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PAPER 96 - YAHWEH--GOD OF THE HEBREWS

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#1 Rick Warren

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Posted 18 June 2012 - 03:07 AM



Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 96 - YAHWEH--GOD OF THE HEBREWS


[Introduction]



P.1052 - §1 In conceiving of Deity, man first includes all gods, then subordinates all foreign gods to his tribal deity, and finally excludes all but the one God of final and supreme value. The Jews synthesized all gods into their more sublime concept of the Lord God of Israel. The Hindus likewise combined their multifarious deities into the "one spirituality of the gods" portrayed in the Rig-Veda, while the Mesopotamians reduced their gods to the more centralized concept of Bel-Marduk. These ideas of monotheism matured all over the world not long after the appearance of Machiventa Melchizedek at Salem in Palestine. But the Melchizedek concept of Deity was unlike that of the evolutionary philosophy of inclusion, subordination, and exclusion; it was based exclusively on creative power and very soon influenced the highest deity concepts of Mesopotamia, India, and Egypt.


P.1052 - §2 The Salem religion was revered as a tradition by the Kenites and several other Canaanite tribes. And this was one of the purposes of Melchizedek's incarnation: That a religion of one God should be so fostered as to prepare the way for the earth bestowal of a Son of that one God. Michael could hardly come to Urantia until there existed a people believing in the Universal Father among whom he could appear.

P.1052 - §3 The Salem religion persisted among the Kenites in Palestine as their creed, and this religion as it was later adopted by the Hebrews was influenced, first, by Egyptian moral teachings; later, by Babylonian theologic thought; and lastly, by Iranian conceptions of good and evil. Factually the Hebrew religion is predicated upon the covenant between Abraham and Machiventa Melchizedek, evolutionally it is the outgrowth of many unique situational circumstances, but culturally it has borrowed freely from the religion, morality, and philosophy of the entire Levant. It is through the Hebrew religion that much of the morality and religious thought of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Iran was transmitted to the Occidental peoples.





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[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]


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#2 Rick Warren

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Posted 18 June 2012 - 05:19 AM

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Greetings Fellow Students, Forum Members and Guests!

And welcome to the opening page of Paper 96, the fifth in a block of 15 Papers all "presented" by a Melchizedek. These 15 Papers begin with a description of the nature and history of evolved religion and its multiple fearsome gods, then takes the reader thru Machaventa's 94 year incarnation (41 centuries ago) in which he reveals our true God of righteous love, and on into the very deep, deep waters of universal cosmological understanding, even to the transcendent realities of the inner workings of the Trinity-driven generators of ultimate and absolute REALITY.

The 15 are:

092. The Later Evolution of Religion . Melchizedek
093. Machiventa Melchizedek . Melchizedek
094. The Melchizedek Teachings in the Orient . Melchizedek
095. The Melchizedek Teachings in the Levant . Melchizedek
096. Yahweh — God of the Hebrews . Melchizedek
097. Evolution of the God Concept among the Hebrews . Melchizedek
098. The Melchizedek Teachings in the Occident . Melchizedek
099. The Social Problems of Religion . Melchizedek
100. Religion in Human Experience . Melchizedek
101. The Real Nature of Religion . Melchizedek
102. The Foundations of Religious Faith . Melchizedek
103. The Reality of Religious Experience . Melchizedek
104. Growth of the Trinity Concept . Melchizedek
105. Deity and Reality . Melchizedek
106. Universe Levels of Reality . Melchizedek



In the introduction to Paper 96 Melchizedek roughly summarizes what has been revealed so far in Papers 92-95. There are two italicized words in this introduction: creative power, which Mel uses to make a distinction between gods of evolutionary understanding and the One God of pure revelation. Apparently evolutionary religion is in fact the entirely necessary ground preparation on which to establish the enduring foundations of revealed religion.

Overview of Paper 96 Yahweh — God of the Hebrews


1. Deity Concepts among the Semites
2. The Semitic Peoples
3. The Matchless Moses
4. The Proclamation of Yahweh
5. The Teachings of Moses

6. The God Concept after Moses’ Death
7. Psalms and the Book of Job


[Presented by a Melchizedek of Nebadon.]

Synopsis of Paper 96:

The early Semites had varying ideas of God, even during the same period. They worshipped Yahweh, El Elyon, El Shaddai, El, and Elohim; they believed in nature gods and other subordinate spirits.

Moses initiated the Hebrew belief in monotheism. Moses' mother was a member of the Egyptian royal family, and his father was a Semite liaison between the Egyptian government and the Hebrew slaves. Moses tried to negotiate for Hebrew freedom, but the agreement was later repudiated by the Pharaoh. A year later, while the Egyptian armies were busy elsewhere, Moses led his followers out of Egypt in a spectacular escape.


Moses comprehended Egyptian philosophy. He had been educated as a child about El Shaddai, and through his father‑in‑law he learned of El Elyon. The slaves he led knew little about such things but had retained a vague memory of Yahweh, the god of Mount Horeb (Sinai). During their extended encampment at the base of Mount Horeb, Moses wisely adjusted his teachings of the One God, attributing all the qualities of the Creator to Yahweh, the familiar god of his ignorant people.


It is unlikely that Moses' advanced monotheistic teachings would have held the attention of the ex‑captives if it had not been for the fortuitous eruption of the Horeb volcano during the third week they camped there. Moses used the occurrence to convince his people that their God was mighty and all‑powerful, above all other gods, who had singled out the Hebrews as his chosen people. The Hebrew concept of a jealous God first sprang from this event.


Moses was the most important spiritual teacher between Melchizedek and Jesus. He was an extraordinary combination of military leader, social organizer, and religious teacher. After his death, progress in the understanding of Yahweh rapidly deteriorated among the Hebrews. Leaders of Israel continued to believe, but the common people drifted backward in their beliefs, becoming contaminated with the less advanced Canaanite religious practices.


The Book of Psalms records various concepts of God from the times of Amenemope to Isaiah, from the crude idea of tribal deity to the expanded ideal of a loving and merciful Father. The Book of Job is derived from over twenty Mesopotamians who lived over a period of three hundred years. The idea of God during those centuries was best preserved near Ur in Chaldea. In Palestine, the wisdom of God was understood, but his love and mercy were not. Only those from Ur continued to preach about the mercy of God and salvation by faith.



Source: http://urantiabook.o...s/a_soe_96.html


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In tomorrow's reading Melchizedek begins this Paper with an enumeration of the: DEITY CONCEPTS AMONG THE SEMITES from rank pantheism to volcano worship, on to the lower planes of monotheism.


Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

***


Previous OPAD Presentations and Discussions:

Pages 1-17 ~
The Foreword
Paper 1 ~ The Universal Father
Paper 2 ~ The Nature of God
Paper 3 ~ The Attributes of God
Paper 4 ~ God's Relation To The Universe
Paper 5 ~ God's Relation To The Individual
Paper 6 ~ The Eternal Son
Paper 7 ~ Relation of the Eternal Son to the Universe
Paper 8 ~ The Infinite Spirit
Paper 9 ~ Relation of the Infinite Spirit to the Universe
Paper 10 ~ The Paradise Trinity
Paper 11 ~ The Eternal Isle of Paradise
Paper 12 ~ The Universes of Universes
Paper 13 ~ The Sacred Spheres of Paradise
Paper 14 ~ The Central and Divine Universe
Paper 15 ~ The Seven Superuniverses
Paper 16 ~ The Seven Master Spirits
Paper 17 ~ The Seven Supreme Spirit Groups
Paper 18 ~ The Supreme Trinity Personalities
Paper 19 ~ The Co-Ordinate Trinity-Origin Beings
Paper 20 ~ The Paradise Sons of God
Paper 21 ~ The Paradise Creator Sons
Paper 22 ~ The Trinitized Sons of God
Paper 23 ~ The Solitary Messengers
Paper 24 ~ Higher Personalities of The Infinite Spirit
Paper 25 ~ The Messenger Hosts of Space
Paper 26 ~ Ministering Spirits of the Central Universe
Paper 27 ~ Ministry of the Primary Supernaphim
Paper 28 ~ Ministering Spirits of the Superuniverses
Paper 30 ~ Personalities of the Grand Universe
Paper 31 ~ The Corps Of The Finality
Paper 32 ~ The Evolution of Local Universes
Paper 33 ~ Administration Of The Local Universe
Paper 34 ~ The Local Universe Mother Spirit
Paper 35 ~ The Local Universe Sons of God
Paper 36 ~ The Life Carriers
Paper 37 ~ Personalities Of The Local Universe
Paper 38 ~ Ministering Spirits of the Local Universe
Paper 39 ~ The Seraphic Hosts
Paper 40 ~ The Ascending Sons of God
Paper 41 ~ Physical Aspects of the Local Universe
Paper 42 ~ Energy--Mind and Matter
Paper 43 ~ The Constellation Headquarters
Paper 44 ~ The Celestial Artisans
Paper 45 ~ The Local System Administration
Paper 46 ~ The Local System Headquarters
Paper 47 ~ The Seven Mansion Worlds
Paper 48 ~ The Morontia Life
Paper 49 ~ The Inhabited Worlds
Paper 50 ~ The Planetary Princes
Paper 51 ~ The Planetary Adams
Paper 52 ~ Planetary Mortal Epochs
Paper 53 ~ The Lucifer Rebellion
Paper 54 ~ Problems Of The Lucifer Rebellion
Paper 55 ~ The Spheres Of Light And Life
Paper 56 ~ Universal Unity
Paper 57 ~ The Origin Of Urantia
Paper 58 ~ Life Establishment On Urantia
Paper 59 ~ The Marine-Life Era On Urantia
Paper 60 ~ Urantia During The Early Land-Life Era
Paper 61 ~ The Mammalian Era On Urantia
Paper 62 ~ The Dawn Races Of Early Man
Paper 63 ~ The First Human Family
Paper 64 ~ The Evolutionary Races Of Color
Paper 65 ~ The Overcontrol Of Evolution
Paper 66 ~ The Planetary Prince Of Urantia
Paper 67 ~ The Planetary Rebellion
Paper 68 ~ The Dawn Of Civilization
Paper 69 ~ Primitive Human Institutions
Paper 70 ~ The Evolution Of Human Government
Paper 71 ~ Development Of The State
Paper 72 ~ Government On A Neighboring Planet
Paper 73 ~ The Garden Of Eden
Paper 74 ~ Adam And Eve
Paper 75 ~ The Default Of Adam And Eve
Paper 76 ~ The Second Garden
Paper 77 ~ The Midway Creatures
Paper 78 ~ The Violet Race After The Days Of Adam
Paper 79 ~ Andite Expansion In The Orient
Paper 80 ~ Andite Expansion In The Occident

Paper 81 ~ Development Of Modern Civilization
Paper 82 ~ The Evolution Of Marriage

Paper 83 ~ The Marriage Institution
Paper 84 ~ Marriage And Family Life

Paper 85 ~ The Origins of Worship

Paper 86 ~ Early Evolution Of Religion
Paper 87 ~ The Ghost Cults
Paper 88 ~ Fetishes, Charms and Magic

Paper 89 ~ Sin, Sacrifice And Atonement
Paper 90 ~ Shamanism--Medicine Men And Priests
Paper 91 ~ The Evolution Of Prayer
Paper 92 ~ The Later Evolution Of Religion
Paper 93 ~ Machiventa Melchizedek
Paper 94 ~ Melchizedek Teachings In The Orient
Paper 95 ~ Melchizedek Teachings In The Levant
Paper 96 ~ Yahweh--God Of The Hebrews


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#3 Rick Warren

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Posted 19 June 2012 - 03:50 AM



Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 96 - YAHWEH--GOD OF THE HEBREWS



1. DEITY CONCEPTS AMONG THE SEMITES


[Part 1 of 2]



P.1052 - §4 The early Semites regarded everything as being indwelt by a spirit. There were spirits of the animal and vegetable worlds; annual spirits, the lord of progeny; spirits of fire, water, and air; a veritable pantheon of spirits to be feared and worshiped. And the teaching of Melchizedek regarding a Universal Creator never fully destroyed the belief in these subordinate spirits or nature gods.

P.1052 - §5 The progress of the Hebrews from polytheism through henotheism to monotheism was not an unbroken and continuous conceptual development. They experienced many retrogressions in the evolution of their Deity concepts, while during any one epoch there existed varying ideas of God among different groups of Semite believers. From time to time numerous terms were applied to their concepts of God, and in order to prevent confusion these various Deity titles will be defined as they pertain to the evolution of Jewish theology:

1. Yahweh was the god of the southern Palestinian tribes, who associated this concept of deity with Mount Horeb, the Sinai volcano. Yahweh was merely one of the hundreds and thousands of nature gods which held the attention and claimed the worship of the Semitic tribes and peoples.

2. El Elyon. For centuries after Melchizedek's sojourn at Salem his doctrine of Deity persisted in various versions but was generally connoted by the term El Elyon, the Most High God of heaven. Many Semites, including the immediate descendants of Abraham, at various times worshiped both Yahweh and El Elyon.

3. El Shaddai. It is difficult to explain what El Shaddai stood for. This idea of God was a composite derived from the teachings of Amenemope's Book of Wisdom modified by Ikhnaton's doctrine of Aton and further influenced by Melchizedek's teachings embodied in the concept of El Elyon. But as the concept of El Shaddai permeated the Hebrew mind, it became thoroughly colored with the Yahweh beliefs of the desert.


P.1053 - §4 One of the dominant ideas of the religion of this era was the Egyptian concept of divine Providence, the teaching that material prosperity was a reward for serving El Shaddai.

4. El. Amid all this confusion of terminology and haziness of concept, many devout believers sincerely endeavored to worship all of these evolving ideas of divinity, and there grew up the practice of referring to this composite Deity as El. And this term included still other of the Bedouin nature gods.

5. Elohim. In Kish and Ur there long persisted Sumerian-Chaldean groups who taught a three-in-one God concept founded on the traditions of the days of Adam and Melchizedek. This doctrine was carried to Egypt, where this Trinity was worshiped under the name of Elohim, or in the singular as Eloah. The philosophic circles of Egypt and later Alexandrian teachers of Hebraic extraction taught this unity of pluralistic Gods, and many of Moses' advisers at the time of the exodus believed in this Trinity. But the concept of the trinitarian Elohim never became a real part of Hebrew theology until after they had come under the political influence of the Babylonians.





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[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]


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#4 Rick Warren

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Posted 19 June 2012 - 06:31 AM

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Greetings Fellow Students, Forum Members and Visitors,

Without science to explain lightening, earthquakes, disease and death, Deity concepts are necessarily distorted, fanciful and grossly erroneous, eh? One has to feel sorry for people without the knowledge and wisdom to create a worthy concept of the God who created them. In a void of knowledge and reason people always fill it with myths based in human experiences and coincidences. So revelation is required if humans are to have anything resembling the truth of the existence and over-control of God, a Universal Father of all.

Machiventa brought revelation to Urantia and it eventually took root in Asia, north Africa and later in Europe. The Semitic peoples took Machiventa's teachings and created one God--with many names that are enumerated in today's reading. But even revelation needs science for balance and perspective. The Semite concepts, in spite of revelation, were still lacking that personal aspect Jesus brought.

