow apostle, David Zebedee and John Mark took Jesus to one side and revealed that they had kept Judas under observation for several days, and that they knew he intended to betray him into the hands of his enemies. Jesus listened to them but only said: “My friends, nothing can happen to the Son of Man unless the Father in heaven so wills. Let not your hearts be troubled; all things will work together for the glory of God and the salvation of men.”

 

(1966.2)182:2.2 The cheerful attitude of Jesus was waning. As the hour passed, he grew more and more serious, even sorrowful. The apostles, being much agitated, were loath to return to their tents even when requested to do so by the Master himself. Returning from his talk with David and John, he addressed his last words to all eleven, saying: “My friends, go to your rest. Prepare yourselves for the work of tomorrow. Remember, we should all submit ourselves to the will of the Father in heaven. My peace I leave with you.” And having thus spoken, he motioned them to their tents, but as they went, he called to Peter, James, and John, saying, “I desire that you remain with me for a little while.”

 

(1966.3)182:2.3 The apostles fell asleep only because they were literally exhausted; they had been running short on sleep ever since their arrival in Jerusalem. Before they went to their separate sleeping quarters, Simon Zelotes led them all over to his tent, where were stored the swords and other arms, and supplied each of them with this fighting equipment. All of them received these arms and girded themselves therewith except Nathaniel. Nathaniel, in refusing to arm himself, said: “My brethren, the Master has repeatedly told us that his kingdom is not of this world, and that his disciples should not fight with the sword to bring about its establishment. I believe this; I do not think the Master needs to have us employ the sword in his defense. We have all seen his mighty power and know that he could defend himself against his enemies if he so desired. If he will not resist his enemies, it must be that such a course represents his attempt to fulfill his Father’s will. I will pray, but I will not wield the sword.” When Andrew heard Nathaniel’s speech, he handed his sword back to Simon Zelotes. And so nine of them were armed as they separated for the night.

 

(1966.4)182:2.4 Resentment of Judas’s being a traitor for the moment eclipsed everything else in the apostles’ minds. The Master’s comment in reference to Judas, spoken in the course of the last prayer, opened their eyes to the fact that he had forsaken them.

 

(1966.5)182:2.5 After the eight apostles had finally gone to their tents, and while Peter, James, and John were standing by to receive the Master’s orders, Jesus called to David Zebedee, “Send to me your most fleet and trustworthy messenger.” When David brought to the Master one Jacob, once a runner on the overnight messenger service between Jerusalem and Bethsaida, Jesus, addressing him, said: “In all haste, go to Abner at Philadelphia and say: ‘The Master sends greetings of peace to you and says that the hour has come when he will be delivered into the hands of his enemies, who will put him to death, but that he will rise from the dead and appear to you shortly, before he goes to the Father, and that he will then give you guidance to the time when the new teacher shall come to live in your hearts.’” And when Jacob had rehearsed this message to the Master’s satisfaction, Jesus sent him on his way, saying: “Fear not what any man may do to you, Jacob, for this night an unseen messenger will run by your side.”

 

(1967.1)182:2.6 Then Jesus turned to the chief of the visiting Greeks who were encamped with them, and said: “My brother, be not disturbed by what is about to take place since I have already forewarned you. The Son of Man will be put to death at the instigation of his enemies, the chief priests and the rulers of the Jews, but I will rise to be with you a short time before I go to the Father. And when you have seen all this come to pass, glorify God and strengthen your brethren.”

 

(1967.2)182:2.7 In ordinary circumstances the apostles would have bidden the Master a personal good night, but this evening they were so preoccupied with the sudden realization of Judas’s desertion and so overcome by the unusual nature of the Master’s farewell prayer that they listened to his good-bye salutation and went away in silence.

 

(1967.3)182:2.8 Jesus did say this to Andrew as he left his side that night: “Andrew, do what you can to keep your brethren together until I come again to you after I have drunk this cup. Strengthen your brethren, seeing that I have already told you all. Peace be with you.”

 

(1967.4)182:2.9 None of the apostles expected anything out of the ordinary to happen that night since it was already so late. They sought sleep that they might rise up early in the morning and be prepared for the worst. They thought that the chief priests would seek to apprehend their Master early in the morning as no secular work was ever done after noon on the preparation day for the Passover. Only David Zebedee and John Mark understood that the enemies of Jesus were coming with Judas that very night.

