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PAPER 168 - THE RESURRECTION OF LAZARUS


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#21 Rick Warren

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Posted 28 May 2014 - 04:29 AM

Welcome to The OPAD Online Study Session

 

Today's Presentation

 

Paper 168 - The Resurrection of Lazarus

 

5. What Became of Lazarus

 

 

   Lazarus remained at the Bethany home, being the center of great interest to many sincere believers and to numerous curious individuals, until the days of the crucifixion of Jesus, when he received warning that the Sanhedrin had decreed his death. The rulers of the Jews were determined to put a stop to the further spread of the teachings of Jesus, and they well judged that it would be useless to put Jesus to death if they permitted Lazarus, who represented the very peak of his wonder-working, to live and bear testimony to the fact that Jesus had raised him from the dead. Already had Lazarus suffered bitter persecution from them.*

 

(1849.6) 168:5.2 And so Lazarus took hasty leave of his sisters at Bethany, fleeing down through Jericho and across the Jordan, never permitting himself to rest long until he had reached Philadelphia. Lazarus knew Abner well, and here he felt safe from the murderous intrigues of the wicked Sanhedrin.

 

(1849.7) 168:5.3 Soon after this Martha and Mary disposed of their lands at Bethany and joined their brother in Perea. Meantime, Lazarus had become the treasurer of the church at Philadelphia. He became a strong supporter of Abner in his controversy with Paul and the Jerusalem church and ultimately died, when 67 years old, of the same sickness that carried him off when he was a younger man at Bethany.

 

 

 

 

***

 

 

 

 

[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome and encouraged. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us.]



#22 Rick Warren

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Posted 28 May 2014 - 05:52 AM

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Good Day Bonita, Alina, Carolyn, Carola, Fellow Students, Forum Friends, Members and Visitors,

 

Lazurus' second death was not recorded in the Bible, or any where else until the UB was written. There is another Lazarus in the Bible, but Lazarus of Bethany, Jesus' friend, his name appears 11 times, but only in the Gospel of John.

 

The story of his bodily resurrection was recorded in John, chapter 11 (see this post). But there are these somewhat disjointed scriptures citing Lazarus, in chapter 12:

 

1 Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead.

 

2 There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.

 

9 Much people of the Jews therefore knew that he was there: and they came not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead.

 

10 But the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death;

 

11 Because that by reason of him many of the Jews went away, and believed on Jesus.

 

17 The people therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from the dead, bare record.

 

 

***

 

 

Lazarus' name appears over 100 times in the UB, from Paper 124 to 193. This seemingly ordinary man played a pivotal role in the life and teachings of the Master. Later he stood beside the loyal and wise Abner at the Christian church, in old Philadelphia (now Amman Jordan). In fact Jesus appeared behind Abner and Lazaurs (at the tenth morontia appearance) after his death:

 

...The meeting in the synagogue was just being opened by Abner and Lazarus, who were standing together in the pulpit, when the entire audience of believers saw the form of the Master appear suddenly. He stepped forward from where he had appeared between Abner and Lazarus, neither of whom had observed him.... (2041.5) 191:4.2

 

 

Art works depicting Lazarus' resurrection are numerous:

 

452px-Sebastiano_del_Piombo%2C_The_Raisi

 

The Raising of Lazarus, Oil on canvas, c. 1517-1519, Sebastiano del Piombo (National Gallery, London)

 

IMAGE SOURCE

 

 

Interesting to note the Eastern Orthodox church appears to honor Lazarus more than the Roman Catholics do. From Wikipedia:

 

Eastern Orthodoxy

 

The Orthodox Church and Byzantine Catholic Church commemorate Lazarus on Lazarus Saturday, the day before Palm Sunday, which is a moveable feast day. This day, together with Palm Sunday, hold a unique position in the church year...During the preceding week, the hymns in the Lenten Triodion track the sickness and then the death of Lazarus, and Christ's journey from beyond Jordan to Bethany. The scripture readings and hymns for Lazarus Saturday focus on the resurrection of Lazarus as a foreshadowing of the Resurrection of Christ, and a promise of the General Resurrection. The Gospel narrative is interpreted in the hymns as illustrating the two natures of Christ: his humanity in asking, "Where have ye laid him?", and his divinity by commanding Lazarus to come forth from the dead. Many of the Resurrectional hymns of the normal Sunday service, which are omitted on Palm Sunday, are chanted on Lazarus Saturday. During the Divine Liturgy, the Baptismal Hymn, "As many as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ", is sung in place of the Trisagion. Although the forty days of Great Lent end on the day before Lazarus Saturday, the day is still observed as a fast; however, it is somewhat mitigated. In Russia, it is traditional to eat caviar on Lazarus Saturday.

 

Lazarus is also commemorated on the liturgical calendar of the Orthodox Church on the fixed feast day of March 17, while the translation of his relics from Cyprus to Constantinople in the year 898 AD is observed on October 17.

 

 

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The Resurrection of Lazarus. Byzantine icon, late 14th — early 15th century, (From the Collection of G. Gamon-Gumun, Russian museum)

 

IMAGE SOURCE

 

 

***

 

Tomorrow's reading is the introduction to Paper 169 Last Teaching At Pella, in which we are told of his return to their remote camp, where one more week of intense teaching was delivered. And we are informed of the official charges being formulated against him by the Pharisees at Jerusalem.

 

Overview of Paper 168. The Resurrection of Lazarus

 

1. At the Tomb of Lazarus

2. The Resurrection of Lazarus

3. Meeting of the Sanhedrin

4. The Answer to Prayer

5. What Became of Lazarus

 

This group of papers [121-196] was sponsored by a commission of twelve Urantia midwayers acting under the supervision of a Melchizedek revelatory director. The basis of this narrative was supplied by a secondary midwayer who was onetime assigned to the superhuman watchcare of the Apostle Andrew.

 

Listen to Paper 168 (click the speaker icon at the top of the page)

 

Thanks for reading. Members' thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited.

 

Much love, Rick/OPAD host.





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