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Henotheism is not a well known word. From Wikipedia:

Henotheism (Greek for "one god") is the belief and worship of a single god while accepting the existence or possible existence of other deities that may also be worshipped. The term was originally coined by Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (1775–1854) to depict early stages of monotheism, however Max Müller (1823–1900), a German philologist and orientalist, brought the term into common usage.[1] Müller made the term central to his criticism of Western theological and religious exceptionalism (relative to Eastern religions), focusing on a cultural dogma which held "monotheism" to be both fundamentally well-defined and inherently superior to differing conceptions of God.


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia....wiki/Henotheism

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More about Yahweh from the historical point of view:

...Yahweh, often rendered Jehovah or the LORD (in small capitals), is the god of Israel in the Hebrew Bible. Yahweh is a modern scholarly vocalization of the name as it appears in Hebrew, where it is written without vowels as יהוה (YHWH), called the Tetragrammaton.

Yahweh was not a Canaanite god, and modern scholars see him originating in Edom, the region south of Judah.[1][2] The goddess Asherah may have been Yahweh's consort in the earliest period, but this is not certain. Originally the main god of the Iron Age kingdoms of Israel and Judah, worship of Yahweh alone (monotheism) became entrenched in Judaism in the exilic and Persian periods.[3]

The Bible describes Yahweh as the god who delivered Israel from Egypt and gave the Ten Commandments[4] and says that Yahweh revealed himself to Israel as the LORD who would not permit his people to make idols or worship other gods[5] "I am Yahweh, that is My name; I will not give My glory to another, or My praise to idols."[6]


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yahweh

Yahweh in the Bible's Old Testament:

In Exodus 3:13–15 God, asked by Moses for his name, replies "I Am That I Am", followed by "I Am", and finally "YHWH": "I AM THAT I AM [...] Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. [...] YHWH, God of your fathers, [...] this is My name for ever"[Exod. 3:14–15]


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yahweh

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More about El Elyon, who became closely associated with Machiventa's incarnation:

...The compound name Ēl ʿElyōn 'God on High' occurs in Genesis 14.18–19 as the God whose priest was Melchizedek king of Salem. The form appears again almost immediately in verse 22, used by Abraham in an oath to the King of Sodom. In this verse the name of God also occurs in apposition to Ēl ʿElyōn in the Masoretic text but is absent in the Samaritan version, in the Septuagint translation, and in Symmachus.


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Elyon

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More on El Shaddai:

...El Shaddai is one of the Judaic names of God, with its etymology coming from the influence of the Ugaritic religion on modern Judaism. El Shaddai is conventionally translated as God Almighty. While the translation of El as "god" in Ugarit/Canaanite language is straightforward, the literal meaning of Shaddai is the subject of debate.

...The term may mean "God of the mountains," referring to the Mesopotamian divine mountain.[1] The term was one of the patriarchal names for the tribal god of the Mesopotamians.[1] In Exodus 6:3, El Shaddai is identified explicitly with the God of Abraham and with YHWH.[1] The term appears chiefly in the Torah. This could also refer to the Israelite camp's stay at Mount Sinai where God gave Moses the Ten Commandments.

Shaddai was a late Bronze Age Amorite city on the banks of the Euphrates river, in northern Syria. The site of its ruin-mound is called Tel eth-Thadyen: "Thadyen" being the modern Arabic rendering of the original West Semitic "Shaddai." It has been conjectured that El Shaddai was therefore the "God of Shaddai" and associated in tradition with Abraham, and the inclusion of the Abrahamic stories into the Hebrew Bible may have brought the northern name with them (see Documentary hypothesis).



Source/more: http://en.wikipedia....wiki/El_Shaddai


El Shaddai in the Bible:

Genesis 17:1 When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD ...

... When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD appeared to him and said, "I am
El-Shaddai--'God Almighty.' Serve me faithfully and live a blameless life. ...
//bible.cc/genesis/17-1.htm - 16k

Exodus 6:3 I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob as God ... ... I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob as El-Shaddai--'God
Almighty'--but I did not reveal my name, Yahweh, to them. ...
//bible.cc/exodus/6-3.htm - 16k

Genesis 35:11 And God said to him, "I am God Almighty; be fruitful ... ... Then God said, "I am El-Shaddai--'God Almighty.' Be fruitful and multiply.
You will become a great nation, even many nations. Kings ...
//bible.cc/genesis/35-11.htm - 16k


Source: http://biblez.com/se...hp?q=el+shaddai


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About El:

ʾĒl is a Northwest Semitic word meaning "deity"...In the Canaanite religion, or Levantine religion as a whole, Ēl or Il was the supreme god, the father of humankind and all creatures and the husband of the goddess Asherah as recorded in the clay tablets of Ugarit.

The noun ʾēl was found at the top of a list of gods as the Ancient of gods or the Father of all gods, in the ruins of the royal archive of the Ebla civilization, in the archaeological site of Tell Mardikh in Syria dated to 2300 BC. The bull was symbolic to Ēl and his son Ba'al Hadad, and they both wore bull horns on their headdress. He may have been a desert god at some point, as the myths say that he had two wives and built a sanctuary with them and his new children in the desert. Ēl had fathered many gods, but most important were Hadad, Yam, and Mot.

...For the Canaanites, Ēl or Il was the supreme god, the father of mankind and all creatures.[14] He may have been a desert god at some point, as the myths say that he had two wives and built a sanctuary with them and his new children in the desert. El had fathered many gods, but most important were Hadad, Yam, and Mot, each share similar attributes to the Greco-Roman gods: Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades respectively.


Posted Image
Ēl depicted with two lions on the back of the handle of the Gebel el-Arak Knife[dubiousdiscuss][1]

Source/more: http://en.wikipedia....ki/El_%28god%29

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About Elohim/Eloah:

...Elohim is a grammatically singular or plural noun for "god" or "gods" in both modern and ancient Hebrew language.

...It is generally thought that Elohim is a formation from eloah, the latter being an expanded form of the Northwest Semitic noun il. It is usually translated as "God" in the Hebrew Bible, referring with singular verbs both to the one God of Israel, and also in a few examples to other singular pagan deities.

...Elohim occurs frequently throughout the received text of the Torah. In some cases (e.g. Exodus 3:4, "... Elohim called unto him out of the midst of the bush ..."), it acts as a singular noun in Hebrew grammar, and is then generally understood to denote the single God of Israel. In other cases, Elohim acts as an ordinary plural of the word Eloah, and refers to the polytheistic notion of multiple gods (for example, Exodus 20:3, "Thou shalt have no other gods before me.").



Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elohim


There are almost 40 verses in the Old Testament using the name Elohim, but usually paired with Jehovah:

2 Chronicles 6:41 "Now arise, O LORD God, and come to your resting ... ... And now, arise, Jehovah Elohim, into thy resting-place, thou and the ark of thy
strength: let thy priests, Jehovah Elohim, be clothed with salvation, and let ...
//bible.cc/2_chronicles/6-41.htm - 17k

Genesis 3:8 Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the LORD ... ... And they heard the voice of Jehovah Elohim, walking in the garden in the
cool of the day. And Man and his wife hid themselves from ...
//bible.cc/genesis/3-8.htm - 16k

Genesis 3:1 Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild ... ... And the serpent was more crafty than any animal of the field which Jehovah
Elohim had made. And it said to the woman, Is it even ...
//bible.cc/genesis/3-1.htm - 16k

Jonah 4:6 Then the LORD God provided a vine and made it grow up ... ... And Jehovah Elohim prepared a gourd, and made it to come up over Jonah, that it
might be a shade over his head, to deliver him from his trouble. ...
//bible.cc/jonah/4-6.htm - 16k

Nehemiah 9:7 "You are the LORD God, who chose Abram and brought ... ... Thou art the Same, Jehovah Elohim, who didst choose Abram and broughtest him forth
out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of Abraham ...
//bible.cc/nehemiah/9-7.htm - 15k

Genesis 2:4 This is the account of the heavens and the earth when ... ... These are the histories of the heavens and the earth, when they were created,
in the day that Jehovah Elohim made earth and heavens ...
//bible.cc/genesis/2-4.htm - 15k

Genesis 3:23 So the LORD God banished him from the Garden of Eden ... ... Therefore Jehovah Elohim sent him forth from the garden of Eden,
to till the ground from which he was taken. ...



Source/more: http://biblez.com/search.php?q=elohim

***

In tomorrow's reading, part 2 of DEITY CONCEPTS AMONG THE SEMITES Melchizedek tells of the eventual supremacy of the one-time tribal god of bronze/iron age Jews--Yahweh.

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

Much love, Rick/OPAD host

Overview of Paper 96 Yahweh — God of the Hebrews


1. Deity Concepts among the Semites
2. The Semitic Peoples
3. The Matchless Moses
4. The Proclamation of Yahweh
5. The Teachings of Moses

6. The God Concept after Moses’ Death
7. Psalms and the Book of Job


[Presented by a Melchizedek of Nebadon.]


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#5 Rick Warren

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Posted 20 June 2012 - 03:27 AM



Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 96 - YAHWEH--GOD OF THE HEBREWS



1. DEITY CONCEPTS AMONG THE SEMITES


[Part 2 of 2]



6. Sundry names. The Semites disliked to speak the name of their Deity, and they therefore resorted to numerous appellations from time to time, such as: The Spirit of God, The Lord, The Angel of the Lord, The Almighty, The Holy One, The Most High, Adonai, The Ancient of Days, The Lord God of Israel, The Creator of Heaven and Earth, Kyrios, Jah, The Lord of Hosts, and The Father in Heaven.


P.1053 - §8 Jehovah is a term which in recent times has been employed to designate the completed concept of Yahweh which finally evolved in the long Hebrew experience. But the name Jehovah did not come into use until fifteen hundred years after the times of Jesus.


P.1054 - §1 Up to about 2000 B.C., Mount Sinai was intermittently active as a volcano, occasional eruptions occurring as late as the time of the sojourn of the Israelites in this region. The fire and smoke, together with the thunderous detonations associated with the eruptions of this volcanic mountain, all impressed and awed the Bedouins of the surrounding regions and caused them greatly to fear Yahweh. This spirit of Mount Horeb later became the god of the Hebrew Semites, and they eventually believed him to be supreme over all other gods.

P.1054 - §2 The Canaanites had long revered Yahweh, and although many of the Kenites believed more or less in El Elyon, the supergod of the Salem religion, a majority of the Canaanites held loosely to the worship of the old tribal deities. They were hardly willing to abandon their national deities in favor of an international, not to say an interplanetary, God. They were not universal-deity minded, and therefore these tribes continued to worship their tribal deities, including Yahweh and the silver and golden calves which symbolized the Bedouin herders' concept of the spirit of the Sinai volcano.

P.1054 - §3 The Syrians, while worshiping their gods, also believed in Yahweh of the Hebrews, for their prophets said to the Syrian king: "Their gods are gods of the hills; therefore they were stronger than we; but let us fight against them on the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they."

P.1054 - §4 As man advances in culture, the lesser gods are subordinated to a supreme deity; the great Jove persists only as an exclamation. The monotheists keep their subordinate gods as spirits, demons, fates, Nereids, fairies, brownies, dwarfs, banshees, and the evil eye. The Hebrews passed through henotheism and long believed in the existence of gods other than Yahweh, but they increasingly held that these foreign deities were subordinate to Yahweh. They conceded the actuality of Chemosh, god of the Amorites, but maintained that he was subordinate to Yahweh.

P.1054 - §5 The idea of Yahweh has undergone the most extensive development of all the mortal theories of God. Its progressive evolution can only be compared with the metamorphosis of the Buddha concept in Asia, which in the end led to the concept of the Universal Absolute even as the Yahweh concept finally led to the idea of the Universal Father. But as a matter of historic fact, it should be understood that, while the Jews thus changed their views of Deity from the tribal god of Mount Horeb to the loving and merciful Creator Father of later times, they did not change his name; they continued all the way along to call this evolving concept of Deity, Yahweh.




***





[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]


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#6 Rick Warren

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Posted 20 June 2012 - 06:58 AM

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Greetings Fellow Students, Forum Members and Visitors,

So, the Semites thought they would avoid saying the name of God by giving him names they would say :). Quite the inventive list, even if some on it are much lower on the scale of divinity than The Universal Father, like an Angel. And of course the Most Highs are our Edentia Fathers:


...The Spirit of God, The Lord, The Angel of the Lord, The Almighty, The Holy One, The Most High, Adonai, The Ancient of Days, The Lord God of Israel, The Creator of Heaven and Earth, Kyrios, Jah, The Lord of Hosts, and The Father in Heaven.... P.1053 - 7


Most are well known to those of us born under Judeo-Christian influence, except perhaps Kyrios, Jah and Adonai (or Adonis, a paragon of physical beauty to the ancient Greeks).

About Adonai:

...Jews also call God Adonai, Hebrew for "Lord"...This was used by the Phoenicians for the god Tammuz and is the origin of the Greek name Adonis....Since pronouncing YHWH is avoided out of reverence for the holiness of the name, Jews use Adonai instead in prayers.


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adonaist

...Hebrew tradition makes Adon "lord" or Adonai "my lord" an epithet of the God of Israel, depicted as the chief antagonist of "the Ba`als" in the Tanakh. The epithet came to be used as an euphemism to avoid invoking the deity's proper name, Yahweh.

Adonis is a "Semitic divine title equipped with a Greek ending" derived from adon; by the time of Sappho, a cult worshiping Adonis had emerged in Ancient Greece.[1]


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adon

Posted Image
A 19th-century reproduction of a Greek bronze of Adonis found at Pompeii.

Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adonis

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About Kyrios:

...The Greek word Kyrios (κύριος) means "lord, Lord, master". In religious usage it is used as a designation of God. It is used in both the Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Bible and the Greek New Testament.[1][2]

Kyrios appears about 740 times in the New Testament, usually referring to Jesus. The use of kyrios in the New Testament has been the subject of debate among modern scholars, and three schools of thought exist on that topic. The first is that based on the Septuagint usage, the designation is intended to assign to Jesus the Old Testament attributes of God. The reasoning here being, that at the time the Septuagint was written, when reading out loud, Jews pronounced Adonai, the Hebrew word for "Lord", when they encountered the name of God, "YHWH", which was thus translated into Greek in each instance as kyrios. And the early Christians, the majority of whom were speakers of Greek, would have been deeply familiar with the Septuagint. The second is that as the early Church expanded, Hellenistic influences resulted in the use of the term. The third is that it is a translation of the Aramaic title Mari applied to Jesus.[3]


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyrios

About Jah (now very often associated with the Rasta believers of Jamaica):

...Jah is the shortened form of the divine name YHWH (also spelled Jehovah or Yahweh), an anglicized version of the Tetragrammaton (YHWH, Latin JHVH). The name is most commonly associated with the Rastafari movement or within the word hallelujah, although Christian groups may use the name to varying degrees. For example, Jehovah's Witnesses use a form of the name in over 400 languages.[1] The name is used in some English Bible translations which reconstruct the Tetragrammaton; other versions sometimes use the academic Hebrew reconstruction "Yah".


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jah

Jah in the Old Testament of the Bible:

Psalm 68:4 Sing to God, sing praise to his name, extol him who ...