 

(1967.5)182:2.10 David had arranged to stand guard that night on the upper trail which led to the Bethany-Jerusalem road, while John Mark was to watch along the road coming up by the Kidron to Gethsemane. Before David went to his self-imposed task of outpost duty, he bade farewell to Jesus, saying: “Master, I have had great joy in my service with you. My brothers are your apostles, but I have delighted to do the lesser things as they should be done, and I shall miss you with all my heart when you are gone.” And then said Jesus to David: “David, my son, others have done that which they were directed to do, but this service have you done of your own heart, and I have not been unmindful of your devotion. You, too, shall some day serve with me in the eternal kingdom.”

 

(1967.6)182:2.11 And then, as he prepared to go on watch by the upper trail, David said to Jesus: “You know, Master, I sent for your family, and I have word by a messenger that they are tonight in Jericho. They will be here early tomorrow forenoon since it would be dangerous for them to come up the bloody way by night.” And Jesus, looking down upon David, only said: “Let it be so, David.”

 

(1967.7)182:2.12 When David had gone up Olivet, John Mark took up his vigil near the road which ran by the brook down to Jerusalem. And John would have remained at this post but for his great desire to be near Jesus and to know what was going on. Shortly after David left him, and when John Mark observed Jesus withdraw, with Peter, James, and John, into a near-by ravine, he was so overcome with combined devotion and curiosity that he forsook his sentinel post and followed after them, hiding himself in the bushes, from which place he saw and overheard all that transpired during those last moments in the garden and just before Judas and the armed guards appeared to arrest Jesus.

 

(1968.1)182:2.13 While all this was in progress at the Master’s camp, Judas Iscariot was in conference with the captain of the temple guards, who had assembled his men preparatory to setting out, under the leadership of the betrayer, to arrest Jesus.

 

 

***

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us.]



#6 Rick Warren

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Posted 27 August 2014 - 06:22 AM


.

 

Greetings Alina, Carolyn, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors,

 

This line from Jesus in the first paragraph of today's reading:

 

“...all things will work together for the glory of God and the salvation of men....” (1966.2)182:2.2

 

...appears in several other places. From the Divine Counselor in Paper 4:

 

“...We know that all things work together for good to those who love God,” “for the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open to their prayers....” (55.2)4:1.4

 

This iteration is from a Mighty Messenger in Paper 54:
 

...all things (including evil, potential and manifest) work together for good to all beings who know God, love to do his will.... (616.6)54:4.7
 

Also from a Mighty Messenger in Paper 118:


 ...all things, be they good or evil, work together for the advancement of God-knowing mortals in their quest for the Father of all.... (1306.7)118:10.18

 

The only Biblical appearance is in the New Testament book of Romans, chapter 8:
 

28 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.

 

***

 

Jesus in today's reading:

 

...The cheerful attitude of Jesus was waning...he called to Peter, James, and John, saying, “I desire that you remain with me for a little while....” (1966.2)182:2.2

 

 

From Matthew 26:

 

37 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy.

 

From Mark 14:
 

33 And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy;

 

***

 

At least two of the eleven followed their Master's wishes regarding arms:
 

...When Andrew heard Nathaniel’s speech, he handed his sword back to Simon Zelotes.... (1966.3)182:2.3
 

 

 

And it might well be said of the "most fleet" Jacob: 'he ran with an angel's protection' (or was it a Midwayer?):

 

"...Fear not what any man may do to you, Jacob, for this night an unseen messenger will run by your side....” (1966.5)182:2.5

 

The recipients of the message Jacob delivered must have been simultaneously gratified, comforted and grievously torn. Surely they wished with all their hearts to be in Jerusalem near him. Soon enough tho, he would come to them, and to the Greeks. The Master's appearances before these two groups are recorded in:
 

Paper 190 4. Appearance to the Greeks

 

Paper 191 4. The Tenth Appearance (At Philadelphia)
 

 

***

 

David Z earned everyone's respect by uncomplainingly doing that which needed doing, even before being asked. What a hero that one. Jesus acknowledges his contribution so well in a few words. They bear repeating:
 

“...others have done that which they were directed to do, but this service have you done of your own heart, and I have not been unmindful of your devotion. You, too, shall some day serve with me in the eternal kingdom....” (1967.5)182:2.10

 

Such devotion brings a tear to the eye. Some might suggest he was rewarded right here on Urantia, when he became the husband of Jesus' baby sister Ruth.