... Sing unto God, sing praises to his name: extol him that rideth upon
the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice before him. ...
//bible.cc/psalms/68-4.htm - 16k


Isaiah 38:11 I said, "I will not again see the LORD, the LORD, in ...

... I said, I shall not see Jah, Jah in the land of the living. With those
who dwell ... I said, I do not see Jah -- Jah! In the land of ...
//bible.cc/isaiah/38-11.htm - 16k


Psalm 118:5 In my anguish I cried to the LORD, and he answered by ...

... I called upon Jah in distress; Jah answered me and set me in a large place. ... From the straitness I called Jah, Jah answered me in a broad place. ...
//bible.cc/psalms/118-5.htm - 15k


Psalm 89:8 O LORD God Almighty, who is like you? You are mighty, O ...

... O Lord God of armies, who is strong like you, O Jah? ... Jehovah, God of hosts, who is like unto thee, the strong Jah? And thy faithfulness is round about thee. ...
//bible.cc/psalms/89-8.htm - 15k


Isaiah 26:4 Trust in the LORD forever, for the LORD, the LORD, is ...

... Let your hope be in the Lord for ever: for the Lord Jah is an unchanging Rock. ... Confide ye in Jehovah for ever; for in Jah, Jehovah, is the rock of ages. ...
//bible.cc/isaiah/26-4.htm - 15k


Isaiah 12:2 Surely God is my salvation; I will trust and not be ...

... See, God is my salvation; I will have faith in the Lord, without fear: for the Lord
Jah is my strength and song; and he has become my salvation. ...
//bible.cc/isaiah/12-2.htm - 16k


Psalm 150:6 Let everything that has breath praise the LORD. Praise ...

... Let everything that hath breath praise Jah. Hallelujah! ... All that
doth breathe doth praise Jah! Praise ye Jah! ...
//bible.cc/psalms/150-6.htm - 15k


Psalm 135:3 Praise the LORD, for the LORD is good; sing praise to ...

... Give praise to Jah, for he is good: make melody to his name, for it is
pleasing. ... Praise ye Jah! for Jehovah is good, Sing praise ...
//bible.cc/psalms/135-3.htm - 15k


Psalm 118:18 The LORD has chastened me severely, but he has not ...

... The hand of Jah has been hard on me; but he has not given me up to death. ... Jah hath chastened me sore; but he hath not given me over unto death. ...
//bible.cc/psalms/118-18.htm - 15k


Psalm 94:12 Blessed is the man you discipline, O LORD, the man you ...

... Happy is the man who is guided by you, O Jah, and to whom you give teaching out of your law ...
//bible.cc/psalms/94-12.htm - 15k


Psalm 77:11 I will remember the deeds of the LORD; yes, I will ...

... I will keep in mind the works of Jah: I will keep the memory of your wonders in the past. ...
//bible.cc/psalms/77-11.htm - 15k


Psalm 115:18 it is we who extol the LORD, both now and forevermore ...

... But we will bless Jah from this time forth and for evermore. Hallelujah! ... And we, we bless Jah, From henceforth, and unto the age. Praise ye Jah! ...
//bible.cc/psalms/115-18.htm - 15k


Song of Solomon 8:6 Place me like a seal over your heart, like a ...

... a seal upon thy heart, As a seal upon thine arm: For love is strong as death; Jealousy is cruel as Sheol: The flashes thereof are flashes of fire, Flames of Jah ...
//bible.cc/songs/8-6.htm - 16k


Exodus 15:2 The LORD is my strength and my song; he has become my ...

... My strength and song is Jah, and he is become my salvation: This is my God,
and I will glorify him; My father's God, and I will extol him. ...
//bible.cc/exodus/15-2.htm - 16k


Exodus 17:16 He said, "For hands were lifted up to the throne of ...

... And he said, For the hand is on the throne of Jah; Jehovah will
have war with Amalek from generation to generation! ...
//bible.cc/exodus/17-16.htm - 15k


Source: http://biblez.com/search.php?q=Jah

***

About Jehovah (today the word is often associated with the "Jehovah's Witness" Christian sect):

...Jehovah is the romanization of Hebrew, a vocalization of the Tetragrammaton (YHWH, also transcribed Yahweh), the proper name of the god of Israel in the Hebrew Bible.[1]...The earliest available Latin text to use a vocalization similar to Jehovah dates from the 13th century.[3]


The name Jehovah is used hundreds of times in the King James version of the Bible's Old Testament. For example:

Exodus 6:3 "And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them."

Genesis 22:14 "And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the Lord it shall be seen."

Isaiah 12:2 "Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the Lord JEHOVAH is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation."

Isaiah 26:4 "Trust ye in the Lord for ever: for in the Lord JEHOVAH is everlasting strength."

Psalms 83:18 "That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth."


***

Historians are confused about whether Mt. Sinai and Horeb are the same mountain:

...Mount Horeb is the mountain at which the book of Deuteronomy in the Hebrew Bible states that the Ten Commandments were given to Moses by God. It is described in two places (Exodus 3:1, 1 Kings 19:8) as the Mountain of God or perhaps Mountain of the gods.[citation needed] The mountain is also called the Mountain of Yhwh.[1]

In other biblical passages, these events are described as having transpired at Mount Sinai, but though Sinai and Horeb are often considered to have been different names for the same place, there is a body of opinion that they may have been different locations.[1]



Source/more: http://en.wikipedia....iki/Mount_Horeb

...Mount Sinai, lit. "Moses' Mountain" or "Mount Moses", also known as Mount Horeb, is a mountain in the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt that is the traditional and most accepted identification of the Biblical Mount Sinai. The latter is mentioned many times in the Book of Exodus in the Torah, the Bible[1], and the Quran.[2] According to Jewish, Christian and Islamic tradition, the biblical Mount Sinai was the place where Moses received the Ten Commandments.

Posted Image
Summit of Mount Sinai

Posted Image

Sinai Peninsula, showing location of Mount Sinai

Source/more: http://en.wikipedia....iki/Mount_Sinai

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The word "Kenite" was first used in Paper 93:3:


...But to some, Melchizedek taught advanced truth, embracing the conduct and organization of the local universe, while to his brilliant disciple Nordan the Kenite and his band of earnest students he taught the truths of the superuniverse and even of Havona.... P.1016 - 6



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There is much more ahead about the development of Yahweh from tribal god to the God of all. In tomorrow's reading, Section 2, THE SEMITIC PEOPLES Melchizedek reveals the origins of the Hebrew peoples and tells more about their ever evolving conceptualization of God, which Jesus was later to build upon.


Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

Much love, Rick/OPAD host



Overview of Paper 96 Yahweh — God of the Hebrews

1. Deity Concepts among the Semites
2. The Semitic Peoples
3. The Matchless Moses
4. The Proclamation of Yahweh
5. The Teachings of Moses

6. The God Concept after Moses’ Death
7. Psalms and the Book of Job


[Presented by a Melchizedek of Nebadon.]


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***

#7 Rick Warren

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Posted 20 June 2012 - 07:03 AM

[Additional notes on today's reading]

About 'golden calves':

...According to the Hebrew Bible, the golden calf was an idol (a cult image) made by Aaron to satisfy the Israelites during Moses' absence, when he went up to Mount Sinai. The calf was intended to be a physical representation of the God of Israel, and therefore was doubly wrong for involving Israel in idolatry and for ascribing physicality to God.

...When Moses went up onto Mount Sinai to receive the Ten Commandments (Exodus 19:20), he left the Israelites for forty days and forty nights (Exodus 24:18). The Israelites feared that he would not return and asked Aaron to make for them an image of the God of Israel (Exodus 32:1).


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia....iki/Golden_calf

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This sentence in quotes appears verbatim in the Old Testament:


"...Their gods are gods of the hills; therefore they were stronger than we; but let us fight against them on the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they...." P.1054 - 3


1 Kings 20:23 "And the servants of the king of Syria said unto him, Their gods are gods of the hills; therefore they were stronger than we; but let us fight against them in the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they."


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About Jove:

...In ancient Roman religion and myth, Jupiter (Latin: Iuppiter) or Jove is the king of the gods and the god of sky and thunder. Jupiter was the chief deity of Roman state religion throughout the Republican and Imperial eras, until the Empire came under Christian rule. In Roman mythology, he negotiates with Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome, to establish principles of Roman religion such as sacrifice.


Posted Image

Jupiter (late 1st century AD), with 19th-century reconstructions of drapery, sceptre, eagle, and Victory

Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jove

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About the "Fates":

...In Greek mythology, the Moirai (Ancient Greek: Μοῖραι, "apportioners", Latinized as Moerae)—often known in English as The Fates—were the white-robed incarnations of destiny (Roman equivalent: Parcae, euphemistically the "sparing ones", or Fata; also equivalent to the Germanic Norns). Their number became fixed at three: Clotho (spinner), Lachesis (allotter) and Atropos (unturnable).

They controlled the metaphorical thread of life of every mortal from birth to death. They were independent, at the helm of necessity, directed fate, and watched that the fate assigned to every being by eternal laws might take its course without obstruction.


Posted Image
The three Moirai. Relief, grave of Alexander von der Mark by Johann Gottfried Schadow. Old National Gallery, Berlin

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About Nereids:

...In Greek mythology, the Nereids are sea nymphs (distinct from the mermaid-like Sirens), the fifty daughters of Nereus and Doris, sisters to Nerites. They often accompany Poseidon and can be friendly and helpful to sailors fighting perilous storms.

...Nereids are particularly associated with the Aegean Sea, where they dwelt with their father in the depths within a silvery cave. The most notable of them are Thetis, wife of Peleus and mother of Achilles; Amphitrite, wife of Poseidon; and Galatea, love of the Cyclops Polyphemus.



Posted Image
Nereid riding a sea-bull (latter 2nd century BC)

Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nereids

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About fairies:

...A fairy (also faery, faerie, fay, fae; euphemistically wee folk, good folk, people of peace, fair folk, etc.)[1] is a type of mythical being or legendary creature, a form of spirit, often described as metaphysical, supernatural or preternatural.

Fairies resemble various beings of other mythologies, though even folklore that uses the term fairy offers many definitions. Sometimes the term describes any magical creature, including goblins or gnomes: at other times, the term only describes a specific type of more ethereal creature.[2]



Posted Image
Fairies of the meadow, by Nils Blommér

Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairy

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About Brownies:

...A brownie/brounie or urisk (Lowland Scots) or brùnaidh, ùruisg, or gruagach (Scottish Gaelic) is a legendary creature popular in folklore around Scotland and England...

...In folklore, a brownie resembles the hob, similar to a hobgoblin. Brownies are said to inhabit houses and aid in tasks around the house. However, they do not like to be seen and will only work at night, traditionally in exchange for small gifts or food. Among food, they especially enjoy porridge and honey. They usually abandon the house if their gifts are called payments, or if the owners of the house misuse them. Brownies make their homes in an unused part of the house.



Source/more: http://en.wikipedia....ownie_%28elf%29


About banshees:

...The banshee, is a feminine spirit in Irish mythology, usually seen as an omen of death and a messenger from the Otherworld.

In legend, a banshee is a fairy woman who begins to wail if someone is about to die. In Scottish mythology the creature is called the bean sìth or bean-nighe and is seen washing the blood stained clothes or armour of those who are about to die. Alleged sightings of banshees have been reported as recently as 1948.



Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banshee

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About Chemosh and the Amorites:

...Chemosh was the god of the Moabites (Num. 21:29; Jer. 48:7, 13, 46). The etymology of "Chemosh" is unknown. He is also known from Ebla as Kamish.

...The name of the father of Mesha, Chemosh-melek ("Chemosh is Malik" or "Chemosh is king"; compare Moabite Stone, line 1), indicates the possibility that Chemosh and Malik (or Moloch) were one and the same deity. Judges xi. 24 has been thought by some to be a proof of this, since it speaks of Chemosh as the god of the Ammonites, while Moloch is elsewhere their god (compare I Kings xi. 7, 33). Several critics regard the statement in Judges as a mistake; but such an error was not unnatural. since both Chemosh and Moloch were developed, in different environments, from the same primitive divinity, and possessed many of the same epithets.

Solomon is said to have built a sanctuary to Chemosh on the Mount of Olives (I Kings xi. 7, 33), which was maintained till the reform of Josiah (II Kings xxiii. 13). This movement by Solomon was no doubt to some extent a political one, but it made the worship of Chemosh a part of the religious life of Israel for nearly 400 years.



Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemosh

In the Old Testament:

Numbers 21:29 "Woe to thee, Moab! thou art undone, O people of Chemosh: he hath given his sons that escaped, and his daughters, into captivity unto Sihon king of the Amorites."


From Wikipedia:

...Amorite refers to an ancient Semitic people[1] from ancient Syria who also occupied large parts of Mesopotamia from the 21st Century BC. The term Amurru in Akkadian and Sumerian texts refers to them, as well as to their principal deity.

...In the earliest Sumerian sources, beginning about 2400 BC, the land of the Amorites ("the Mar.tu land") is associated not with Mesopotamia but with lands immediately to the West, including what is now modern Syria and Canaan. They appear as nomadic people in the Mesopotamian sources, and they are especially connected with the mountainous region of Jebel Bishri in Syria called the "mountain of the Amorites".



Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amorite


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#8 Rick Warren

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Posted 21 June 2012 - 02:56 AM



Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 96 - YAHWEH--GOD OF THE HEBREWS



2. THE SEMITIC PEOPLES



P.1054 - §6 The Semites of the East were well-organized and well-led horsemen who invaded the eastern regions of the fertile crescent and there united with the Babylonians. The Chaldeans near Ur were among the most advanced of the eastern Semites. The Phoenicians were a superior and well-organized group of mixed Semites who held the western section of Palestine, along the Mediterranean coast. Racially the Semites were among the most blended of Urantia peoples, containing hereditary factors from almost all of the nine world races.

P.1054 - §7 Again and again the Arabian Semites fought their way into the northern Promised Land, the land that "flowed with milk and honey," but just as often were they ejected by the better-organized and more highly civilized northern Semites and Hittites. Later, during an unusually severe famine, these roving Bedouins entered Egypt in large numbers as contract laborers on the Egyptian public works, only to find themselves undergoing the bitter experience of enslavement at the hard daily toil of the common and downtrodden laborers of the Nile valley.

P.1055 - §1 It was only after the days of Machiventa Melchizedek and Abraham that certain tribes of Semites, because of their peculiar religious beliefs, were called the children of Israel and later on Hebrews, Jews, and the "chosen people." Abraham was not the racial father of all the Hebrews; he was not even the progenitor of all the Bedouin Semites who were held captive in Egypt. True, his offspring, coming up out of Egypt, did form the nucleus of the later Jewish people, but the vast majority of the men and women who became incorporated into the clans of Israel had never sojourned in Egypt. They were merely fellow nomads who chose to follow the leadership of Moses as the children of Abraham and their Semite associates from Egypt journeyed through northern Arabia.


P.1055 - §2 The Melchizedek teaching concerning El Elyon, the Most High, and the covenant of divine favor through faith, had been largely forgotten by the time of the Egyptian enslavement of the Semite peoples who were shortly to form the Hebrew nation. But throughout this period of captivity these Arabian nomads maintained a lingering traditional belief in Yahweh as their racial deity.