 

John Mark was another self motivated and devoted server. And no human becomes more well informed about all that is about to happen on this evening with his three sleepy apostles in Gethsemane park. Mark must have realized Jesus needed no guard or warning, so leaving his assigned post was not detrimental:
 

...when John Mark observed Jesus withdraw, with Peter, James, and John, into a near-by ravine, he was so overcome with combined devotion and curiosity that he forsook his sentinel post and followed after them, hiding himself in the bushes, from which place he saw and overheard all that transpired.... (1967.7)182:2.12

 

 

All this is going on as the betrayer plots his monumentally nefarious deed:

 

...Judas Iscariot was in conference with the captain of the temple guards.... (1968.1)182:2.13
 

 

***

 

Tomorrow’s reading, Section 3. Alone in Gethsemane, has the details of that most touching story of a God-man in his last hours before an extremely unjust trial, and an excruciatingly cruel death. The whole celestial universe is looking on. So is John Mark, but Peter, John and James fade in and out of this unique scenario in which a Creator Son in the flesh confirms God's will and an angel descends to strengthen him to carry thru, to do that thing which God would, by necessity, have him do.

 

 

 

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Overview of PAPER 182: In Gethsemane

 

1. The Last Group Prayer

2. Last Hour Before the Betrayal

3. Alone in Gethsemane

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

Listen to Paper 182: (click the speaker icon at the top of the page)

 

Thanks for reading. Members’ thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today’s OPAD presentation are invited.

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host.



#7 Rick Warren

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Posted 28 August 2014 - 05:04 AM


Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

 

Today’s Presentation

 

Paper 182 - IN GETHSEMANE

 

3. Alone in Gethsemane

 

    After all was still and quiet about the camp, Jesus, taking Peter, James, and John, went a short way up a near-by ravine where he had often before gone to pray and commune. The three apostles could not help recognizing that he was grievously oppressed; never before had they observed their Master to be so heavy-laden and sorrowful. When they arrived at the place of his devotions, he bade the three sit down and watch with him while he went off about a stone’s throw to pray. And when he had fallen down on his face, he prayed: “My Father, I came into this world to do your will, and so have I. I know that the hour has come to lay down this life in the flesh, and I do not shrink therefrom, but I would know that it is your will that I drink this cup. Send me the assurance that I will please you in my death even as I have in my life.”

 

(1968.3)182:3.2 The Master remained in a prayerful attitude for a few moments, and then, going over to the three apostles, he found them sound asleep, for their eyes were heavy and they could not remain awake. As Jesus awoke them, he said: “What! can you not watch with me even for one hour? Cannot you see that my soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death, and that I crave your companionship?” After the three had aroused from their slumber, the Master again went apart by himself and, falling down on the ground, again prayed: “Father, I know it is possible to avoid this cup — all things are possible with you — but I have come to do your will, and while this is a bitter cup, I would drink it if it is your will.” And when he had thus prayed, a mighty angel came down by his side and, speaking to him, touched him and strengthened him.

 

(1968.4)182:3.3 When Jesus returned to speak with the three apostles, he again found them fast asleep. He awakened them, saying: “In such an hour I need that you should watch and pray with me — all the more do you need to pray that you enter not into temptation — wherefore do you fall asleep when I leave you?”

 

(1968.5)182:3.4 And then, for a third time, the Master withdrew and prayed: “Father, you see my sleeping apostles; have mercy upon them. The spirit is indeed willing, but the flesh is weak. And now, O Father, if this cup may not pass, then would I drink it. Not my will, but yours, be done.” And when he had finished praying, he lay for a moment prostrate on the ground. When he arose and went back to his apostles, once more he found them asleep. He surveyed them and, with a pitying gesture, tenderly said: “Sleep on now and take your rest; the time of decision is past. The hour is now upon us wherein the Son of Man will be betrayed into the hands of his enemies.” As he reached down to shake them that he might awaken them, he said: “Arise, let us be going back to the camp, for, behold, he who betrays me is at hand, and the hour has come when my flock shall be scattered. But I have already told you about these things.”

 

(1968.6)182:3.5 During the years that Jesus lived among his followers, they did, indeed, have much proof of his divine nature, but just now are they about to witness new evidences of his humanity. Just before the greatest of all the revelations of his divinity, his resurrection, must now come the greatest proofs of his mortal nature, his humiliation and crucifixion.

 

(1969.1)182:3.6 Each time he prayed in the garden, his humanity laid a firmer faith-hold upon his divinity; his human will more completely became one with the divine will of his Father. Among other words spoken to him by the mighty angel was the message that the Father desired his Son to finish his earth bestowal by passing through the creature experience of death just as all mortal creatures must experience material dissolution in passing from the existence of time into the progression of eternity.

 

(1969.2)182:3.7 Earlier in the evening it had not seemed so difficult to drink the cup, but as the human Jesus bade farewell to his apostles and sent them to their rest, the trial grew more appalling. Jesus experienced that natural ebb and flow of feeling which is common to all human experience, and just now he was weary from work, exhausted from the long hours of strenuous labor and painful anxiety concerning the safety of his apostles. While no mortal can presume to understand the thoughts and feelings of the incarnate Son of God at such a time as this, we know that he endured great anguish and suffered untold sorrow, for the perspiration rolled off his face in great drops. He was at last convinced that the Father intended to allow natural events to take their course; he was fully determined to employ none of his sovereign power as the supreme head of a universe to save himself.

 

(1969.3)182:3.8 The assembled hosts of a vast creation are now hovered over this scene under the transient joint command of Gabriel and the Personalized Adjuster of Jesus. The division commanders of these armies of heaven have repeatedly been warned not to interfere with these transactions on earth unless Jesus himself should order them to intervene.

 

(1969.4)182:3.9 The experience of parting with the apostles was a great strain on the human heart of Jesus; this sorrow of love bore down on him and made it more difficult to face such a death as he well knew awaited him. He realized how weak and how ignorant his apostles were, and he dreaded to leave them. He well knew that the time of his departure had come, but his human heart longed to find out whether there might not possibly be some legitimate avenue of escape from this terrible plight of suffering and sorrow. And when it had thus sought escape, and failed, it was willing to drink the cup. The divine mind of Michael knew he had done his best for the twelve apostles; but the human heart of Jesus wished that more might have been done for them before they should be left alone in the world. Jesus’ heart was being crushed; he truly loved his brethren. He was isolated from his family in the flesh; one of his chosen associates was betraying him. His father Joseph’s people had rejected him and thereby sealed their doom as a people with a special mission on earth. His soul was tortured by baffled love and rejected mercy. It was just one of those awful human moments when everything seems to bear down with crushing cruelty and terrible agony.

 

(1969.5)182:3.10 Jesus’ humanity was not insensible to this situation of private loneliness, public shame, and the appearance of the failure of his cause. All these sentiments bore down on him with indescribable heaviness. In this great sorrow his mind went back to the days of his childhood in Nazareth and to his early work in Galilee. At the time of this great trial there came up in his mind many of those pleasant scenes of his earthly ministry. And it was from these old memories of Nazareth, Capernaum, Mount Hermon, and of the sunrise and sunset on the shimmering Sea of Galilee, that he soothed himself as he made his human heart strong and ready to encounter the traitor who should so soon betray him.

 

(1970.1)182:3.11 Before Judas and the soldiers arrived, the Master had fully regained his customary poise; the spirit had triumphed over the flesh; faith had asserted itself over all human tendencies to fear or entertain doubt. The supreme test of the full realization of the human nature had been met and acceptably passed. Once more the Son of Man was prepared to face his enemies with equanimity and in the full assurance of his invincibility as a mortal man unreservedly dedicated to the doing of his Father’s will.

 

 

***

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us.]



#8 Rick Warren

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Posted 28 August 2014 - 06:31 AM


.

 

Good Day Alina, Carolyn, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Guests,

 

Evidently Jesus is not looking forward to this horrific death. Who would? Obviously, when the consequences are this painful, even a God incarnate needs confirmation. He wants absolute certainty that this is without the least doubt, Father's will:

  

"...Send me the assurance that I will please you in my death even as I have in my life....” (1968.3)182:3.2

 

What a scene, God's son is praying about this awful exit from life in the flesh, he stops to rouse his exhausted friends (to little avail), then the answer to his prayer comes in the form of an angel:
 

...when he had thus prayed, a mighty angel came down by his side and, speaking to him, touched him and strengthened him.... (1968.3)182:3.2

 

Presumably, if we were in the same situation, we too might receive an angel's comfort and assurance.