P.1055 - §3 Yahweh was worshiped by more than one hundred separate Arabian tribes, and except for the tinge of the El Elyon concept of Melchizedek which persisted among the more educated classes of Egypt, including the mixed Hebrew and Egyptian stocks, the religion of the rank and file of the Hebrew captive slaves was a modified version of the old Yahweh ritual of magic and sacrifice.




***





[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]


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#9 Rick Warren

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Posted 21 June 2012 - 05:45 AM

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Greetings Fellow Students, Forum Members and Visitors,

Semite refers more to a shared language and ethnic traditions than to race. From Wikipedia:

...In linguistics and ethnology, Semitic was first used to refer to a language family of largely Middle Eastern origin, now called the Semitic languages. This family includes the ancient and modern forms of; Akkadian, Aramaic, Hebrew, Arabic, Ge'ez, Maltese, Canaanite/Phoenician, Amorite, Eblaite, Ugaritic, Sutean, Chaldean, Mandaic, Ahlamu, Amharic, Tigre and Tigrinya among others.


As language studies are interwoven with cultural studies, the term also came to describe the extended cultures and ethnicities, as well as the history of these varied peoples as associated by close geographic and linguistic distribution.


Posted Image
Approximate distribution of Semitic languages around the 1st century AD

Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semitic




Posted Image
The Fertile Crescent at maximum defined extent, with the names of ancient civilizations found there.

Map source: http://en.wikipedia....ertile_Crescent



...Chaldea or Chaldaea was a marshy land located in modern-day south eastern Iraq which came to rule Babylon briefly. Tribes of settlers who arrived in the region from the 8th Century BC became known as the Chaldeans or the Chaldees.


Source/much more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaldea


...Phoenicia was an ancient Semitic Canaanite civilization situated on the western, coastal part of the Fertile Crescent. The major Phoenician cities were on the coastline of the Mediterranean. It was an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean from 1550 BC to 300 BC.



Source/much more: http://en.wikipedia....iki/Phoenicians



Urantia's nine races are:

Andonites (Andon and Fonta)
Nodites (from the Caligastia 100)
6 Sangik (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo)
Violet (Adam and Eve)



***

The "land of milk and honey" quote is from the Bible's Old Testament:

Exodus 3:8 "And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites."


***

About the Hittites:

...The Hittites were a Bronze Age Indo-European speaking people of Anatolia. They established a kingdom centered at Hattusa in north-central Anatolia c. the 18th century BC. The Hittite empire reached its height c. the 14th century BC, encompassing a large part of Anatolia, north-western Syria about as far south as the mouth of the Litani River (in present-day Lebanon), and eastward into upper Mesopotamia. The Hittite military made successful use of chariots.[1] By the mid-14th century BC (under king Suppiluliuma I), they had carved out an empire that included most of Asia Minor as well as parts of the northern Levant and Upper Mesopotamia. After c. 1180 BC, the empire disintegrated into several independent "Neo-Hittite" city-states, some surviving until the 8th century BC.


Posted Image
Hittite Empire (blue)

Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hittites

***

About the "chosen people" concept in Judaism:

...In the Hebrew Bible, (or the Tanakh), called the "Old Testament" by Christians, the "Treasured People" is the exact phrase used in the text, referring to the Hebrews/Israelites. In the Book of Deuteronomy, YHWH proclaims the Nation of Israel, known originally as the Children of Israel, as his "treasured people out of all the people on the face of the earth" (Deuteronomy 7:6). As mentioned in the Book of Exodus, the Hebrew people are God's chosen people, and from them shall come the Messiah, or redeemer of the world. The Israelites also possess the "Word of God" and/or the "Law of God" in the form of the Torah as communicated by God to Moses.

In Judaism, chosenness is the belief that the Jews are a people chosen to be in a covenant with God. The Jewish idea of being chosen is first found in the Torah (five books of Moses) and is elaborated on in later books of the Hebrew Bible. This status carries both responsibilities and blessings as described in the Biblical covenants with God. Much is written about this topic in rabbinic literature.



Source/much more: http://en.wikipedia...._people#Judaism

Biblical references to "chosen people":

1 Kings 3:8 "And thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude."


Deuteronomy 7:6 "For thou art an holy people unto the Lord thy God: the Lord thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that are upon the face of the earth."


Deuteronomy 14:2 "For thou art an holy people unto the Lord thy God, and the Lord hath chosen thee to be a peculiar people unto himself, above all the nations that are upon the earth."


Isaiah 41:8-9 "But thou, Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend. Thou whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, and called thee from the chief men thereof, and said unto thee, Thou art my servant; I have chosen thee, and not cast thee away."


Isaiah 43:20-21 "The beast of the field shall honour me, the dragons and the owls: because I give waters in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert, to give drink to my people, my chosen. This people have I formed for myself; they shall shew forth my praise."


Isaiah 44:1 "Yet now hear, O Jacob my servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen."


Psalms 33:12 "Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord; and the people whom he hath chosen for his own inheritance."


Psalms 105:06 "O ye seed of Abraham his servant, ye children of Jacob his chosen."


Psalms 105:43 "And he brought forth his people with joy, and his chosen with gladness."


Psalms 135:04 "For the Lord hath chosen Jacob unto himself, and Israel for his peculiar

treasure."


***

The Arabian tribes and empires six hundred years before Jesus' incarnation:

Posted Image
Approximate locations of some of the important tribes and Empire of the Arabian Peninsula at the dawn of Islam (approximately 600 CE / 50 BH).



In tomorrow's reading, Section 3, Melchizedek relates the true story of a legendary Hebrew superhero: THE MATCHLESS MOSES


Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

Much love, Rick/OPAD host


Overview of Paper 96 Yahweh — God of the Hebrews

1. Deity Concepts among the Semites
2. The Semitic Peoples
3. The Matchless Moses
4. The Proclamation of Yahweh
5. The Teachings of Moses

6. The God Concept after Moses’ Death
7. Psalms and the Book of Job


[Presented by a Melchizedek of Nebadon.]


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***

#10 Rick Warren

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Posted 21 June 2012 - 05:57 AM

One more note Forum Friends,

When referring to "chosen people", it should be noted that other faith traditions also claim this status, submit to a "covenant" with God:

Christianity

Supersessionism is a Christian theology that directly contrasts with Dual-covenant theology. Biblical expressions of God's relationships with people are known as covenants,[1] so the contentious element of supersessionism is the idea that the New Covenant with Christendom replaces the Mosaic Covenant with the Israelites and proselytes.

Supersessionism is also called fulfillment theology and replacement theology, though the latter term is disputed.[clarification needed] It is a Christian interpretation of New Testament verses, viewing God's relationship with Christians as being the inheritance of the Christian Church of the promises made to the Jews (or Biblical Israelites) and Jewish proselytes.

...The early Christian theologians saw the New Covenant in Christ as a replacement for the Mosaic Covenant (see "Roman Catholicism", below). Historically, statements on behalf of the Roman Catholic Church have claimed her ecclesiastical structures to be a fulfillment and replacement of Jewish ecclesiastical structures (see also Jerusalem as an allegory for the Church). As recently as 1965 Vatican Council II affirmed, "the Church is the new people of God," without intending to make "Israel according to the flesh", the Jewish people, irrelevant in terms of eschatology (see "Roman Catholicism, below). Modern Catholicism affirms these spokesmen as authoritative for doctrine, alongside the New Testament. Modern Protestants hold to a range of positions, some with more emphasis on continuity (covenant theology) and others with more emphasis on discontinuity (dispensationalism and New Covenant Theology).


Seventh-day Adventism

Main articles: Remnant (Adventist) and Three Angels' Messages

In traditional Seventh-day Adventist theology, the Seventh-day Adventist church is identified as the end time remnant identified in Revelation 12:17. According to this view, Adventists are "chosen" by God to proclaim the three angels' messages of Revelation 14 to the world.[citation needed]


Mormonism

See also: Mormonism and Mormonism and Judaism

In Mormonism, all Latter Day Saints are viewed as covenant, or chosen, people; they have accepted the name of Jesus Christ. This acceptance of entering the covenant is initiated by baptism. In contrast to supersessionism, Latter Day Saints do not dispute the "chosen" status of the Jewish people. In LDS doctrine all people who have ever lived will have the ability to enter into this covenant during the Millennium. Mormon eschatology holds that Jews, as a chosen people, will ultimately accept Mormonism (See Jeremiah 31:31-34).

Most practicing LDS members receive a patriarchal blessing that reveals their lineage in the House of Israel. This lineage may be blood related or through "adoption;" therefore, a child may not necessarily share the lineage of her parents (but will still be a member of the tribes of Israel). It is a widely held belief[3][4] that most members of the faith are in the tribe of Ephraim or the tribe of Manasseh.


Rastafari

Main article: Rastafari movement

Rastafaris beliefs contain six fundamental principles, including the complete chosenness of the black race in the eyes of Jah (God incarnate), rendering them supreme physically and spiritually to all other people. Many Rastas are also physical immortalists who believe the chosen few will continue to live forever in their current bodies. This idea of ever living (rather than everlasting) life is very strong and important.

Based on Jewish biblical tradition and Ethiopian legend via Kebra Nagast, Rastas believe that Israel's King Solomon, together with Ethiopian Queen of Sheba, conceived a child which began the Solomonic line of kings in Ethiopia, rendering the African people as the true children of Israel, and thereby chosen. Reinforcement of this belief occurred when Beta Israel, Ethiopia's ancient Israelite First Temple community, were rescued from Sudanese famine and brought to Israel during Operation Moses in 1985.


Unification Church

Main article: Unification Church

Reverend Moon teaches that Korea is the chosen nation, selected to serve a divine mission. Korea, Moon says, was "chosen by God to be the birthplace of the leading figure of the age",[5] and to be the birthplace of "Heavenly Tradition", ushering in God's kingdom.


See also


Source: http://en.wikipedia....le#Christianity


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#11 Rick Warren

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Posted 22 June 2012 - 03:23 AM



Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 96 - YAHWEH--GOD OF THE HEBREWS



3. THE MATCHLESS MOSES


P.1055 - §4 The beginning of the evolution of the Hebraic concepts and ideals of a Supreme Creator dates from the departure of the Semites from Egypt under that great leader, teacher, and organizer, Moses. His mother was of the royal family of Egypt; his father was a Semitic liaison officer between the government and the Bedouin captives. Moses thus possessed qualities derived from superior racial sources; his ancestry was so highly blended that it is impossible to classify him in any one racial group. Had he not been of this mixed type, he would never have displayed that unusual versatility and adaptability which enabled him to manage the diversified horde which eventually became associated with those Bedouin Semites who fled from Egypt to the Arabian Desert under his leadership.

P.1055 - §5 Despite the enticements of the culture of the Nile kingdom, Moses elected to cast his lot with the people of his father. At the time this great organizer was formulating his plans for the eventual freeing of his father's people, the Bedouin captives hardly had a religion worthy of the name; they were virtually without a true concept of God and without hope in the world.


P.1055 - §6 No leader ever undertook to reform and uplift a more forlorn, downcast, dejected, and ignorant group of human beings. But these slaves carried latent possibilities of development in their hereditary strains, and there were a sufficient number of educated leaders who had been coached by Moses in preparation for the day of revolt and the strike for liberty to constitute a corps of efficient organizers. These superior men had been employed as native overseers of their people; they had received some education because of Moses' influence with the Egyptian rulers.

P.1056 - §1 Moses endeavored to negotiate diplomatically for the freedom of his fellow Semites. He and his brother entered into a compact with the king of Egypt whereby they were granted permission peaceably to leave the valley of the Nile for the Arabian Desert. They were to receive a modest payment of money and goods in token of their long service in Egypt. The Hebrews for their part entered into an agreement to maintain friendly relations with the Pharaohs and not to join in any alliance against Egypt. But the king later saw fit to repudiate this treaty, giving as his reason the excuse that his spies had discovered disloyalty among the Bedouin slaves. He claimed they sought freedom for the purpose of going into the desert to organize the nomads against Egypt.

P.1056 - §2 But Moses was not discouraged; he bided his time, and in less than a year, when the Egyptian military forces were fully occupied in resisting the simultaneous onslaughts of a strong Libyan thrust from the south and a Greek naval invasion from the north, this intrepid organizer led his compatriots out of Egypt in a spectacular night flight. This dash for liberty was carefully planned and skillfully executed. And they were successful, notwithstanding that they were hotly pursued by Pharaoh and a small body of Egyptians, who all fell before the fugitives' defense, yielding much booty, all of which was augmented by the loot of the advancing host of escaping slaves as they marched on toward their ancestral desert home.





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[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]


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#12 Rick Warren

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Posted 22 June 2012 - 05:14 AM

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Good Friday Fellow Students, Forum Members and Visitors,

Melchizedek doesn't confirm or refute the Bible's Old Testament story of Moses' birth and adoption:

Exodus 2:1-10 "And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi.

And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months.

And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river's brink.

And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him.

And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river's side; and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it.

And when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept.

And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews' children.

Then said his sister to Pharaoh's daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee?

And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go.

And the maid went and called the child's mother.

And Pharaoh's daughter said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages.

And the women took the child, and nursed it.

And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son.

And she called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water."


But now we know this fable was applied to more than once to heroes of old. From Paper 89:7:


...Even after most groups had ceased the ritual killing of children, it was the custom to put an infant away by itself, off in the wilderness or in a little boat on the water. If the child survived, it was thought that the gods had intervened to preserve him, as in the traditions of Sargon, Moses, Cyrus, and Romulus....P.982 - 2

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It's worth noting that Mel makes two references to the genetic superiority of these enslaved peoples, implying these traits were a determining factor in their escape, and probably, their later reception of monotheism:


...Moses thus possessed qualities derived from superior racial sources; his ancestry was so highly blended that it is impossible to classify him in any one racial group.... P.1055 - 4

...But these slaves carried latent possibilities of development in their hereditary strains...These superior men had been employed as native overseers of their people.... P.1055 - 6


***

Except for the miraculous "parting of the sea" the escape from Egypt is not that different than the Biblical story in the book of Exodus, eh?

Exodus 14:8-29 "And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand.

But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pihahiroth, before Baalzephon.

And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid: and the children of Israel cried out unto the Lord.

And they said unto Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt?

Is not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians?

For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.

And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, which he will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever.

The Lord shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward: But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.

And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them: And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.

And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.

And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the Lord looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians, And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily: so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the Lord fighteth for them against the Egyptians.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen.

And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the Lord overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.

And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.

But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left."


***

About Moses in history, who also appears in Islam's Quran (among other holy books):

...Moses was, according to the Hebrew Bible and Qur'an, a religious leader, lawgiver and prophet, to whom the authorship of the Torah is traditionally attributed. Also called Moshe Rabbenu in Hebrew, Lit. "Moses our Teacher/Rabbi"), he is the most important prophet in Judaism,[1][2] and is also considered an important prophet in Christianity and Islam, as well as a number of other faiths.

The existence of Moses as well as the veracity of the Exodus story is disputed amongst archaeologists and Egyptologists, with experts in the field of biblical criticism citing logical inconsistencies, new archaeological evidence, historical evidence, and related origin myths in Canaanite culture.[3][4][5] Other historians maintain that the biographical details, and Egyptian background, attributed to Moses imply the existence of a historical political and religious leader who was involved in the consolidation of the Hebrew tribes in Canaan towards the end of the Bronze Age.

According to the Book of Exodus, Moses was born in a time when his people, the Children of Israel, were increasing in number and the Egyptian Pharaoh was worried that they might help Egypt's enemies. Moses' Hebrew mother, Jochebed, hid him when the Pharaoh ordered all newborn Hebrew boys to be killed, and the child was adopted as a foundling by the Egyptian royal family. After killing an Egyptian slave-master, Moses fled across the Red Sea to Midian where he encountered the God of Israel in the form of a "burning bush". God sent Moses to request the release of the Israelites. After the Ten Plagues, Moses led the Exodus of the Israelites out of Egypt and across the Red Sea, after which they based themselves at Mount Sinai, where Moses received the Ten Commandments. After 40 years of wandering in the desert, Moses died within sight of the Promised Land.

Rabbinical Judaism calculated a lifespan of Moses corresponding to 1391–1271 BCE;[6] Christian tradition has tended to assume an earlier date.[7]


Posted Image
Moses rescued from the Nile, 1638, by Nicolas Poussin


The crossing of the Red Sea

Main article: The Exodus

Moses then led his people eastward, beginning the long journey to Canaan. The procession moved slowly, and found it necessary to encamp three times before passing the Egyptian frontier — some believe at the Great Bitter Lake, while others propose sites as far south as the northern tip of the Red Sea. Meanwhile, Pharaoh had a change of heart, and was in pursuit of them with a large army. Shut in between this army and the sea, the Israelites despaired, but Exodus records that God divided the waters so that they passed safely across on dry ground. There is some contention about this passage, since an earlier incorrect translation of Yam Suph to Red Sea was later found to have meant Reed Sea.[26] When the Egyptian army attempted to follow, God permitted the waters to return upon them and drown them.

The people then continued to Marsa marching for three days along the wilderness of the Shur [27] without finding water. Then they came to Elim where twelve water springs and 70 Palm trees greeted them.[28] From Elim they set out again and after 45 days they reached the wilderness of Sin between Elim and Sinai.
From there they reached the plain of Rephidim, completing the crossing of the Red Sea.



Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moses

Posted Image
Image source: http://deconstructin...aith-moses.html

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About Moses in the Quran:

...Moses is mentioned more in the Quran than any other individual and his life is narrated and recounted more than that of any other prophet.[106] In general, Moses is described in ways which parallel the prophet Muhammad,[107] and "his character exhibits some of the main themes of Islamic theology," including the "moral injunction that we are to submit ourselves to God."

Moses is defined in the Qur'an as both prophet (nabi) and messenger (rasul), the latter term indicating that he was one of those prophets who brought a scripture and law to his people.

Huston Smith (1991) describes an account in the Qur'an of meetings in heaven between Moses and Muhammad, which Huston states were "one of the crucial events in Muhammad's life," and resulted in Muslims observing 5 daily prayers.[108]

Moses is mentioned 502 times in the Qur'an; passages mentioning Moses include 2.49-61, 7.103-160, 10.75-93, 17.101-104, 20.9-97, 26.10-66, 27.7-14, 28.3-46, 40.23-30, 43.46-55, 44.17-31, and 79.15-25. and many others. Most of the key events in Moses' life which are narrated in the Bible are to be found dispersed through the different Surahs of Qur'an, with a story about meeting Khidr which is not found in the Bible.[106]

In the Moses story related by the Qur'an, Jochebed is commanded by God to place Moses in an ark and cast him on the waters of the Nile, thus abandoning him completely to God's protection.[106][109] Pharaoh's wife Asiya, not his daughter, found Moses floating in the waters of the Nile. She convinced Pharaoh to keep him as their son because they were not blessed with any children.

The Qur'an's account has emphasized Moses' mission to invite the Pharaoh to accept God's divine message[110] as well as give salvation to the Israelites.[106][111] According to the Qur'an, Moses encourages the Israelites to enter Canaan, but they are unwilling to fight the Canaanites, fearing certain defeat. Moses responds by pleading to Allah that he and his brother Aaron be separated from the rebellious Israelites.[112]

According to Islamic tradition, Moses is buried at Maqam El-Nabi Musa, Jericho.


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia....iki/Moses#Islam

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Moses in Mormonism:

Main article: Book of Moses

Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (colloquially called Mormons) generally view Moses in the same way that other Christians do. However, in addition to accepting the Biblical account of Moses, Mormons include Selections from the Book of Moses as part of their scriptural canon.[103] This book is believed to be the translated writings of Moses, and is included in the Pearl of Great Price.[104] Latter-day Saints are also unique in believing that Moses was taken to heaven without having tasted death (translated). In addition, Joseph Smith, Jr. and Oliver Cowdery stated that on April 3, 1836, Moses appeared to them in the Kirtland Temple in a glorified, immortal, physical form and bestowed upon them the "keys of the gathering of Israel from the four parts of the earth, and the leading of the ten tribes from the land of the north."[105]


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In tomorrow's reading, Melchizedek tells how Moses used a thundering, erupting volcano to give rebirth to a concept of monotheism that still survives, and still leads humans into a continuing covenant with our Father on Paradise, our Father within. Section 4 is titled: THE PROCLAMATION OF YAHWEH


Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

Much love, Rick/OPAD host



Overview of Paper 96 Yahweh — God of the Hebrews

1. Deity Concepts among the Semites
2. The Semitic Peoples
3. The Matchless Moses
4. The Proclamation of Yahweh
5. The Teachings of Moses

6. The God Concept after Moses’ Death
7. Psalms and the Book of Job


[Presented by a Melchizedek of Nebadon.]


Reader Tools, References & Links






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#13 Rick Warren

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Posted 23 June 2012 - 03:40 AM



Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 96 - YAHWEH--GOD OF THE HEBREWS



4. THE PROCLAMATION OF YAHWEH



P.1056 - §3 The evolution and elevation of the Mosaic teaching has influenced almost one half of all the world, and still does even in the twentieth century. While Moses comprehended the more advanced Egyptian religious philosophy, the Bedouin slaves knew little about such teachings, but they had never entirely forgotten the god of Mount Horeb, whom their ancestors had called Yahweh.

P.1056 - §4 Moses had heard of the teachings of Machiventa Melchizedek from both his father and his mother, their commonness of religious belief being the explanation for the unusual union between a woman of royal blood and a man from a captive race. Moses' father-in-law was a Kenite worshiper of El Elyon, but the emancipator's parents were believers in El Shaddai. Moses thus was educated an El Shaddaist; through the influence of his father-in-law he became an El Elyonist; and by the time of the Hebrew encampment about Mount Sinai after the flight from Egypt, he had formulated a new and enlarged concept of Deity (derived from all his former beliefs), which he wisely decided to proclaim to his people as an expanded concept of their olden tribal god, Yahweh.

P.1056 - §5 Moses had endeavored to teach these Bedouins the idea of El Elyon, but before leaving Egypt, he had become convinced they would never fully comprehend this doctrine. Therefore he deliberately determined upon the compromise adoption of their tribal god of the desert as the one and only god of his followers. Moses did not specifically teach that other peoples and nations might not have other gods, but he did resolutely maintain that Yahweh was over and above all, especially to the Hebrews. But always was he plagued by the awkward predicament of trying to present his new and higher idea of Deity to these ignorant slaves under the guise of the ancient term Yahweh, which had always been symbolized by the golden calf of the Bedouin tribes.


P.1056 - §6 The fact that Yahweh was the god of the fleeing Hebrews explains why they tarried so long before the holy mountain of Sinai, and why they there received the Ten Commandments which Moses promulgated in the name of Yahweh, the god of Horeb. During this lengthy sojourn before Sinai the religious ceremonials of the newly evolving Hebrew worship were further perfected.


P.1057 - §1 It does not appear that Moses would ever have succeeded in the establishment of his somewhat advanced ceremonial worship and in keeping his followers intact for a quarter of a century had it not been for the violent eruption of Horeb during the third week of their worshipful sojourn at its base. "The mountain of Yahweh was consumed in fire, and the smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly." In view of this cataclysm it is not surprising that Moses could impress upon his brethren the teaching that their God was "mighty, terrible, a devouring fire, fearful, and all-powerful."

P.1057 - §2 Moses proclaimed that Yahweh was the Lord God of Israel, who had singled out the Hebrews as his chosen people; he was building a new nation, and he wisely nationalized his religious teachings, telling his followers that Yahweh was a hard taskmaster, a "jealous God." But none the less he sought to enlarge their concept of divinity when he taught them that Yahweh was the "God of the spirits of all flesh," and when he said, "The eternal God is your refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms." Moses taught that Yahweh was a covenant-keeping God; that he "will not forsake you, neither destroy you, nor forget the covenant of your fathers because the Lord loves you and will not forget the oath by which he swore to your fathers."

P.1057 - §3 Moses made a heroic effort to uplift Yahweh to the dignity of a supreme Deity when he presented him as the "God of truth and without iniquity, just and right in all his ways." And yet, despite this exalted teaching, the limited understanding of his followers made it necessary to speak of God as being in man's image, as being subject to fits of anger, wrath, and severity, even that he was vengeful and easily influenced by man's conduct.

P.1057 - §4 Under the teachings of Moses this tribal nature god, Yahweh, became the Lord God of Israel, who followed them through the wilderness and even into exile, where he presently was conceived of as the God of all peoples. The later captivity that enslaved the Jews in Babylon finally liberated the evolving concept of Yahweh to assume the monotheistic role of the God of all nations.

P.1057 - §5 The most unique and amazing feature of the religious history of the Hebrews concerns this continuous evolution of the concept of Deity from the primitive god of Mount Horeb up through the teachings of their successive spiritual leaders to the high level of development depicted in the Deity doctrines of the Isaiahs, who proclaimed that magnificent concept of the loving and merciful Creator Father.




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[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]


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#14 Rick Warren

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Posted 23 June 2012 - 06:07 AM

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Greetings Fellow Students, Forum Members and Visitors,

What an interesting man this Moses, a natural born leader evidently, a deep thinker and wise innovator, never mind his fortuitous timing at Mt Sinai! More than half the world is now monotheistic because this one man, long ago, led his people into believing God lived in, and spoke from, an erupting volcano.


...The evolution and elevation of the Mosaic teaching has influenced almost one half of all the world, and still does even in the twentieth century.... P.1056 - 3


This is still true in the 21st century, even more so. Over half the world is either Christian, Muslim or Jewish:


Posted Image

Source: http://www.answerbag.../q_view/2566569


Posted Image

Source: http://www.age-of-th...opulations.html

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About Yahwah and the Israelites:

...Israel inherited polytheism from late first-millennium Canaan, and Canaanite religion in turn had its roots in the religion of second-millennium Ugarit.[35] In the 2nd millennium, polytheism was expressed through the concepts of the Divine Council and the divine family, a single entity with four levels: the chief god and his wife (El and Asherah); the seventy divine children or "stars of El" (including Baal, Astarte, Anat, probably Resheph, as well as the sun-goddess Shapshu and the moon-god Yerak); the head helper of the divine household, Kothar wa-Hasis; and the servants of the divine household, including the messenger-gods who would later appear as the "angels" of the Hebrew Bible.[36]

In the earliest stage Yahweh was one of the seventy children of El, each of whom was the patron deity of one of the seventy nations. This is illustrated by the Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint texts of Deuteronomy 32:8–9, in which El, as the head of the divine assembly, gives each member of the divine family a nation of his own, "according to the number of the divine sons": Israel is the portion of Yahweh.[37] The later Masoretic text, evidently uncomfortable with the polytheism expressed by the phrase, altered it to "according to the number of the children of Israel"[38]

Between the eighth to the sixth centuries El became identified with Yahweh, Yahweh-El became the husband of the goddess Asherah, and the other gods and the divine messengers gradually became mere expressions of Yahweh's power.[39] Yahweh is cast in the role of the Divine King ruling over all the other deities, as in Psalm 29:2, where the "sons of God" are called upon to worship Yahweh; and as Ezekiel 8-10 suggests, the Temple itself became Yahweh's palace, populated by those in his retinue.[35]


Source/much more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yahweh

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About Moses father-in-law:

...Jethro is called a priest of Midian and became father-in-law of Moses after he gave his daughter, Zipporah, in marriage to Moses. He is introduced in Exodus 2:18.

Jethro is recorded as living in Midian; a territory stretching along the eastern edge of the Gulf of Aqaba in what is today, northwestern Saudi Arabia. Some believe Midian is within the Sinai Peninsula. Biblical maps from antiquity show Midian on both locations.[citation needed]

Jethro's daughter, Zipporah, became Moses's wife after Moses had fled Egypt, after he killed an Egyptian who was beating a Hebrew slave. Moses is said to have worked as a shepherd for Jethro for 40 years before returning to Egypt to lead the Hebrews to Canaan, the "promised land". After Moses had begun to lead the Israelites on their Exodus, it was Jethro that encouraged Moses to appoint others to share in the burden of ministry to the nation Israel by allowing others to help in the judgment of smaller matters coming before him. This takes place in the Torah portion Yitro (Exodus 18:1-20:23).


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia....hro_%28Bible%29

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About the Kenites:

...Kenites or Cinites, according to the Hebrew Bible, were a nomadic clan in the ancient Levant, sent under Jethro a priest in the land of Midian.[1] They played an important role in the history of ancient Israel. The Kenites were coppersmiths and metalworkers.[1] Moses' father-in-law, Jethro, was a shepherd and a priest in the land of Midian. Judges 1:16 identifies that Moses had a father-in-law who was a Kenite, but it is not clear from the passage if this refers to the same Jethro who was the priest of Midian. Certain groups of Kenites settled among the Israelite population, including the descendants of Moses' brother-in-law,[2] though the Kenites descended from Rechab, maintained a distinct, nomadic lifestyle for some time.

Moses apparently identified Jethro's concept of God, El Shaddai, with Yahweh, the Israelites' God.[1] According to the Kenite hypothesis, Yahweh was originally the tribal god of Jethro, borrowed and adapted by the Hebrews.[1][3][4]



Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenites

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Bible verses quoted in today's reading:

...Exodus 24:17 "And the sight of the glory of the Lord was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel."

Isaiah 29:6 "Thou shalt be visited of the Lord of hosts with thunder, and with earthquake, and great noise, with storm and tempest, and the flame of devouring fire."

Isaiah 30:27 "Behold, the name of the Lord cometh from far, burning with his anger, and the burden thereof is heavy: his lips are full of indignation, and his tongue as a devouring fire."

Isaiah 30:30 "And the Lord shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of his anger, and with the flame of a devouring fire, with scattering, and tempest, and hailstones."

Deuteronomy 28:58 "If thou wilt not observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, THE Lord THY God."

Deuteronomy 7:21 "Thou shalt not be affrighted at them: for the Lord thy God is among you, a mighty God and terrible."

Deuteronomy 10:17 "For the Lord your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward."

Jeremiah 20:11 "But the Lord is with me as a mighty terrible one: therefore my persecutors shall stumble, and they shall not prevail: they shall be greatly ashamed; for they shall not prosper: their everlasting confusion shall never be forgotten."