 

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Then Jesus utters these beautiful and fatherly words over his weary children:

 

"...Sleep on now and take your rest; the time of decision is past....” (1968.5)182:3.4

 

 

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What love, what resolve, what courage. But what a tragedy.
 

 

***

 

From the Midwayers in today's reading:
 

...we know that he endured great anguish and suffered untold sorrow, for the perspiration rolled off his face in great drops. He was at last convinced that the Father intended to allow natural events to take their course.... (1969.2)182:3.7

 

There can be only one overriding reason God would ask his Son to suffer this supreme humiliation, the painful flogging and outrageous crucifixion. So that no human can ever say our Gods don't know what it is like down here, to deal with the physical cruelty, the ubiquitous mental madness, the terrible distortions and perversions of divine truth. They know.

 

 

***

 

 

This is interesting, apparently there is potential danger in that some well-intentioned angel or other celestial might interfere. From today's reading:
 

 ...The division commanders of these armies of heaven have repeatedly been warned not to interfere with these transactions on earth unless Jesus himself should order them to intervene.... (1969.3)182:3.8


Apparently Gabriel and his subordinates must hold back vast flood tides of sympathy and the overwhelming desire to do something to help their sovereign thru this pivotal moment of "agony":

 

...His soul was tortured by baffled love and rejected mercy. It was just one of those awful human moments when everything seems to bear down with crushing cruelty and terrible agony.... (1969.4)182:3.9

 

How tender and beautiful the angel comforting him must have appeared from above.

 

Gerrit_van_Honthorst_Christ_in_the_Garde

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***
 

 

This in today's reading:
 

...it was from these old memories of Nazareth, Capernaum, Mount Hermon, and of the sunrise and sunset on the shimmering Sea of Galilee, that he soothed himself as he made his human heart strong and ready to encounter the traitor who should so soon betray him.... (1969.5)182:3.10
 

...brings to mind a quote from Rodan in Paper 160:
 

...Train your memory to hold in sacred trust the strength-giving and worth-while episodes of life, which you can recall at will for your pleasure and edification.... (1779.4)160:4.12



Not sure why, but reading these words in today's OPAD causes tears to flow:

 

...the spirit had triumphed over the flesh; faith had asserted itself over all human tendencies to fear or entertain doubt. The supreme test of the full realization of the human nature had been met and acceptably passed.... (1970.1)182:3.11

 

Maybe it's the sheer beauty of his resolve, his stalwart willingness to follow the divine plan no matter what, to do the thing that is most needed but is also the most painful and difficult.

 


***

 

 

This prayerful session in the ravine was recorded in the synoptic Gospels. Mark and Matthew are mirror images, But Luke's version is somewhat erroneous and clipped. Also strange is the fact that the Gospel of John says nothing, and he was present--albeit a sleepy presence:

From Mark 14:

 

32 And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray.

33 And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy;

34 And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch.

35 And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him.

36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt.

37 And he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? couldest not thou watch one hour?

38 Watch ye and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. The spirit truly is ready, but the flesh is weak.

39 And again he went away, and prayed, and spake the same words.

40 And when he returned, he found them asleep again, (for their eyes were heavy,) neither wist they what to answer him.

41 And he cometh the third time, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: it is enough, the hour is come; behold, the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.

42 Rise up, let us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand.

 

 

From Matthew 26:
 

36 Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder.

37 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy.

38 Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me.

39 And he went a little farther, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.

40 And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with me one hour?

41 Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.

42 He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done.

43 And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy.

44 And he left them, and went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words.

45 Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.

46 Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me.


From Luke 22:
 

39 And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him.

40 And when he was at the place, he said unto them, Pray that ye enter not into temptation.

41 And he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, and prayed,

42 Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.

43 And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him.

44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.

45 And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow,

46 And said unto them, Why sleep ye? rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation.




***


That's the end of 182, and the end of Jesus' freedom, the remainder of his life will be under arrest, bound and beaten. That story begins in tomorrow’s reading, the introduction to Paper 183
:The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus. He is deeply concerned that his apostles will be taken and killed with him, so he leaves the camp to meet his betrayers and the Roman guards down the hill a bit. Only John Mark follows.

 

 

Overview of PAPER 182: In Gethsemane

 

1. The Last Group Prayer

2. Last Hour Before the Betrayal

3. Alone in Gethsemane

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

Listen to Paper 182: (click the speaker icon at the top of the page)

 

Thanks for reading. Members’ thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today’s OPAD presentation are invited.

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host.





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