Exodus 19:18 "And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the Lord descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly."

Psalms 29:04 "The voice of the Lord is powerful; the voice of the Lord is full of majesty."

Deuteronomy 33:27 "The eternal God is thy refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before thee; and shall say, Destroy them."

Psalms 46:07 "The Lord of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah."

Psalms 46:11 "The Lord of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah. "

Numbers 16:22 "And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and wilt thou be wroth with all the congregation?"

Numbers 27:16 "Let the Lord, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation."

Ezekiel 39:25 "Therefore thus saith the Lord God; Now will I bring again the captivity of Jacob, and have mercy upon the whole house of Israel, and will be jealous for my holy name."

Joel 2:18 "Then will the Lord be jealous for his land, and pity his people."

Zechariah 1:14 "So the angel that communed with me said unto me, Cry thou, saying, Thus saith the Lord of hosts; I am jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion with a great jealousy."

Zechariah 8:2 "Thus saith the Lord of hosts; I was jealous for Zion with great jealousy, and I was jealous for her with great fury."

Deuteronomy 4:24 "For the Lord thy God is a consuming fire, even a jealous God."

Deuteronomy 5:9 "Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me."

Deuteronomy 6:15 "(For the Lord thy God is a jealous God among you) lest the anger of the Lord thy God be kindled against thee, and destroy thee from off the face of the earth."

Exodus 20:5 "Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me."

Exodus 34:14 "For thou shalt worship no other god: for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God."

Joshua 24:19 "And Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannot serve the Lord: for he is an holy God; he is a jealous God; he will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins."

Nahum 1:2 "God is jealous, and the Lord revengeth; the Lord revengeth, and is furious; the Lord will take vengeance on his adversaries, and he reserveth wrath for his enemies."

Deuteronomy 4:31 "(For the Lord thy God is a merciful God;) he will not forsake thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers which he sware unto them."

Deuteronomy 7:8 "But because the Lord loved you, and because he would keep the oath which he had sworn unto your fathers, hath the Lord brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the house of bondmen, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt."

Deuteronomy 32:4 "He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he."


Source: http://urantiabook.o.../pmny096_4.html

***

More about the Isaiahs is just ahead in Paper 97, Sections 5 & 7.

In tomorrow's reading, Melchizedek discusses the inherent and monumental difficulties of teaching fearful, ignorant, illiterate ex slaves about the loving and merciful God and Father of not only the Israelites, but of the whole universe. Section 5 is titled: THE TEACHINGS OF MOSES

Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

Much love, Rick/OPAD host



Overview of Paper 96 Yahweh — God of the Hebrews

1. Deity Concepts among the Semites
2. The Semitic Peoples
3. The Matchless Moses
4. The Proclamation of Yahweh
5. The Teachings of Moses

6. The God Concept after Moses’ Death
7. Psalms and the Book of Job


[Presented by a Melchizedek of Nebadon.]


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***

#15 Rick Warren

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Posted 24 June 2012 - 03:13 AM



Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 96 - YAHWEH--GOD OF THE HEBREWS



5. THE TEACHINGS OF MOSES



P.1057 - §6 Moses was an extraordinary combination of military leader, social organizer, and religious teacher. He was the most important individual world teacher and leader between the times of Machiventa and Jesus. Moses attempted to introduce many reforms in Israel of which there is no record. In the space of one man's life he led the polyglot horde of so-called Hebrews out of slavery and uncivilized roaming while he laid the foundation for the subsequent birth of a nation and the perpetuation of a race.

P.1057 - §7 There is so little on record of the great work of Moses because the Hebrews had no written language at the time of the exodus. The record of the times and doings of Moses was derived from the traditions extant more than one thousand years after the death of the great leader.

P.1058 - §1 Many of the advances which Moses made over and above the religion of the Egyptians and the surrounding Levantine tribes were due to the Kenite traditions of the time of Melchizedek. Without the teaching of Machiventa to Abraham and his contemporaries, the Hebrews would have come out of Egypt in hopeless darkness. Moses and his father-in-law, Jethro, gathered up the residue of the traditions of the days of Melchizedek, and these teachings, joined to the learning of the Egyptians, guided Moses in the creation of the improved religion and ritual of the Israelites. Moses was an organizer; he selected the best in the religion and mores of Egypt and Palestine and, associating these practices with the traditions of the Melchizedek teachings, organized the Hebrew ceremonial system of worship.


P.1058 - §2 Moses was a believer in Providence; he had become thoroughly tainted with the doctrines of Egypt concerning the supernatural control of the Nile and the other elements of nature. He had a great vision of God, but he was thoroughly sincere when he taught the Hebrews that, if they would obey God, "He will love you, bless you, and multiply you. He will multiply the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your land--the corn, wine, oil, and your flocks. You shall be prospered above all people, and the Lord your God will take away from you all sickness and will put none of the evil diseases of Egypt upon you." He even said: "Remember the Lord your God, for it is he who gives you the power to get wealth." "You shall lend to many nations, but you shall not borrow. You shall reign over many nations, but they shall not reign over you."



P.1058 - §3 But it was truly pitiful to watch this great mind of Moses trying to adapt his sublime concept of El Elyon, the Most High, to the comprehension of the ignorant and illiterate Hebrews. To his assembled leaders he thundered, "The Lord your God is one God; there is none beside him"; while to the mixed multitude he declared, "Who is like your God among all the gods?" Moses made a brave and partly successful stand against fetishes and idolatry, declaring, "You saw no similitude on the day that your God spoke to you at Horeb out of the midst of the fire." He also forbade the making of images of any sort.

P.1058 - §4 Moses feared to proclaim the mercy of Yahweh, preferring to awe his people with the fear of the justice of God, saying: "The Lord your God is God of Gods, and Lord of Lords, a great God, a mighty and terrible God, who regards not man." Again he sought to control the turbulent clans when he declared that "your God kills when you disobey him; he heals and gives life when you obey him." But Moses taught these tribes that they would become the chosen people of God only on condition that they "kept all his commandments and obeyed all his statutes."

P.1058 - §5 Little of the mercy of God was taught the Hebrews during these early times. They learned of God as "the Almighty; the Lord is a man of war, God of battles, glorious in power, who dashes in pieces his enemies." "The Lord your God walks in the midst of the camp to deliver you." The Israelites thought of their God as one who loved them, but who also "hardened Pharaoh's heart" and "cursed their enemies."

P.1058 - §6 While Moses presented fleeting glimpses of a universal and beneficent Deity to the children of Israel, on the whole, their day-by-day concept of Yahweh was that of a God but little better than the tribal gods of the surrounding peoples. Their concept of God was primitive, crude, and anthropomorphic; when Moses passed on, these Bedouin tribes quickly reverted to the semibarbaric ideas of their olden gods of Horeb and the desert. The enlarged and more sublime vision of God which Moses every now and then presented to his leaders was soon lost to view, while most of the people turned to the worship of their fetish golden calves, the Palestinian herdsman's symbol of Yahweh.



P.1059 - §1 When Moses turned over the command of the Hebrews to Joshua, he had already gathered up thousands of the collateral descendants of Abraham, Nahor, Lot, and other of the related tribes and had whipped them into a self-sustaining and partially self-regulating nation of pastoral warriors.



***





[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]


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#16 Rick Warren

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Posted 24 June 2012 - 05:54 AM

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Greetings Fellow Students, Forum Members and Visitors,

It's such a priceless privilege to have these authoritative facts to sort out the confused records about Moses, all our great leaders and organizers, eh?

Moses might have taught much about our Father and his "providence" that is misleading and outright erroneous, but he did establish a religion and a nation that created the propitious circumstances for Jesus' incarnation 1300 years later.


...There is so little on record of the great work of Moses because the Hebrews had no written language at the time of the exodus. The record of the times and doings of Moses was derived from the traditions extant more than one thousand years after the death of the great leader.... P.1057 - 7


Rabbinical Judaism calculated a lifespan of Moses corresponding to 1391–1271 BCE;[6] Christian tradition has tended to assume an earlier date.[7]


Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moses

Although there is historical confusion and contradiction about the timing of Moses and the "exodus" from Egypt, history does more or less agree that they happened about 1200 to 1400 before the Master's appearance in 7 BC.

Main article: Pharaoh of the Exodus


The Seder Olam Rabbah (ca. 2nd century AD) determines the commencement of the Exodus to 1313 BC. This date has become traditional in Rabbinic Judaism.[30]

In the first half of the 20th century the Exodus was dated on the basis of 1 Kings 6:1, which states that the Exodus occurred 480 years before the construction of Solomon's Temple, the fourth year of Solomon's reign. Equating the biblical chronology with dates in history is notoriously difficult, but Edwin Thiele's widely accepted reconciliation of the reigns of the Israelite and Judahite kings would imply an Exodus around 1450 BC, during the reign of Pharaoh Thutmose III (1479-1425 BC).[31] By the mid-20th century it had become apparent that the archaeological record made this date impossible. The mummy of Thutmoses III had already been discovered in 1881,[32] and Egyptian records of that period do not mention the expulsion of any group that could be identified with over two million Hebrew slaves, nor any events which could be identified with the Biblical plagues. In addition, digs in the 1930s had failed to find traces of the simultaneous destruction of Canaanite cities c.1400 BC—in fact many of them, including Jericho, the first Canaanite city to fall to the Israelites according to the Book of Joshua, were uninhabited at the time.
The lack of evidence led William F. Albright, the leading biblical archaeologist of the period, to propose an alternative, "late" Exodus around 1200-1250 BC. His argument was based on the many strands of evidence, including the destruction at Beitel (Bethel) and some other cities at around that period, and the occurrence from the same period of distinctive house-types and a distinctive round-collared jar which, in his opinion, was to be identified with in-coming Israelites.
Albright's theory enjoyed popularity around the middle of the 20th century, but has now been generally abandoned in scholarship.[33] The evidence which led to the abandonment of Albright's theory include: the collar-rimmed jars have been recognised as an indigenous form originating in lowland Canaanite cities centuries earlier;[34] while some "Joshua" cities, including Hazor, Lachish, Megiddo and others, have destruction and transition layers around 1250-1145 BC, others, including Jericho, have no destruction layers or were uninhabited during this period;[35][36] and the Merneptah Stele indicates that a people called "Israel" were already known in Canaan by the reign of Merneptah (1213-1203 BC).[37]

Modern theories on the date - all of them popular rather than scholarly - tend to concentrate on an "early" Exodus, prior to c.1440 BC. The major candidates are:


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia....wiki/The_Exodus

According to Paper 96 then, the Hebrews began writing about 300 BC. But other tribes and nations had writing systems well before Moses' time, systems that the Jews surely borrowed from:

...According to contemporary scholars, the original Hebrew script developed alongside others in the region during the course of the late second and first millennia BCE; it is closely related to the Phoenician script, which itself probably gave rise to the use of alphabetic writing in Greece (Greek). It is sometimes claimed that around the 10th century BCE [1][verification needed] a distinct Hebrew variant, the original "Hebrew script", emerged, which was widely used in the ancient kingdoms of Israel and Judah until they fell in the 8th and 6th centuries BCE, respectively. It is not straightforward, however, to distinguish Israelite/Judahite scripts from others which were in use in the immediate area, most notably by the Moabites and Ammonites.

Following the Babylonian exile, Jews gradually stopped using the Hebrew script, and instead adopted the "square" Aramaic script (another offshoot of the same family of scripts). This script, used for writing Hebrew, later evolved into the Jewish, or "square" script, that is still used today.[2] Closely related scripts were in use all over the Middle East for several hundred years, but following the rise of Christianity (and later, the rise of Islam), they gave way to the Latin and Arabic scripts, respectively.

The Hebrew alphabet was later adapted in order to write down the languages of the Jewish diaspora (Karaim, Judæo-Arabic, Ladino, Yiddish, etc.), and was retained all the while in relatively unadapted form throughout the diaspora for Hebrew, which remained the language of Jewish law, scriptures and scholarship. The Hebrew alphabet was also retained as the alphabet used for writing down the Hebrew language during its rebirth as an everyday modern language starting in the 18th to 19th century.

According to one Jewish tradition,[3] however, the block script seen today in Hebrew Torah Scrolls, known as Kthav Ashurith, was the original Hebrew script carved into the Ten Commandments.[4] According to this opinion, the Ktav Ashurith was lost over time, as the masses used Paleo-Hebrew and its cousins, known as Kthav Ivri, for day to day writing, just as Jews today use a non block script for everyday writing.[5]


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia....Hebrew_alphabet

Date of the Babylonian exile:

...The Babylonian captivity (or Babylonian exile) was the period in Jewish history during which the Jews of the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylon.

Rabbinic chronologists place the date of the destruction of the First Temple -considered the onset of the captivity[citation needed]- to be 423 BCE to 403 BCE...


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia....tivity_of_Judah

***

About Jethro:

...In the Old Testament or the Hebrew Bible, Jethro is Moses' father-in-law, a Kenite shepherd and priest of Midian.[1] He is also revered as a prophet in his own right in the Druze religion,[2] and considered an ancestor of the Druze.[3]

...Jethro is called a priest of Midian and became father-in-law of Moses after he gave his daughter, Zipporah, in marriage to Moses. He is introduced in Exodus 2:18.

Jethro is recorded as living in Midian; a territory stretching along the eastern edge of the Gulf of Aqaba in what is today, northwestern Saudi Arabia. Some believe Midian is within the Sinai Peninsula. Biblical maps from antiquity show Midian on both locations.

Jethro in Islam

Main article: Shuʿayb

Under the name Shuʿayb or Shoaib, (meaning Who shows the right path), Jethro is revered as a Prophet of Islam[7] though Islam attributes to him many deeds not attested in the Bible. He is believed to have lived after Abraham, and Muslims believe that he was sent as a prophet to two communities, namely the Midianites [8] and the People of the Wood.[9] To both the people, Shoaib proclaimed the faith of Islam and warned the people to end their fraudulent ways. When they did not repent, God destroyed both the communities.[10][11] Shoaib is understood by Muslims to have been one of the few Arabian prophets mentioned by name in the Qur'an, the others being Saleh, Hud, Ishmael and Muhammad. It is said that he was known by early Muslims as "the eloquent preacher amongst the prophets", because he was, according to Islamic tradition, granted talent and eloquence in his language.[12]

Unlike the account in the Hebrew Bible, Islam does not closely associate Shuʿayb with Moses/Musa, also hounored as a Prophet of Islam.

Shoaib is particularly central in the rites and pilgimages of the Druze religion.


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia....hro_%28Bible%29

***

Moses' faulty belief in providence was typical for his times. In Paper 118:10 a Mighty Messenger wrote a definitive piece on the real "Functions of Providence", which states in part:


...Providence does not mean that God has decided all things for us and in advance. God loves us too much to do that, for that would be nothing short of cosmic tyranny. Man does have relative powers of choice. Neither is the divine love that shortsighted affection which would pamper and spoil the children of men.... P.1304 - 3

...There is a providence in the evolving universes, and it can be discovered by creatures to just the extent that they have attained capacity to perceive the purpose of the evolving universes.... P.1305 - 5


***

About Nahor, brother of Abraham:

...In the account of Terah's family, mentioned in Gen.11:26-32, Nahor II is listed as the son of Terah, amongst two other brothers, Abram and Haran.[v.26,27] His grandfather was Nahor I, son of Serug. Nahor married the daughter of his brother Haran, Milcah, his niece.[v.29] They were all born and raised in the city of Ur. When Abram, had an encounter with God,[3] this brother directed his family to leave their native land and go to the land of Canaan. Terah, their father, coordinated the gathering of his family to journey west to their destination.[v.31] They followed the Euphrates River, with their herds, to the Padan-aram region. This was about halfway along the Fertile Crescent between Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean, in what is now southeastern Turkey.[4] In this region, Nahor and his family settled except for his brother Haran, who had died sometime ago back in Ur.[V.28] The city where they settled, Haran, is the place that Nahor's father eventually died.[V.32]
Nahor II continued his own travels and settled in the region of Aram Naharaim where he founded the town, Nahor.[Gen.24:10] Here, he had eight sons to Milcah:[Gen.22:19-23]

Posted Image
Nahor from "Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum" Born bef. 2000 BCE, City of UR Died City of Ur Children Terah, and other sons and daughters Parents Serug


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nahor

About Lot, Abraham's nephew:

...Lot is a character in the Bible. He is mentioned in the Book of Genesis chapters 11-14 and 19. Notable episodes in his life include his travels with his uncle Abraham, the Patriarch of Israel); his flight from the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah; and the seduction by his daughters so that they could bear children.
Christians and Muslims revere Lot as a righteous man of God.[2] Jesus is a descendent of Lot through David's great-grandmother Ruth, who is descended from Lot's son Moab. The Qur'an excludes any references to Lot's drunkeness and incestuous relations. He is regarded as a prophet of Islam.


Source/much more: http://en.wikipedia....lical_person%29

***
In tomorrow's reading, Melchizedek tells us more about Joshua and his struggle to keep Moses' advanced, monotheistic concept alive in ancient Israel. Section 6 is titled: THE GOD CONCEPT AFTER MOSES' DEATH


Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

Much love, Rick/OPAD host


Overview of Paper 96 Yahweh — God of the Hebrews

1. Deity Concepts among the Semites
2. The Semitic Peoples
3. The Matchless Moses
4. The Proclamation of Yahweh
5. The Teachings of Moses

6. The God Concept after Moses’ Death
7. Psalms and the Book of Job


[Presented by a Melchizedek of Nebadon.]


Reader Tools, References & Links






***

#17 Rick Warren

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Posted 24 June 2012 - 05:59 AM

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One more addition fellow students, from the Paramony. There are a host of Bible verses that coincide with today's reading:

096:05.04 He will love you, bless you Deuteronomy 7:13-15 (Reference) "And he will love thee, and bless thee, and multiply thee: he will also bless the fruit of thy womb, and the fruit of thy land, thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep, in the land which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee. Thou shalt be blessed above all people: there shall not be male or female barren among you, or among your cattle. And the Lord will take away from thee all sickness, and will put none of the evil diseases of Egypt, which thou knowest, upon thee; but will lay them upon all them that hate thee."
096:05.04 Lend to many nations Deuteronomy 15:6 (Reference) "For the Lord thy God blesseth thee, as he promised thee: and thou shalt lend unto many nations, but thou shalt not borrow; and thou shalt reign over many nations, but they shall not reign over thee."
096:05.04 Remember the Lord your God Deuteronomy 8:18 (Reference) "But thou shalt remember the Lord thy God: for it is he that giveth thee power to get wealth, that he may establish his covenant which he sware unto thy fathers, as it is this day."
096:05.05 Pt 1: The Lord is one God Deuteronomy 6:4 (Reference) "Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord."
096:05.05 Pt 2: There is none beside Deuteronomy 4:35 (Reference) "Unto thee it was shewed, that thou mightest know that the Lord he is God; there is none else beside him."
096:05.05 Pt 2: There is none beside Deuteronomy 4:39 (Reference) "Know therefore this day, and consider it in thine heart, that the Lord he is God in heaven above, and upon the earth beneath: there is none else."
096:05.05 The Lord our God is one Lord+ Mark 12:29 (Same) "And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord."
096:05.05 The Lord our God is one Lord+ Mark 12:32 (Same) "And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ 1 Corinthians 8:4-6 (Compare) "As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice unto idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is none other God but one.
For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ 1 Samuel 2:2 (Compare) "There is none holy as the Lord: for there is none beside thee: neither is there any rock like our God."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ 1 Timothy 2:5 (Compare) "For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ 2 Kings 19:19 (Compare) "Now therefore, O Lord our God, I beseech thee, save thou us out of his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou art the Lord God, even thou only."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ 2 Samuel 7:22 (Compare) "Wherefore thou art great, O Lord God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ Ephesians 4:6 (Compare) "One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ Galatians 3:20 (Compare) "Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ Isaiah 37:16 (Compare) "O Lord of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth: thou hast made heaven and earth."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ Isaiah 44:6-8 (Compare) "Thus saith the Lord the King of Israel, and his redeemer the Lord of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God. And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me, since I appointed the ancient people? and the things that are coming, and shall come, let them shew unto them. Fear ye not, neither be afraid: have not I told thee from that time, and have declared it? ye are even my witnesses. Is there a God beside me? yea, there is no God; I know not any."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ Isaiah 45:5-6 (Compare) "I am the Lord, and there is none else, there is no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me: That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me. I am the Lord, and there is none else."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ Isaiah 45:21 (Compare) "Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the Lord? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ James 2:19 (Compare) "Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ John 17:3 (Same) "And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ Nehemiah 9:6 (Compare) "Thou, even thou, art Lord alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ Psalms 86:10 (Compare) "For thou art great, and doest wondrous things: thou art God alone."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ Romans 3:30 (Compare) "Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith."
096:05.05 The Lord your God is one God+ Sirach 36:5 (Compare) "And let them know thee, as we have known thee, that there is no God but only thou, O God."
096:05.05 Who is like our God among all Exodus 15:11 (Reference) "Who is like unto thee, O Lord, among the gods? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?"
096:05.05 You saw no similitude the day Deuteronomy 4:15 (Reference) "Take ye therefore good heed unto yourselves; for ye saw no manner of similitude on the day that the Lord spake unto you in Horeb out of the midst of the fire."
096:05.06 Chosen people of God+ 1 Kings 3:8 (Compare) "And thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude."
096:05.06 Chosen people of God+ Deuteronomy 7:6 (Compare) "For thou art an holy people unto the Lord thy God: the Lord thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that are upon the face of the earth."
096:05.06 Chosen people of God+ Deuteronomy 14:2 (Compare) "For thou art an holy people unto the Lord thy God, and the Lord hath chosen thee to be a peculiar people unto himself, above all the nations that are upon the earth."
096:05.06 Chosen people of God+ Isaiah 41:8-9 (Compare) "But thou, Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend. Thou whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, and called thee from the chief men thereof, and said unto thee, Thou art my servant; I have chosen thee, and not cast thee away."
096:05.06 Chosen people of God+ Isaiah 43:20-21 (Compare) "The beast of the field shall honour me, the dragons and the owls: because I give waters in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert, to give drink to my people, my chosen.
This people have I formed for myself; they shall shew forth my praise."
096:05.06 Chosen people of God+ Isaiah 44:1 (Compare) "Yet now hear, O Jacob my servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen."
096:05.06 Chosen people of God+ Psalms 33:12 (Compare) "Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord; and the people whom he hath chosen for his own inheritance."
096:05.06 Chosen people of God+ Psalms 105:06 (Compare) "O ye seed of Abraham his servant, ye children of Jacob his chosen."
096:05.06 Chosen people of God+ Psalms 105:43 (Compare) "And he brought forth his people with joy, and his chosen with gladness."
096:05.06 Chosen people of God+ Psalms 135:04 (Compare) "For the Lord hath chosen Jacob unto himself, and Israel for his peculiar treasure."
096:05.06 God kills when you disobey Deuteronomy 28:all (Reference) "And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the Lord thy God, to observe and to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the Lord thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth: And all these blessings shall come on thee, and overtake thee, if thou shalt hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God. Blessed shalt thou be in the city, and blessed shalt thou be in the field.
Blessed shall be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit of thy ground, and the fruit of thy cattle, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep. Blessed shall be thy basket and thy store. Blessed shalt thou be when thou comest in, and blessed shalt thou be when thou goest out. The Lord shall cause thine enemies that rise up against thee to be smitten before thy face: they shall come out against thee one way, and flee before thee seven ways. The Lord shall command the blessing upon thee in thy storehouses, and in all that thou settest thine hand unto; and he shall bless thee in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
The Lord shall establish thee an holy people unto himself, as he hath sworn unto thee, if thou shalt keep the commandments of the Lord thy God, and walk in his ways. And all people of the earth shall see that thou art called by the name of the Lord; and they shall be afraid of thee. And the Lord shall make thee plenteous in goods, in the fruit of thy body, and in the fruit of thy cattle, and in the fruit of thy ground, in the land which the Lord sware unto thy fathers to give thee. The Lord shall open unto thee his good treasure, the heaven to give the rain unto thy land in his season, and to bless all the work of thine hand: and thou shalt lend unto many nations, and thou shalt not borrow. And the Lord shall make thee the head, and not the tail; and thou shalt be above only, and thou shalt not be beneath; if that thou hearken unto the commandments of the Lord thy God, which I command thee this day, to observe and to do them: And thou shalt not go aside from any of the words which I command thee this day, to the right hand, or to the left, to go after other gods to serve them. But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee: Cursed shalt thou be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in the field.
Cursed shall be thy basket and thy store. Cursed shall be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit of thy land, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep. Cursed shalt thou be when thou comest in, and cursed shalt thou be when thou goest out.
The Lord shall send upon thee cursing, vexation, and rebuke, in all that thou settest thine hand unto for to do, until thou be destroyed, and until thou perish quickly; because of the wickedness of thy doings, whereby thou hast forsaken me.
The Lord shall make the pestilence cleave unto thee, until he have consumed thee from off the land, whither thou goest to possess it. The Lord shall smite thee with a consumption, and with a fever, and with an inflammation, and with an extreme burning, and with the sword, and with blasting, and with mildew; and they shall pursue thee until thou perish.
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron. The Lord shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed. The Lord shall cause thee to be smitten before thine enemies: thou shalt go out one way against them, and flee seven ways before them: and shalt be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth. And thy carcase shall be meat unto all fowls of the air, and unto the beasts of the earth, and no man shall fray them away. The Lord will smite thee with the botch of Egypt, and with the emerods, and with the scab, and with the itch, whereof thou canst not be healed. The Lord shall smite thee with madness, and blindness, and astonishment of heart: And thou shalt grope at noonday, as the blind gropeth in darkness, and thou shalt not prosper in thy ways: and thou shalt be only oppressed and spoiled evermore, and no man shall save thee. Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her: thou shalt build an house, and thou shalt not dwell therein: thou shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not gather the grapes thereof.
Thine ox shall be slain before thine eyes, and thou shalt not eat thereof: thine ass shall be violently taken away from before thy face, and shall not be restored to thee: thy sheep shall be given unto thine enemies, and thou shalt have none to rescue them.
Thy sons and thy daughters shall be given unto another people, and thine eyes shall look, and fail with longing for them all the day long: and there shall be no might in thine hand. The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed alway: So that thou shalt be mad for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see. The Lord shall smite thee in the knees, and in the legs, with a sore botch that cannot be healed, from the sole of thy foot unto the top of thy head. The Lord shall bring thee, and thy king which thou shalt set over thee, unto a nation which neither thou nor thy fathers have known; and there shalt thou serve other gods, wood and stone. And thou shalt become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all nations whither the Lord shall lead thee. Thou shalt carry much seed out into the field, and shalt gather but little in; for the locust shall consume it. Thou shalt plant vineyards, and dress them, but shalt neither drink of the wine, nor gather the grapes; for the worms shall eat them. Thou shalt have olive trees throughout all thy coasts, but thou shalt not anoint thyself with the oil; for thine olive shall cast his fruit. Thou shalt beget sons and daughters, but thou shalt not enjoy them; for they shall go into captivity. All thy trees and fruit of thy land shall the locust consume. The stranger that is within thee shall get up above thee very high; and thou shalt come down very low. He shall lend to thee, and thou shalt not lend to him: he shall be the head, and thou shalt be the tail. Moreover all these curses shall come upon thee, and shall pursue thee, and overtake thee, till thou be destroyed; because thou hearkenedst not unto the voice of the Lord thy God, to keep his commandments and his statutes which he commanded thee: And they shall be upon thee for a sign and for a wonder, and upon thy seed for ever. Because thou servedst not the Lord thy God with joyfulness, and with gladness of heart, for the abundance of all things; Therefore shalt thou serve thine enemies which the Lord shall send against thee, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in want of all things: and he shall put a yoke of iron upon thy neck, until he have destroyed thee. The Lord shall bring a nation against thee from far, from the end of the earth, as swift as the eagle flieth; a nation whose tongue thou shalt not understand; A nation of fierce countenance, which shall not regard the person of the old, nor show favour to the young: And he shall eat the fruit of thy cattle, and the fruit of thy land, until thou be destroyed: which also shall not leave thee either corn, wine, or oil, or the increase of thy kine, or flocks of thy sheep, until he have destroyed thee. And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, until thy high and fenced walls come down, wherein thou trustedst, throughout all thy land: and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates throughout all thy land, which the Lord thy God hath given thee. And thou shalt eat the fruit of thine own body, the flesh of thy sons and of thy daughters, which the Lord thy God hath given thee, in the siege, and in the straitness, wherewith thine enemies shall distress thee: So that the man that is tender among you, and very delicate, his eye shall be evil toward his brother, and toward the wife of his bosom, and toward the remnant of his children which he shall leave: So that he will not give to any of them of the flesh of his children whom he shall eat: because he hath nothing left him in the siege, and in the straitness, wherewith thine enemies shall distress thee in all thy gates. The tender and delicate woman among you, which would not adventure to set the sole of her foot upon the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward the husband of her bosom, and toward her son, and toward her daughter, And toward her young one that cometh out from between her feet, and toward her children which she shall bear: for she shall eat them for want of all things secretly in the siege and straitness, wherewith thine enemy shall distress thee in thy gates. If thou wilt not observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, THE Lord THY God; Then the Lord will make thy plagues wonderful, and the plagues of thy seed, even great plagues, and of long continuance, and sore sicknesses, and of long continuance. Moreover he will bring upon thee all the diseases of Egypt, which thou wast afraid of; and they shall cleave unto thee. Also every sickness, and every plague, which is not written in the book of this law, them will the Lord bring upon thee, until thou be destroyed.
And ye shall be left few in number, whereas ye were as the stars of heaven for multitude; because thou wouldest not obey the voice of the Lord thy God. And it shall come to pass, that as the Lord rejoiced over you to do you good, and to multiply you; so the Lord will rejoice over you to destroy you, and to bring you to nought; and ye shall be plucked from off the land whither thou goest to possess it. And the Lord shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, even wood and stone. And among these nations shalt thou find no ease, neither shall the sole of thy foot have rest: but the Lord shall give thee there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind: And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee; and thou shalt fear day and night, and shalt have none assurance of thy life: In the morning thou shalt say, Would God it were even! and at even thou shalt say, Would God it were morning! for the fear of thine heart wherewith thou shalt fear, and for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see. And the Lord shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, Thou shalt see it no more again: and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy you. "
096:05.06 God kills when you disobey Deuteronomy 32:39 (Reference) "See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither is there any that can deliver out of my hand."
096:05.06 God of Gods, Lord of Lords Deuteronomy 10:17 (Reference) "For the Lord your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward."
096:05.06 Keep all commandments+ Deuteronomy 7:11 (Reference) "Thou shalt therefore keep the commandments, and the statutes, and the judgments, which I command thee this day, to do them."
096:05.06 Keep all commandments+ Deuteronomy 10:12-13 (Reference) "And now, Israel, what doth the Lord thy God require of thee, but to fear the Lord thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the Lord thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul, To keep the commandments of the Lord, and his statutes, which I command thee this day for thy good?"
096:05.06 Keep all commandments+ Deuteronomy 12:25 (Reference) "Thou shalt not eat it; that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee, when thou shalt do that which is right in the sight of the Lord."
096:05.06 Keep all commandments+ Deuteronomy 12:28 (Reference) "Observe and hear all these words which I command thee, that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee for ever, when thou doest that which is good and right in the sight of the Lord thy God."
096:05.06 Keep all commandments+ Deuteronomy 12:32 (Reference) "What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it. "
096:05.06 Keep all commandments+ Deuteronomy 13:18 (Reference) "When thou shalt hearken to the voice of the Lord thy God, to keep all his commandments which I command thee this day, to do that which is right in the eyes of the Lord thy God. "
096:05.07 Cursed their enemies Deuteronomy 30:7 (Reference) "And the Lord thy God will put all these curses upon thine enemies, and on them that hate thee, which persecuted thee."
096:05.07 Hardened Pharaoh's heart Exodus 7:13 (Reference) "And he hardened Pharaoh's heart, that he hearkened not unto them; as the Lord had said."
096:05.07 Pt 1: The Almighty Genesis 35:11 (Reference) "And God said unto him, I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins."
096:05.07 Pt 2: A man of war Exodus 15:3 (Reference) "The Lord is a man of war: the Lord is his name."
096:05.07 Pt 3: A God of battles Psalms 24:08 (Reference) "Who is this King of glory?
The Lord strong and mighty, the Lord mighty in battle."
096:05.07 Pt 4: Glorious in power Exodus 15:6 (Reference) "Thy right hand, O Lord, is become glorious in power: thy right hand, O Lord, hath dashed in pieces the enemy."
096:05.07 Pt 5: Dashes enemies in pieces Exodus 15:6 (Reference) "Thy right hand, O Lord, is become glorious in power: thy right hand, O Lord, hath dashed in pieces the enemy."
096:05.07 Walks in midst of camp Deuteronomy 23:14 (Reference) "For the Lord thy God walketh in the midst of thy camp, to deliver thee, and to give up thine enemies before thee; therefore shall thy camp be holy: that he see no unclean thing in thee, and turn away from thee."


Source: http://urantiabook.o.../pmny096_5.html

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#18 Rick Warren

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Posted 25 June 2012 - 04:25 AM



Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 96 - YAHWEH--GOD OF THE HEBREWS



6. THE GOD CONCEPT AFTER MOSES' DEATH



P.1059 - §2 Upon the death of Moses his lofty concept of Yahweh rapidly deteriorated. Joshua and the leaders of Israel continued to harbor the Mosaic traditions of the all-wise, beneficent, and almighty God, but the common people rapidly reverted to the older desert idea of Yahweh. And this backward drift of the concept of Deity continued increasingly under the successive rule of the various tribal sheiks, the so-called Judges.

P.1059 - §3 The spell of the extraordinary personality of Moses had kept alive in the hearts of his followers the inspiration of an increasingly enlarged concept of God; but when they once reached the fertile lands of Palestine, they quickly evolved from nomadic herders into settled and somewhat sedate farmers. And this evolution of life practices and change of religious viewpoint demanded a more or less complete change in the character of their conception of the nature of their God, Yahweh. During the times of the beginning of the transmutation of the austere, crude, exacting, and thunderous desert god of Sinai into the later appearing concept of a God of love, justice, and mercy, the Hebrews almost lost sight of Moses' lofty teachings. They came near losing all concept of monotheism; they nearly lost their opportunity of becoming the people who would serve as a vital link in the spiritual evolution of Urantia, the group who would conserve the Melchizedek teaching of one God until the times of the incarnation of a bestowal Son of that Father of all.

P.1059 - §4 Desperately Joshua sought to hold the concept of a supreme Yahweh in the minds of the tribesmen, causing it to be proclaimed: "As I was with Moses, so will I be with you; I will not fail you nor forsake you." Joshua found it necessary to preach a stern gospel to his disbelieving people, people all too willing to believe their old and native religion but unwilling to go forward in the religion of faith and righteousness. The burden of Joshua's teaching became: "Yahweh is a holy God; he is a jealous God; he will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins." The highest concept of this age pictured Yahweh as a "God of power, judgment, and justice."

P.1059 - §5 But even in this dark age, every now and then a solitary teacher would arise proclaiming the Mosaic concept of divinity: "You children of wickedness cannot serve the Lord, for he is a holy God." "Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his Maker?" "Can you by searching find out God? Can you find out the Almighty to perfection? Behold, God is great and we know him not. Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out."





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#19 Rick Warren

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Posted 25 June 2012 - 06:42 AM

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Greetings Fellow Students, Forum Members and Visitors,

We shouldn't be surprised Moses teachings "rapidly" faded. Like Adam before him, and Ikhnaton, and Buddha, and Lao, they found some success in upgrading religious thinking and acting during their lives, but the old ways crept back in as soon as they died.

We know for certain Moses was succeeded by Joshua, after whom Jesus was named (apparently the Israeli name Joshua was too difficult to recall or repeat and was subsequently morphed into the name we know today, Jesus).

...The English name Joshua is a rendering of the Hebrew language "Yahoshua", meaning "Yahweh is salvation".[6][7] The vocalization of the second name component may be read as Hoshea - the name used in the Torah before Moses added the divine name (Numbers 13:16).[8]

"Jesus" is the English of the Greek transliteration of "Yahoshua" via Latin. In the Septuagint, all instances of the word "Yahoshua" are rendered as "Ἰησοῦς" (Iēsoūs), the closest Greek pronunciation of the Aramaic "Yeshua" (Hebrew word #3443 in Strong's, Nehemiah 8:17).[9][10] Thus in Greek Joshua is called "Jesus son of Nun" (τοῦ Ναυή) to differentiate him from Jesus Christ. This is also true in the Slavic languages following the Eastern Orthodox tradition (e.g. "Иисус Навин" (Iisús Navín) in Russian).


So what do we know about this son of Nun, besides the fact he has a book in the Bible's Old Testament named after him, and Islam calls him a prophet? From Wikipedia:

Joshua is a figure in the Torah, being one of the spies for Israel (Num 13-14) and in few passages as Moses' assistant.[3] He is the central character in the Hebrew Bible's Book of Joshua. According to the books Exodus, Numbers and Joshua, he became the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses; his name was Hoshe'a the son of Nun, of the tribe of Ephraim, but Moses called him Yehoshu'a (Joshua) (Numbers 13:16) the name by which he is commonly known; and he was born in Egypt prior to the Exodus, and was probably the same age as Caleb, with whom he is occasionally associated.

He was one of the twelve spies of Israel sent by Moses to explore the land of Canaan. (Numbers 13:1-16) After the death of Moses, he led the Israelite tribes in the conquest of Canaan, and allocated the land to the tribes. According to Biblical chronology, Joshua lived between 1500–1390 BCE,[4] or sometime in the late Bronze Age. According to Joshua 24:29, Joshua died at the age of 110.

Joshua also holds a position of respect to Muslims. According to the Qur’ān, he was, along with Caleb, one of the two believing spies whom Moses had sent to spy the land of Canaan.[5] All Muslims also see Joshua as the leader of the Israelites, following the death of Moses. Although some Muslims see Joshua as a prophet, others view him not as prophet but as a saintly man and great leader. Muslims also believe Joshua to be the "attendant" of Moses mentioned in the Qur’ān, before Moses meets Khidr.

Posted Image

Joshua and the Israelite people, Karolingischer Buchmaler, c.840



Joshua is best known in Biblical history for leading the Israelites into the "promised land" of Canaan:

...At the Jordan River, the waters parted, as they had for Moses at the Red Sea. The first battle after the crossing of the Jordan was the Battle of Jericho. Joshua led the destruction of Jericho, then moved on to Ai, a small neighboring city to the west. However, they were defeated with thirty-six Israelite deaths. The defeat was attributed to Achan taking an "accursed thing" from Jericho; and was followed by Achan and his family and animals being stoned to death to restore God's favor. Joshua then went to defeat Ai.

The Israelites faced an alliance of Amorite kings from Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon. At Gibeon Joshua asked God to cause the sun and moon to stand still, so that he could finish the battle in daylight. This event is most notable because "there was no day like that before it or after it, that the LORD hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the LORD fought for Israel." (Joshua 10:14) God also fought for the Israelites in this battle, for he hurled huge hailstones from the sky which killed more Canaanites than those which the Israelites slaughtered. From there on, Joshua was able to lead the Israelites to several victories, securing much of the land of Canaan.

Main article: Conquest of Canaan

Posted Image

Joshua Commanding the Sun to Stand Still upon Gibeon by John Martin


...In Christianity

Among the early Church Fathers, Joshua is considered a type of Jesus Christ. For instance, just as Moses did not lead the children of Israel into the promised land, but Joshua did, so Moses' law could not lead them into Heaven but the new covenant mediated by Jesus (the same name as "Joshua") could. Hebrews 4:8-10 identifies Jesus as a better Joshua, as Joshua led Israel into the rest of Canaan, but Jesus leads the people of God into "God's rest," salvation.[citation needed]


Source/more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joshua


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Bible references from today's reading:

...Joshua 1:5 "There shall not any man be able to stand before thee all the days of thy life: as I was with Moses, so I will be with thee: I will not fail thee, nor forsake thee."

Job 37:23 "Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out: he is excellent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice: he will not afflict."

Joshua 24:19 "And Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannot serve the Lord: for he is an holy God; he is a jealous God; he will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins."

Job 4:17 "Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his maker?"

Job 11:7 "Canst thou by searching find out God? canst thou find out the Almighty unto perfection?"

Joshua 24:19 "And Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannot serve the Lord: for he is an holy God; he is a jealous God; he will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins."


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Tomorrow's reading finishes Paper 96. In it Melchizedek gives us insights about the origins, content and errors of two books central to the Old Testament. Section 7 is titled: PSALMS AND THE BOOK OF JOB


Thanks for reading. Forum Member's thoughts, reflections, insights, observations, comments, corrections and questions about today's OPAD presentation are invited. Join the Forum

Much love, Rick/OPAD host


Overview of Paper 96 Yahweh — God of the Hebrews

1. Deity Concepts among the Semites
2. The Semitic Peoples
3. The Matchless Moses
4. The Proclamation of Yahweh
5. The Teachings of Moses

6. The God Concept after Moses’ Death
7. Psalms and the Book of Job


[Presented by a Melchizedek of Nebadon.]


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#20 Rick Warren

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Posted 26 June 2012 - 03:27 AM



Welcome to UAI Forum's One-Page-A-Day Online Study Session

Today's Presentation:


PAPER 96 - YAHWEH--GOD OF THE HEBREWS



7. PSALMS AND THE BOOK OF JOB



P.1060 - §1 Under the leadership of their sheiks and priests the Hebrews became loosely established in Palestine. But they soon drifted back into the benighted beliefs of the desert and became contaminated with the less advanced Canaanite religious practices. They became idolatrous and licentious, and their idea of Deity fell far below the Egyptian and Mesopotamian concepts of God that were maintained by certain surviving Salem groups, and which are recorded in some of the Psalms and in the so-called Book of Job.


P.1060 - §2 The Psalms are the work of a score or more of authors; many were written by Egyptian and Mesopotamian teachers. During these times when the Levant worshiped nature gods, there were still a goodly number who believed in the supremacy of El Elyon, the Most High.

P.1060 - §3 No collection of religious writings gives expression to such a wealth of devotion and inspirational ideas of God as the Book of Psalms. And it would be very helpful if, in the perusal of this wonderful collection of worshipful literature, consideration could be given to the source and chronology of each separate hymn of praise and adoration, bearing in mind that no other single collection covers such a great range of time. This Book of Psalms is the record of the varying concepts of God entertained by the believers of the Salem religion throughout the Levant and embraces the entire period from Amenemope to Isaiah. In the Psalms God is depicted in all phases of conception, from the crude idea of a tribal deity to the vastly expanded ideal of the later Hebrews, wherein Yahweh is pictured as a loving ruler and merciful Father.

P.1060 - §4 And when thus regarded, this group of Psalms constitutes the most valuable and helpful assortment of devotional sentiments ever assembled by man up to the times of the twentieth century. The worshipful spirit of this collection of hymns transcends that of all other sacred books of the world.



P.1060 - §5 The variegated picture of Deity presented in the Book of Job was the product of more than a score of Mesopotamian religious teachers extending over a period of almost three hundred years. And when you read the lofty concept of divinity found in this compilation of Mesopotamian beliefs, you will recognize that it was in the neighborhood of Ur of Chaldea that the idea of a real God was best preserved during the dark days in Palestine.

P.1060 - §6 In Palestine the wisdom and all-pervasiveness of God was often grasped but seldom his love and mercy. The Yahweh of these times "sends evil spirits to dominate the souls of his enemies"; he prospers his own and obedient children, while he curses and visits dire judgments upon all others. "He disappoints the devices of the crafty; he takes the wise in their own deceit."

P.1060 - §7 Only at Ur did a voice arise to cry out the mercy of God, saying: "He shall pray to God and shall find favor with him and shall see his face with joy, for God will give to man divine righteousness." Thus from Ur there is preached salvation, divine favor, by faith: "He is gracious to the repentant and says, `Deliver him from going down in the pit, for I have found a ransom.' If any say, `I have sinned and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not,' God will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and he shall see the light." Not since the times of Melchizedek had the Levantine world heard such a ringing and cheering message of human salvation as this extraordinary teaching of Elihu, the prophet of Ur and priest of the Salem believers, that is, the remnant of the onetime Melchizedek colony in Mesopotamia.

P.1061 - §1 And thus did the remnants of the Salem missionaries in Mesopotamia maintain the light of truth during the period of the disorganization of the Hebrew peoples until the appearance of the first of that long line of the teachers of Israel who never stopped as they built, concept upon concept, until they had achieved the realization of the ideal of the Universal and Creator Father of all, the acme of the evolution of the Yahweh concept.


P.1061 - §2 [Presented by a Melchizedek of Nebadon.]




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[Each OPAD presentation is copied from The Urantia Book published by Urantia Foundation. Questions and comments related to the Paper under discussion are welcome. In-depth questions and related topics may be studied in branch threads in the OPAD, or other subforums, as you require. Thank you for studying with us!]


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